Northern Germany

Northern Germany

Northern Germany (Norddeutschland) is the geographic area in the north of Germany.



The key terrain features of North Germany are the marshes along the coastline of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, and the geest and heaths inland. Also prominent are the low hills of the Baltic Uplands, the ground moraines, end moraines, sandur, glacial valleys, bogs, and Luch. These features were formed during the Weichselian glaciation and contrast scenically with the Central Uplands of Germany (such as the Harz) and Teutoburg Forest, which are occasionally included as part of northern Germany.

The Altmark in Saxony-Anhalt, the northern Brandenburg area with the Prignitz and the Uckermark, and Westphalia are considered to be part of the North German region.


The Hanseatic League is part of the common history and culture of the cities in northern Germany with Hamburg Metropolitan Region as the modern centre. Low German is the historic language of this region (see: Benrath line).

Northern German States

The term Northern German States is often used to refer to the following Federal States of Germany:

In some cases it also includes the non-coastal states

Northern Germany as a region or as a historical landscape includes additional federal states (see geography above).

See also

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