Freising


Freising

Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Wappen Freising.pnglat_deg = 48 |lat_min = 24 |lat_sec = 10
lon_deg = 11 |lon_min = 44 |lon_sec = 56
Lageplan = Freising - Lage im Landkreis.pngBundesland = Bayern
Regierungsbezirk = Oberbayern
Landkreis = Freising
Höhe = 448
Fläche = 88.45
Einwohner = 44291
Stand = 2007-03-31
PLZ = 85354, 85356
Vorwahl = 08161
Kfz = FS
Gemeindeschlüssel = 09 1 78 124
Gliederung = 29 Stadtteile
Adresse = Obere Hauptstraße 2
85354 Freising
Website = [http://www.freising.de/ www.freising.de]
Bürgermeister = Dieter Thalhammer
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = SPD

Freising is a town in Bavaria, Germany, capital of the district Freising. Total population 48,500.The city is located north of Munich at the Isar river, near the Franz Josef Strauß International Airport. Anyone starting or landing at Munich airport can see the city to the north with its two famous hills, the cathedral hill with the bishop's castle and the Freising cathedral and the Weihenstephan hill with the oldest brewery in the world.

Cultural significance

Freising is one of the oldest settlements in Bavaria, gaining importance by becoming a major religious center in the early middle ages. It was and still is the center of an important diocese. Some important historical documents have been created from 900 to 1200 in its monastery:
* Freising manuscripts written in Slovenian, being the first Roman-script continuous text in a Slavic language
* Chronicle or history of the two cities by Otto of Freising

The above and other scripts from that time can be found in the Bayrische Staatsbibliothek (Bavarian state library) in Munich today.

History

Even though archaeological finds show that the area was settled in the Bronze Age, no proof has been found yet to suggest a continuous settlement until the 8th century "Frigisinga". Saint Corbinian settled at a shrine that already existed at Freising in 724. He was the forerunner of the diocese of Freising, established after his death by Saint Boniface. According to his "Vita" by Bishop Arbeo he ordered a bear to carry his luggage over the Alps after it had killed his packhorse. The saddled bear is still the symbol of the city, displayed in the coat of arms, though the seat of the diocese was moved to Munich in 1821. Freising has remained the seat of diocese administration until today.

764-783 Bishop Arbeo founded a library and scriptorium at the abbey. The settlement started to become a religious center.

In 996 Freising received city rights from Emperor Otto III. However, after the "(...) destruction of the episcopal bridge, custom houses, mint, and salt works near Oberföhring by Duke Henry the Lion, who transferred the custom houses and bridge site to the upper part of Oberföhring, placing them in the village of Munich on the Isar" (Lins, [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_%281913%29/Munich-Freising?oldid=346185 Catholic Encyclopedia] , 1913). In 1158, Freising started to lose its economic significance. In 1159 the romanesque cathedral was constructed (with a notable animal column in the crypt).

In the secularization of 1803, the Roman Catholic Church lost most of its properties and authority over the city.

Famous citizens

* Otto of Freising (1112 - 1158), bishop.
* Pope Benedict XVI
* Ludwig Prandtl

External links

* [http://www.freising.de Official Site]
*http://www.dioezesanmuseum-freising.de
* [http://www.bsb-muenchen.de/ Bavarian state library]
* [http://www.hickerphoto.com/freising-photos.htm Pictures of Freising]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Freising — Freising …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Freising — Freising,   1) Große Kreisstadt in Oberbayern, am Rande des Tertiärhügellandes über der Isar nordwestlich vom Erdinger Moos, 42 000 Einwohner; Stadtarchiv, Diözesanmuseum, Heimatmuseum; Motoren und Maschinenbau, Textilindustrie. Im St …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Freising — (del latín Frisinga) es una localidad ubicada al norte de la ciudad bávara de Múnich (München) en Alemania, con una superficie de 88,61 kilómetros cuadrados, una altitud media de 448 metros y una población total de 45.177 habitantes (2009). A… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Freising — (Freisingen), unmittelbare Stadt im bayr. Regbez. Oberbayern, an der Isar, die hier die Mosach aufnimmt, und der Staatsbahnlinie München Regensburg Oberkotzau, 416 m ü. M., hat eine evangelische und 8 kath. Kirchen (darunter die Domkirche von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Freising — (Freisingen), 1) Landgericht im baierischen Kreise Oberbaiern, 64/5 QM., 18,300 Ew. 2) Hauptstadt darin an der Mosach u. dem Isar: Sitz des Appellationsgerichts für Oberbaiern, Wechselgericht, Rentamt, Capitel u. Generalvicariat des Erzbischofs… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Freising — Freising, Bezirksstadt im bayr. Reg. Bez. Oberbayern, an der Isar, (1900) 10.090 E., Amtsgericht, theol. Lyzeum, kath. Gymnasium, Lehrerseminar, 724 1803 Bischofssitz (Sitz des Erzbischofs von München F. ist München), schöne Domkirche (1160 1205… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Freising — Freising, auch Freisingen, alte Stadt in Oberbayern an der Isar, 41/2 St. nordnordöstlich von München, Sitz des Appellationsgerichts für Oberbayern, mit 59000 E., schöner Domkirche und 5 andern Kirchen, Lyceum mit theolog. Facultät, ehemaligem… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Freising — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Freising — ▪ Germany  city, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It lies along the Isar River, north northeast of Munich. It was the site of a castle in the 8th century, and, after the missionary bishop Korbinian came there in 724 and St. Boniface… …   Universalium

  • Freising — Original name in latin Freising Name in other language Frajzing, Freising, Freysing, Frisinga, Fryzynga, fu lai xin, Фрайзинг State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 48.40351 latitude 11.74876 altitude 448 Population 42570 Date 2013… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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