Representation of the People Act 1884

Representation of the People Act 1884

In the United Kingdom, the Representation of the People Act of 1884 (48 & 49 Vict. c. 3, also known as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were a response to the inequality in the electoral system left by Benjamin Disraeli's Reform Act 1867. Taken together, these measures extended the same voting qualifications as existed in the towns to the countryside, and essentially established the modern one member constituency as the normal pattern for Parliamentary representation.

The act extended the 1867 concessions from the boroughs to the countryside. All men paying an annual rental of £10 or all those holding land valued at £10 now had the vote. The British electorate now totalled over 5,500,000. An Act a year later redistributed constituencies, giving more representation to urban areas (especially London).

The 1884 Reform Act did not establish universal suffrage: although the size of the electorate was widened considerably, 40% of adult males were still without the vote at the time.

Key sections of the act

"Section 2": This extended a uniform household and lodger franchise, to all boroughs and counties in the United Kingdom.

"Section 3": Men inhabiting a dwelling-house as an employee, whose employer did not live there, were to be treated as if they were occupying as tenants for franchise purposes.

"Section 4": Prohibition of multiplicity of votes. This was not to stop people acquiring multiple votes in different constituencies (plural voting was still permitted), but to restrict sub-division of one property to qualify multiple voters (so called fagot voters).

"Section 5": A man who was a £10 occupier in a county or borough was to be a voter in that county or borough. This assimilated the previous county occupation franchise and borough occupation franchise into a uniform occupation franchise.

"Section 6": Occupation in a borough was not to confer a county franchise.

ee also

* The Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885-1918


* "The Statutes: Second Revised Edition, Vol. XVI 1884-1886", (printed by authority 1900)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Representation of the People Act — can refer to the following acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom: * Representation of the People Act 1832 * Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832 * Representation of the People (Ireland) Act 1832 * Representation of the People… …   Wikipedia

  • Representation of the People Acts — (1918, 1928) Parliamentary acts that expanded suffrage in Britain. The act of 1918 gave the vote to all men over 21 and all women over 30, which tripled the electorate. The act of 1928 extended the franchise to women aged 21–30. The acts… …   Universalium

  • The United States of America —     The United States of America     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The United States of America     BOUNDARIES AND AREA     On the east the boundary is formed by the St. Croix River and an arbitrary line to the St. John, and on the north by the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Irish (in Countries Other Than Ireland) —     The Irish (in countries other than Ireland)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Irish (in countries other than Ireland)     I. IN THE UNITED STATES     Who were the first Irish to land on the American continent and the time of their arrival are …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Seal of Confession —     The Law of the Seal of Confession     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Law of the Seal of Confession     In the Decretum of the Gratian who compiled the edicts of previous councils and the principles of Church law which he published about 1151,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Nordic Exhibition of 1888 (1888) — The Nordic exhibition of Industry, Agriculture, and Art of 1888 was a joint venture between 29 organisations and official institutions, with the weight on the private side, represented foremost by the Association of Copenhagen Industrialists. It… …   Wikipedia

  • The Mikado — For other uses, see Mikado (disambiguation). Theatre poster for The Mikado The Mikado; or, The Town of Titipu is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic… …   Wikipedia

  • The George Washington University — Infobox University name = The George Washington University image size = 150 px motto = Deus Nobis Fiducia ( In God Our Trust ) established = February 9, 1821 type = Private endowment = US $1.147 billion [cite web | title = All Institutions Listed …   Wikipedia

  • Act of No Choice — Volksentscheid ohne Wahl „In der Abstimmung von 1969 wählten die Menschen Irian Jayas ein Teil Indonesiens zu sein“ (indonesisches Tourismushandbuch) [1] Die Beteiligten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Free Choice — Indonesien heute; West Papua bildet den östlichen Abschluss, Aceh den westlichen. Die markierten Städte sind Sabang und Merauke, die für das indonesische Nationalverständnis eine sprichwörtliche Rolle spielen. Der Act of Free Choice war eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia