- Uruguay River
The Uruguay River (in Spanish, "Río Uruguay", pronounced|uɾuˈɣwaj; in Portuguese, "Rio Uruguai", IPA| [uɾuˈgwaj] ) is a
riverin South America. It flows from north to south and makes boundary with Brazil, Argentinaand Uruguay, separating some of the Argentine provinces of the Mesopotamia from the other two countries. It passes between the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sulin Brazil; forms the eastern border of the provinces of Misiones, Corrientes and Entre Ríos in Argentina; and makes up the western borders of the departments of Artigas, Salto, Paysandú, Río Negro, Soriano and Colonia in Uruguay.
The river measures about 1,500 km in length and starts in the Serra do Mar (Brazil), at coord|27|10|S|53|50|W|, where the Canoas River and the Pelotas River are joined, at about 200 m
above mean sea level. In this stage the river goes through uneven, broken terrain, forming rapids and falls. Its course through Rio Grande do Sul is not navigable.
Together with the
Paraná River, the Uruguay forms the Río de la Plata estuary. It is navigable from around Salto Chico. Its main tributaryis the Río Negro, which is born in the south of Brazil and goes through Uruguay 500 km until its confluence with the Uruguay river, which is located 100 km north from the Uruguay's confluence with the Río de la Plata, in Punta Gorda (Colonia Department, Uruguay).
The river is crossed by four international bridges (from north to south):
Paso de los Libres-Uruguaiana International Bridge, between Argentina and Brazil; and the Salto Grande Bridge, General Artigas Bridgeand Libertador General San Martín Bridgebetween Argentina and Uruguay.
The basin of the Uruguay River has an area of 370,000 km². Its main economic use is the generation of
hydroelectricity(see Salto Grande Dam).
Origin of the name
The name of the river comes from the Spanish settlers' interpretation of the word the locals used to designate it. The original name, "Urugua'ý", in Guaraní, means "river of the painted birds".
Cellulose plant conflict
Argentina and Uruguay are currently experiencing a conflict over the Uruguay River. Two European companies proposed to build
cellulose-processing plants at Fray Bentos, Uruguay, opposite Gualeguaychú, Argentina. Since April 2005, residents of the latter as well as many others have protested, claiming that the plants will pollute the river shared by the two countries. At the turn of the year the conflict escalated into a diplomatic crisis, making one of the companies move the project 250 km south. Since December 2005, the international bridges linking the Argentine province of Entre Ríos with Uruguay have been intermitently blockaded by Argentine protestors, causing major disruptions in commercial traffic and tourism.
List of rivers of the Americas
* [http://www.oni.escuelas.edu.ar/olimpi98/Energia-Vs-Ambiente/salto.htm Salto Grande Hydroelectric System] (in Spanish)
* [http://www.reservas.net/alojamiento_hoteles/uruguay_touristinformation.htm About Uruguay] (in English Spanish)
* [http://www.redargentina.com/comun/curiosidades/uruguay/index.asp Trivia about Uruguay] (in Spanish)
* [http://www.ppl.nl/index.php?option=com_wrapper&view=wrapper&Itemid=82 Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law] Peace Palace Library
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Uruguay River — River, southeastern South America. Rising in southern Brazil, it forms the border between Argentina and Brazil and between Argentina and Uraguay. Above Buenos Aires, it combines with the Paraná River to form the great estuary of the Río de la… … Universalium
Uruguay River — river, SE South America; 1,000 mi. long … Webster's Gazetteer
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