Greeks in Turkey

Greeks in Turkey

Greeks in Turkey ( _tr. Rumlar) are Greek-speaking Eastern Orthodox Christians who mostly live in Istanbul and on the two islands of the western entrance to the Dardanelles: Imbros and Tenedos (Turkish: "Gökçeada" and "Bozcaada") and also on the Princes' Islands. They are the remnants of the estimated 200,000 Greeks who were permitted under the provisions of the Treaty of Lausanne to remain in Turkey following the 1923 population exchange, which involved the forcible resettlement of approximately 1.5 million Greeks from Anatolia and East Thrace and of half a million Turks from all of Greece except for Western Thrace. After years of persecution (e.g. the Istanbul Pogrom), in 1995, fewer than 10,000 Greeks still lived in Turkey,"Library of Congress Country Study for [ Turkey] ."] and the Greek Orthodox population in Istanbul, as of 2006, is estimated at just around 5,000. [According to figures presented by Prof. Vyron Kotzamanis to a conference of unions and federations representing the ethnic Greeks of Istanbul. [ "Ethnic Greeks of Istanbul convene"] , "Athens News Agency", 2 July 2006.]

Since 1924, the status of the Greek minority in Turkey has been ambiguous. Beginning in the 1930s, the government instituted repressive policies forcing many Greeks to emigrate. Examples are the labour battalions drafted among non-Muslims during World War II as well as the Fortune Tax (Varlık Vergisi) levied mostly on non-Muslims during the same period. These resulted in financial ruination and death for many Greeks. The exodus was given greater impetus with the Istanbul Pogrom of September 1955 which led to thousands of Greeks fleeing the city, eventually reducing the Greek population to about 48,000 by 1965 and to about 5,000 by 2006.

ee also


External links

* [ Athens protests latest desecration of Orthodox cemetery in Turkey]
* [ The Greeks of Turkey]
* [ Greek - Turkish minorities]
* [ Greeks Living in Turkey Today]
* [ Turkey’s Greek Community Grapples with adnersity]
* [ Turkey - Greeks]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • turkey — /terr kee/, n., pl. turkeys, (esp. collectively) turkey. 1. a large, gallinaceous bird of the family Meleagrididae, esp. Meleagris gallopavo, of America, that typically has green, reddish brown, and yellowish brown plumage of a metallic luster… …   Universalium

  • Turkey — /terr kee/, n. a republic in W Asia and SE Europe. 63,528,225; 296,184 sq. mi. (767,120 sq. km). (286,928 sq. mi. (743,145 sq. km) in Asia; 9257 sq. mi. (23,975 sq. km) in Europe). Cap.: Ankara. Cf. Ottoman Empire. * * * Turkey Introduction… …   Universalium

  • TURKEY — TURKEY, modern republic in Asia Minor and S.E. Europe (see ottoman empire for previous period). In the peace treaty of Lausanne (July 24, 1923), Turkey established complete sovereignty in Anatolia, the southeastern part of Thrace, and some… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Turkey at the 1908 Summer Olympics — Turkey at the Olympic Games Flag of the Ottoman Empire – Flag bearers …   Wikipedia

  • Greeks — This article is about the Greek people. For the finance term, see Greeks (finance). Greeks Έλληνες 1st row: Homer • King Leonidas • Pericles • Herodotus • Hippocrates 2nd row: Socrates • Plato • Aristotle • …   Wikipedia

  • Greeks in Albania — About a general view on history, geography, demographics and political issues concerning the region, see Northern Epirus. Northern Epirotes Βορειοηπειρώτες …   Wikipedia

  • Greeks in Ukraine — A Greek presence throughout the Black Sea area existed long before the beginnings of Kievan Rus. For most of their history in this area, the history of the Greeks in Russia and in Ukraine forms a single narrative, of which a division according to …   Wikipedia

  • Turkey —    Estimated Gypsy population: 350,000, although some sources would say one million. An estimate for the years 1960 1970 gave a figure of 10,633 nomads.    When the Turks captured the land that forms present day Turkey from the Byzantine Greeks,… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • turkey — [16] The term turkey was originally applied to the ‘guinea fowl’, apparently because the bird was imported into Europe from Africa by the Portuguese through Turkish territory. When the American bird we now know as the turkey was introduced to the …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • TURKEY — or THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE    a great Mohammedan State embracing wide areas in Eastern Europe and Western Asia, besides the province of Tripoli in North Africa, and the tributary States Bulgaria and Eastern Roumelia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (under… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»