- Languages of Angola
Using the data from the 1983 census of Angola, Portuguese is both the official and predominant language in the black,
mestiçoand white populations, as it is spoken in the homes of about two-thirds of the population and as a second languageby many more throughout the country. Of the 60% Portuguese native speakers, half could speak only Portuguese, while the other half spoke a Bantu language as a second tongue. [ Medeiros, Adelardo [http://www.linguaportuguesa.ufrn.br/pt_3.4.a.php O Português na África — Angola] ]
About 40% of
Angolans speak Bantu languagesas their first languages, many more as second language, Although younger urban generations and some sectors of the Angolan society are moving towards the exclusive use of Portuguese. The most spoken Bantu languages are Kimbundu, Umbundu, and Kikongo(all of these have many Portuguese-derived words). Cubans speak Spanish, but few of their descendants have held on to it. Blacks from Mali, Nigeria, and Senegalspeak English, French, and their native African languages, aside from Portuguese. The foreign language mostly learned by Angolans is English.
Angola is quite anomalous in black Africa as a country where the colonial language has become a vernacular language and even largely displaced the indigenous languages.
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=Angola Ethnologue Listing of Angolan Languages]
* [http://www.panafril10n.org/wikidoc/pmwiki.php/PanAfrLoc/Angola PanAfrican L10n page on Angola]
* [http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/Angola.htm L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde - Angola]
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