- Smolensk Oblast
Smolensk Oblast ( _ru. Смол́енская о́бласть, "Smolenskaya oblast") is a federal subject of
Russia(an oblast). Its area is 49,786 square kilometers, population—1,019,000 (2005 est.) [http://www.gks.ru/bgd/free/b00_25/IssWWW.exe/Stg/d000/i000070r.htm] ; 1,049,574 (2002 Census); 1,158,299 (1989 Census). Its administrative center is the city of Smolensk. Other ancient towns include Vyazmaand Dorogobuzh. Smolensk oblast borders Pskov Oblastin north, Tver Oblastin northeast, Moscow Oblastin east, Kaluga Oblastand Bryansk Oblastin south, and also Mahilyow Voblastand Vitsebsk Voblastin Belarus, to the west and northwest.
According to the (2002 Census), the national composition of the oblast was as follows:
Russians: 93.4%• Ukrainians: 1.7%• Belarusians: 1.6%• Armenians: 0.4%• Roma: 0.3%• Tatars: 0.2%• Azeris: 0.2%,and many other groups, none more than 0.2% of the population. (1.1% of the population did not state their nationality in the census.)
Smolensk Oblast is part of Russia's Central economic district. Industry is this district includes sectors such as engineering and metalworking (production of measuring and hydrometeorological devices, computer equipment, electrical appliances, refrigerators, automobiles, power-generating and store equipment, and aircraft manufacture), the chemical industry (production of ammonia, saltpeter, fertilizers, and plastics), light industry (production of clothing, and cotton and linen fabrics), the food industry, and brown coal and peat production.
Nearly 40% of the industrial production potential is concentrated in the city of Smolensk. Diamond cutting companies have the largest share of GDP. The largest of these companies is the Kristall State
Unitary enterprise(GUP Kristall) in Smolensk. Smolensk is also a major center of the engineering and metalworking industries, with the instrument-making, electronics, electrical, and auto industries having the largest share of GDP among engineering companies.
Isaac Asimov, born in Petrovichi
Yuri Gagarin, born in Klushino
*en icon [http://admin.smolensk.ru/Eng_version/ Official website of Smolensk Oblast] .
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Smolensk Oblast — An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Smolensk Oblast is located on the Eastern European Plain along Russia’s western frontier with Belarus. Within the federation, it borders the oblasts of Pskov, Tver, Moscow, Kaluga, and… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
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Smolensk — ( ru. Смоленск) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dnieper River, the administrative centre of Smolensk Oblast. Its population in 2003 was estimated as 351,100 (325,137 as of 2002 Census). Situated 360 kilometres (225 mi) west southwest… … Wikipedia