Schlosswache mit Lambertikirche.jpg
Coat of arms of Oldenburg
Oldenburg is located in Germany
Coordinates 53°08′38″N 8°12′50″E / 53.14389°N 8.21389°E / 53.14389; 8.21389Coordinates: 53°08′38″N 8°12′50″E / 53.14389°N 8.21389°E / 53.14389; 8.21389
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Urban district
City subdivisions 42 Stadtteile und 9 statistische Bezirke
Lord Mayor Gerd Schwandner (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 102.96 km2 (39.75 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m  (13 ft)
Population 162,173 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 1,575 /km2 (4,080 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate OL
Postal codes 26001–26135
Area code 0441
Website www.oldenburg.de

Oldenburg (Low German: Ollnborg) is an independent city in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated in the western part of the state between the cities of Bremen and Groningen, Netherlands, at the Hunte river. It has a population of 160,279 (as of 2008) which makes it the fourth biggest city in Lower Saxony after Hanover, Braunschweig and Osnabrück. In German, the city is known officially as Oldenburg (Oldenburg) or Oldenburg (Oldb) to distinguish it from Oldenburg in Holstein.



The town was first mentioned in 1108, at that time known under the name of Aldenburg. It became important due to its location at a ford of the navigable Hunte River. Oldenburg became the capital of the County of Oldenburg (later a Duchy, Grand Duchy and Free State), a small state in the shadow of the much more powerful Hanseatic city of Bremen.[2]

In the 17th century, Oldenburg was a wealthy town in a time of war and turmoil and its population and power grew considerably. In 1667, the town was struck by a disastrous plague epidemic and, shortly after, a fire destroyed Oldenburg. The Danish kings, who were also counts of Oldenburg at the time, were not much interested in the condition of the town and it lost most of its former importance. In 1773, Danish rule ended. It was only then that the destroyed buildings in the city were rebuilt in a Classicist style.[2]

In 1945 after World War II, Oldenburg grew to more than 100,000 inhabitants when refugees migrated into the city only 1.4% of which had been destroyed during World War II.[3] In 1946, Oldenburg became part of the new German Land of Lower Saxony.


Historical population of Oldenburg
1667 1702 1769 1816 1828 1837 1855 1871
~ 4,300 ~ 5,000 6,959 6,278 6,800 9,280 11,370 13,928

Points of interest

Economy and infrastructure


Oldenburg Castle
Oldenburg castle (used as a museum today)

The city centre of Oldenburg is surrounded by a ring of freeways (Autobahnen) consisting of A28, A29 and A293. Oldenburg is at the intersection of railway lines between Norddeich-Leer-Oldenburg-Bremen and Wilhelmshaven-Oldenburg-Osnabrück with InterCity services to Berlin, Leipzig and Dresden and InterCityExpress services to Frankfurt and Munich.

Oldenburg is connected to shipping through the Küstenkanal, a ship canal connecting the rivers Ems and Weser. With 1.6 million tons of goods annually, it is the most important non-coastal harbour in Lower Saxony.

Bicycles play a very important part in personal transport.

Because of its close proximity to the city of Bremen, the city is only about half an hour drive from the Bremen Airport.


  • Nordwest-Zeitung, daily newspaper for the region
  • Oldenburger Sonntagszeitung, Sunday newspaper
  • Huntereport, published on Wednesdays and Sundays
  • Mox, fortnightly information magazine
  • Oldenburger Stachel, alternative monthly newspaper
  • sisol, school information
  • Oldenburg Eins, local semi-open TV and Radio station


  • Carl von Ossietzky University, founded 1973 and named after Carl von Ossietzky
  • Jade Fachhochschule (University of Applied Sciences), founded 1971 as Fachhochschule Oldenburg, 2000−2009: joined with several others Universites of Applied Sciences to the "Fachhochschule Oldenburg/Ostfriesland/Wilhelmshaven"
  • RAB-Bildungszentrum für moderne Medien (University of modern Media)
  • Gymnasium Graf-Anton-Guenther School
  • Wirtschaftsgymnasium Oldenburg
  • Liebfrauenschule Oldenburg
  • Herbartgymnasium Oldenburg
  • Altes Gymnasium Oldenburg
  • Neues Gymnasium Oldenburg
  • Gymnasium Eversten
  • IGS Flötenteich
  • Helene Lange Schule Oldenburg (IGS)
  • Realschule Hochheider Weg
  • Real - und Hauptschule Osternburg
  • Realschule Ofenerdiek


The city is in a largely agricultural area. There are farms near and even in the city. Common agricultural activities are the cultivation of livestock (especially dairy cows and other grazing animals) and crops such as asparagus, corn, and kale.


  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsfortschreibung" (in German). Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen. 31 December 2009. http://www1.nls.niedersachsen.de/statistik/html/parametereingabe.asp?DT=K1000014&CM=Bev%F6lkerungsfortschreibung. 
  2. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainAnonymous (1911). "Oldenburg". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 72. http://www.archive.org/stream/encyclopdiabri20chis#page/72/mode/2up. 
  3. ^ Ulrich Schneider: Niedersachsen 1945, p. 95. Hannover 1985

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oldenburg — ist der Name folgender geographischer Objekte: Landschaften und Territorien: Oldenburg (Land), ehemaliges Land (Grafschaft, Herzogtum, Großherzogtum, Freistaat Oldenburg) Samtamt Oldenburg, ehemaliges vom Fürstbistum Paderborn und der Grafschaft… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg — • A grand duchy, one of the twenty six federated states of the German Empire. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Oldenburg     Oldenburg      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Oldenburg S 3 — DRG Class 13.18 Number(s): 151–154, 160, 161 DRG 13 1801–1806 Quantity: 6 Manufacturer: Hanoma …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg S 10 — DRG Class 16 Number(s): GOE Berlin , München , Dresden DRG 16 001–003 Quantity: 3 Manufacturer: Hanomag Year(s) of manufacture: 1917 Retired: 1926 Wheel arrangement: 2 6 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg G 1 — Number(s): 46 Manufacturer: Krauss inter alia Year(s) of manufacture: 1867–1877 Retired …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg T 2 — DRG Class 98.1 Number(s): DRG 98 101–137 Quantity: 38 Manufacturer: Hanomag Year(s) of manufacture: 1896–1913 Retired: 1931 Wheel arrangement: 0 4 0 Axle arrangement …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg P 4.1 — DRG Class 36.12 Number(s): 36 1201–19 Quantity: 19 Year(s) of manufacture: 1896–1902 Wheel arrangement: 4 4 0 Axle arrangement: 2 B n2 Type: P 24 Gauge …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg S 5 — DRG Class 13.18 Number(s): DRG 13 1851–1861 Quantity: 11 Manufacturer: Hanomag Year(s) of manufacture: 1909 1913 Retired: 1927 Wheel arrangement: 4 4 0 Axle arrangem …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg P 4.2 — DRG Class 36.12 Number(s): DRG 36 1251 1258 Quantity: 8 Manufacturer: Hanomag Year(s) of manufacture: 1907 1909 Retired: 1929 Wheel arrangement: 4 4 0 Axle arr …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg G 4.2 — DRG Class 53.10 Number(s): DRG 53 1001–1003, 1051–1058 Quantity: 27 Manufacturer: Hanomag Year(s) of manufacture: 1895 1909 Retired: 1927 Wheel arrangement: 0 6 0 …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg G 7 — DRG Class 55.62 Wheel arrangement: 0 8 0 Axle arrangement: D n2v Service weight: 58.6 t Adhesive weight: 58.6 t Top speed: 45 km/h Driving wheel diameter: 1,350 mm …   Wikipedia