Rosa damascena

Rosa damascena

name = "Rosa × damascena"

image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Rosa damascena"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Rosales
familia = Rosaceae
subfamilia = Rosoideae
genus = "Rosa"
species = "R. × damascena"
binomial = "Rosa × damascena"
binomial_authority = Mill.

"Rosa × damascena", more commonly known as the Damask rose or simply as "Damask", or sometimes as the Rose of Castile, is a rose hybrid, derived from "Rosa gallica" and "Rosa moschata" (Huxley 1992). Further DNA analysis has shown that a third species, "Rosa fedtschenkoana", is associated with the Damask rose (Harkness 2003).

It is a deciduous shrub growing to 2.2 m tall, the stems densely armed with stout, curved prickles and stiff bristles. The leaves are pinnate, with five (rarely seven) leaflets.

It is considered an important type of Old Rose, also for their prominent place in the pedigree of many other types.

The crusader Robert de Brie is given credit for bringing them from Persia to Europe sometime between 1254 and 1276. The name refers to Damascus,Syria a major city in the region.

They are renowned for their fine fragrance, and their flowers are commercially harvested for rose oil used in perfumery. The perfume industry often refers to this note as Damascus rose.

The hybrid is divided in two varieties (Huxley 1992):
*Summer Damasks ("R. × damascena" nothovar. "damascena") have a short flowering season, only in the summer.
*Autumn Damasks ("R. × damascena" nothovar. "semperflorens" (Duhamel) Rowley) have a longer flowering season, extending into the autumn; they are otherwise not distinguishable from the summer damasks.

A still popular example of "R. × damascena" is the Ispahan rose

The hybrid "Rosa × centifolia" is derived in part from "Rosa × damascena"

ee also

*"Our Lady of Guadalupe"

References and external links

*Harkness, P. (2003). "The Rose: An Illustrated History". Firefly.
*Huxley, A., ed. (1992). "New RHS Dictionary of Gardening". Macmillan.
* [ Damask Rose]

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Rosa × damascena — damaskinė rožė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Rosa ×damascena), naudojamas maisto priedams (kvėpikliams) gaminti. Iš jo gaunamas eterinis aliejus. atitikmenys:… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Rosa damascena — Damask Dam ask, a. 1. Pertaining to, or originating at, the city of Damascus; resembling the products or manufactures of Damascus. [1913 Webster] 2. Having the color of the damask rose. [1913 Webster] But let concealment, like a worm i the bud,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rosa damascena — ID 72453 Symbol Key RODA Common Name damask rose Family Rosaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution MI, MO, NC, NY Growth Habit Subshrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Rosa damascena — Damascenerrose …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Rosa damascena — noun large hardy very fragrant pink rose; cultivated in Asia Minor as source of attar of roses; parent of many hybrids • Syn: ↑damask rose, ↑summer damask rose • Hypernyms: ↑rose, ↑rosebush …   Useful english dictionary

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