Mashed potato


Mashed potato
Mashed potatoes on a plate.
Decorated mashed potato, Schynige Platte.
A plate of sausage and mashed potatoes, with cabbage and onion gravy, commonly known as 'bangers and mash'

Mashed potato is made by mashing freshly boiled potatoes with a ricer, fork, potato masher, or food mill. Dehydrated and frozen mashed potatoes are available in many places.

Contents

Ingredients

The use of "floury" types of potato is usually recommended, although "waxy" potatoes are sometimes used for a different texture. Butter, vegetable oil, milk or cream are usually added to improve flavor and texture, and the potatoes are seasoned with salt and pepper, and any other desired herbs and spices.[1] Popular ingredients and seasonings include: garlic, cheese, bacon bits, sour cream, crisp onion or spring onion, mustard, spices such as nutmeg, chopped herbs such as parsley or rosemary, white turnip, and wasabi. A French variation adds egg yolk for pommes duchesse; piped through a pastry tube into wavy ribbons and rosettes, brushed with butter and lightly browned. In low-calorie or non-dairy variations, milk, cream, and butter may be replaced by soup stock or broth. Aloo Bharta, an Indian sub-continent variation, uses chopped onions, mustard (oil, paste or seeds), chili pepper, coriander leaves and other spices.

Preparation

Both heat and kinetic energy can burst the walls of the starch grains in the potato, releasing amylose, which traps water, imparting an undesired "gluey" consistency in the same way that starch adds thickness to foods such as gravy and custard. To avoid this, potatoes must not be cooked at a high temperature for too long. Whole or chunked potatoes receive considerably more heat on the outside by the time enough heat penetrates to cook the center, overcooking the outside; thinly slicing the potatoes allows a consistent amount of heat throughout. Heston Blumenthal recommends cooking the sliced potatoes for 40 minutes at a controlled temperature of 70 °C.[2] To avoid the need for temperature control, the sliced potatoes can be boiled until just cooked (10 to 12 minutes), testing constantly. If a food processor or similar is used for mashing, it will mechanically break the starch grains, releasing amylose and giving an unpleasant gluey consistency. Potatoes are best mashed before adding butter, etc., as the butter or liquid lubricates the lumps of potato, making them more difficult to break up.

Culinary uses

Mashed potatoes can be served together with other dishes, or can be an ingredient of various other dishes, including shepherd's and cottage pie, pierogi, colcannon, dumplings, potato croquettes, gnocchi, etc.

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • mashed potato — mashed potato, n. the name of a dance, briefly popular in the 1960 s. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mashed potato — UK [ˌmæʃt pəˈteɪtəʊ] / US [ˌmæʃt pəˈteɪtoʊ] or mashed potatoes UK / US noun [uncountable] potatoes boiled in water, crushed, and then mixed with milk and butter until they are smooth …   English dictionary

  • Mashed Potato — This article is about the dance craze. For other uses, including the food, see Mashed potato (disambiguation). The Mashed Potato is a dance move which was a popular dance craze of 1962. It was danced to songs such as Dee Dee Sharp s Mashed Potato …   Wikipedia

  • mashed potato — noun potato that has been peeled and boiled and then mashed • Hypernyms: ↑potato, ↑white potato, ↑Irish potato, ↑murphy, ↑spud, ↑tater * * * mashed potato UK [ˌmæʃt pəˈteɪtəʊ] US [ˌmæʃt pəˈteɪtoʊ] nou …   Useful english dictionary

  • mashed potato — noun Potato that has been boiled and mashed to a pulpy consistency …   Wiktionary

  • mashed potato — also mashed potatoes noun (U) potatoes that have been boiled and then crushed until they are smooth …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • Mashed Potato — noun A dance popular from 1962 through the mid 1960s …   Wiktionary

  • Mashed potato (disambiguation) — Mashed potato is a common way of serving potato, made by mashing boiled potatoes. Mashed potato or mashed potatoes may also refer to: Mashed Potato, a dance move that was popular during the early 1960s (Do the) Mashed Potatoes, a 1960 single by… …   Wikipedia

  • Smash (instant mashed potato) — Smash is a brand of instant mashed potato in the United Kingdom. The preparation of Smash is extremely simple the granules are placed in a bowl and boiling water is added and stirred producing a mashed potato substitute.Launched in the UK by… …   Wikipedia

  • Potato bread — Potato bread, also known as fadge, slims, potato cake or potato farls, is a form of bread in which potato replaces a major portion of the regular wheat flour. It is usually cooked by baking it on a hot griddle or pan. An Irish variant is… …   Wikipedia


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