Entity


Entity

An entity is something that has a distinct, separate existence, though it need not be a material existence. In particular, abstractions and legal fictions are usually regarded as entities. In general, there is also no presumption that an entity is animate. Entities are used in system developmental models that display communications and internal processing of, say, documents compared to order processing.

An entity could be viewed as a set containing subsets. In philosophy, such sets are said to be abstract objects.

Sometimes, the word "entity" is used in a general sense of a being, whether or not the referent has material existence; e.g., is often referred to as an entity with no corporeal form, such as a language. It is also often used to refer to ghosts and other spirits. Taken further, "entity" sometimes refers to existence or being itself. For example, the former U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan once said that "the policy of the government of the United States is to seek . . . to preserve Chinese territorial and administrative "entity"."

The word "entitative" is the adjective form of the noun entity. Something that is entitative is "considered as pure entity; abstracted from all circumstances", that is, regarded as entity alone, apart from attendant circumstances.

In law, an entity is something capable of bearing legal rights and obligations. It generally means "legal entity" (such as a business entity or a corporate entity) or "artificial person" but also includes "natural person".

pecialized uses

* A DBMS entity is "either" a thing in the modelled world "or" a drawing element in an ERD.
* A SUMO, Entity is the root node and stands for the universal class of individuals.
* In VHDL, entity is the keyword for defining a new object.
* An SGML entity is an abbreviation for some expanded piece of SGML text.
* An open systems architecture entity is an active routine within a layer.
* In computer games and game engines, entity is a dynamic object such as a non-player character or item.
* In HTML, entity is a code snippet (ie: "®" for "Registered Trademark") which is interpreted by web browsers to display special characters. See List of XML and HTML character entity references.

ee also

* Boltzmann brain, a hypothesized self-aware entity.
* Digital identity
* Entity realism, a form of scientific realism.
* Ontology, the study of being, existence and entities


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  • entity — en·ti·ty / en ti tē/ n pl ties: an organization (as a business or governmental unit) that has a legal identity which is separate from those of its members see also alter ego, instrumentality, juridical person …   Law dictionary

  • entity — entity, being, creature, individual, person are comparable when meaning something which has real and independent existence. Entity, the most consistently abstract of these terms, implies such existence not only in the actual world but also in the …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Entity — est le cinquième album studio du groupe de brutal Death metal technique américain Origin. Il est sorti le 7 Juin 2011[1]. Entity Album par Origin Sortie 7 juin 2011 Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Entity — En ti*ty, n.; pl. {Entities}. [LL. entitas, fr. L. ens, entis, thing, prop. p. pr. of esse to be: cf. F. entit[ e]. See {Essence}, {Is}.] A real being, whether in thought (as an ideal conception) or in fact; being; essence; existence. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Entity — steht für: Entität, in der Datenmodellierung ein eindeutig zu bestimmendes Objekt HTML Entity, eine Referenz auf eine bestimmte benannte SGML Entität Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • entity — A general term encompassing a wide variety of legal persons, including individuals, corporations and governmental units (SA Bankruptcy.com) Under Title 11 U.S.C. Section 101: (15) The term entity includes person, estate, trust, governmental unit …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • entity — [n1] object that exists article, being, body, creature, existence, individual, item, material, matter, organism, presence, quantity, single, singleton, something, stuff, subsistence, substance, thing; concept 433 Ant. abstract, concept, idea… …   New thesaurus

  • entity — 1590s, from L.L. entitatem (nom. entitas), from L.L. ens (gen. entis) a thing, proposed by Caesar as prp. of esse be (see IS (Cf. is)), to render Greek philosophical term to on that which is (from neut. of prp. of einai to be; see ESSENC …   Etymology dictionary

  • entity — ► NOUN (pl. entities) ▪ a thing with distinct and independent existence. ORIGIN French entité, from Latin ens being …   English terms dictionary

  • entity — [en′tə tē] n. pl. entities [< Fr entité or ML entitas < L ens (gen. entis), prp. of esse, to be: see IS1] 1. being; existence 2. a thing that has definite, individual existence outside or within the mind; anything real in itself …   English World dictionary


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