- Hubert Rance
Major GeneralSir Hubert Elvin Rance, GCMG, GBE, CB, (1898-1974) was the last British Governor of Burma(Myanmar) between 1946 and 1948, while the country moved towards independence. Later he became Governor of Trinidad and Tobago.
Career to 1945
Rance joined the
British Armyin 1916 and fought in the First World Warwith the Worcestershire Regiment. Later he transferred to the Signal Corps and in the Second World Warplayed a part in the evacuation of Dunkirk in a senior role with the British Expeditionary Force. He also held senior War Officeposts directing army training.
In 1945 he was appointed Director of Civil Affairs in Burma, restoring British control after Japanese forces withdrew.
Reginald Dorman-Smithwas appointed Governor in 1946 but UK Prime Minister Attlee, advised by Lord Mountbatten, soon decided that Rance should replace him. Dorman-Smith's imprisonment of a popular nationalist leader, Aung San, had provoked anger and the threat of rebellion against the British, while Rance had a more conciliatory approach.
British policy started to move away from an attempt at a slow, gradual transition to independence, and it was decided that Rance should co-operate with Aung San and his
Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League. Aung San was believed to be less hostile to British interests, and less radical in his nationalism than some other political figures, like the communists, for example.
Rance became Governor on the last day of August 1946, and on 27 January 1947 Attlee made an agreement with Aung San that independence would come as soon as possible, with elections in April. British hopes of a smooth handover of power allowing the UK to retain some influence were threatened when Aung San was assassinated in July 1947. Rance's prompt action in making
U Nuprime minister within hours is believed to have been a decisive factor in avoiding greater upheaval. [ DNBarticle on U Nu]
In a formal ceremony on 4 January 1948 Rance handed over to
Sao Shwe Thaik, president of Burma, while Nu continued as prime minister.
He acted as British governor of
Trinidad and Tobagobetween 19 April 1950 and June 1955.He is author of two reports published by the Colonial Officein London in 1950: "Development and welfare in the West Indies, 1947-49" and "Report of the British Caribbean Standing Closer Association Committee, 1948-49 " and in May 1956 he published an article on "Burma’s Economic Problems" in the "Eastern World". Hubert Rance Street in Vistabella, San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobagowas named in his honour.
* [http://books.google.com/ Clive Christie, "The Karens" in "Turbulent Times and Enduring People" (2000) ed. Jean Michaud]
* [http://books.google.com/ William Roger Louis, "Dissolution of the British Empire" in "The Oxford History of the British Empire" (1999) ed. Brown, Louis, Low]
* [http://books.google.com/ Shelby Tucker, "Burma: The Curse of Independence" (2001)]
* [http://wwwa.britannica.com/ebi/article-52608 British in Burma ("Encyclopaedia Britannica")]
* [http://www.kcl.ac.uk/lhcma/locreg/RANCE.shtml King's College Military Archives]
DNBarticles on U Nu and Dorman-Smith
* [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,794133,00.html "Time" magazine describes Rance's departure from Burma]
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Hubert Rance — Generalmajor Sir Hubert Elvin Rance, GCMG, GBE, CB, (* 1898; † 1974) war von 1946 bis 1948 der letzte Gouverneur der britischen Kronkolonie Birma vor der Unabhängigkeit des Landes. Später war er Gouverneur von Trinidad und Tobago.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hubert Elvin Rance — Generalmajor Sir Hubert Elvin Rance, GCMG, GBE, CB, (* 1898; † 1974) war von 1946 bis 1948 der letzte Gouverneur der britischen Kronkolonie Birma vor der Unabhängigkeit des Landes. Später war er Gouverneur von Trinidad und Tobago.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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