- Greatest hits
A greatest hits album (sometimes referred to as a "best of" album) is a
compilation albumof successful, previously released songs by a particular music artist or band. To increase the appeal of the album – especially to people who already own the previously released material – it is common to include remixes or alternate takes of popular songs or new material, with new songs often being released as singles (and themselves sometimes becoming successful).
Greatest hits albums are typically produced after an artist has had enough successful songs to fill out an album release. Some artists, have released multiple greatest hits albums through their career. Other greatest hits albums are released only at the end of the artist or group's career. They are aimed at fans who liked a few of their songs or singles, but not enough to buy an artist's entire catalog as well as potential new fans who want to sample the most famous work of an artist or group with just one purchase.Fact|date=October 2008
Some bands refuse to release a greatest hits album, notably
AC/DCand Metallica. Manic Street Preachersinitially refused to do a greatest hits, but in the end " Forever Delayed" was released. Radioheadalso refused to do such a compilation, but upon their departure from Parlophone Records, was released without their cooperation [ [http://www.pitchforkmedia.com/article/news/49686-radiohead-ibest-ofi-details-revealed Pitchfork: Radiohead Best Of Details Revealed ] ] . Also, the country musicstar Garth Brookslong opposed the release of a greatest hits collection, but agreed to it in 1994 [Google Music. [http://www.google.com/musicl?lid=1WWwY72WaNP&aid=5Ymj7YP1C6C Garth Brooks: The Hits] . Accessed 31 December 2007.] but only for a limited time (his release, "The Hits" was quickly deleted, but not until selling well over ten million copies).
Greatest hits collections can also boost a falling music career.
The Beautiful South's first Greatest Hits album, " Carry on up the Charts", was originally strongly opposed by the band. However, upon release it became one of the fastest selling albums in chart history. [ [http://www.mtv.com/music/artist/beautiful_south/artist.jhtml The Beautiful South : Full Biography] Retrieved on 2007-06-17]
The difference between a Greatest Hits album and a Best Of album is in the title. An artist who has had multiple hit singles can take the biggest of their hits and release them under the 'Greatest Hits' banner, whereas an artist who has had few or no hits can release a 'Best Of' album - the title suggesting that this is the best of their work. Regardless, even a band with few hits will still title their compilation "Greatest Hits".
During the 1980s however, the title started to become unfashionable and artists began releasing compilations under completely new titles, such as
Bryan Adams' "So Far So Good".
In 2005, some greatest hits albums became ridiculed because many young "pre-mature" artists were releasing them. The likes of
Hilary Duff, 'N Syncand Mandy Moorereleased greatest hits albums though they might have had only a handful of hit singles in their short careers [ MSNBC: [http://msnbc.msn.com/id/8988681/ Greatest-hits albums, now minus the hits] . AP. Aug 26, 2005. Retrieved 27 Oct 2007.] . This is not, however, a new phenomenon: Kenny Rogersand The First Edition, for example, issued "Greatest Hits" in 1971, three years after their first top 40 pop hit. Ringo Starrissued his greatest hits album, " Blast From Your Past", after a mere four solo albums in the 1970s, while Jason Donovanhad a hits album out in 1991, only two years after he debuted, Ayumi Hamasaki, a Japanese pop star, released her first best album, " A Best" only 3 years after her debut, and despite only having 3 albums and 7 singles, Ol' Dirty Bastardreleased "" after two albums and three singles. Cockney Rejects, Mrs. Miller, Alien Ant Farm, and Graveyard BBQhave had "Greatest Hits" as the title of their respective debut albums. Welsh rappers Goldie Lookin' Chainalso did this, however this was only a half-joke as they had already released a number of albums locally, the songs of their first album on general release being taken from these previous albums.
A few artists also feel that their individual songs should ideally be listened to in context of the other songs in their original albums, and taking out simply the greatest hits of that context would diminish all the work put into the album as a whole.
Another criticism has been including one or two new songs with a package of hits. This trend started in the early 1980s, and made it necessary for collectors to purchase the "greatest hits" album if they wished to have the complete catalog of an artist's songs, even if those collectors owned all the albums containing the pre-existing hits. Often these new songs were commercial failures and thus the moniker "greatest hits" was devalued. This isn't nearly as big of an issue in the current day and age, since once can use digital music downloading services to purchase the one or two tracks unique to the compilation without having to buy the entire compilation.
Gaming and television
A recent trend is for television shows to release greatest hits DVDs as a way to get new viewers interested in the show. Two examples of this are the
Family Guy's "Freakin' Sweet Collection" and " South Park: The Hits". Games for Sony's PlayStationthat have sold over a certain number are re-released under its "Greatest Hits" banner.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
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