- South Benfleet
infobox UK place
country = England
region= East of England
official_name= South Benfleet
South Benfleet is a town in the
Castle Pointdistrict of Essex, 30 miles east of London. The Benfleet post townincludes South Benfleet, Thundersleyand Hadleigh. It is located north of Canvey Islandand is served by Benfleet railway station. It is home to the South Benfleet Primary School, which was used temporarily to house local residents during the widespread flooding of 1953.
The name of the town originates from the time of the Saxon settlers in the 5th Century, when the area was largely marshland. They named the area "Beamfleote", meaning "tree stream", being the area where the
creeks from the River Thamesadjoined the wooded area to the north.
The current spelling was adopted at the time the railway service was brought to the area and a railway station built for the town. Throughout the intervening period various documented versions of the names has been 'Benfleota', 'Beamflet', 'Bemflet', 'Bienflet' and 'Bemfleet'. The last was used on
John Norden's maps in the 17th Century.
In Roman times the reclaimed area which is now Canvey Island was joined to the interior of
Britanniaby the empire's ubiquitous road system. This provided access from Benfleet to Camulodunum( Colchester) and Londinium( London). The A130 road from Saddler's Farm roundabout to Canvey Island follows the route of the original Roman road. Its construction in 1971 brought to light a number of artefacts dating back to the early settlements in the area.
axon and Viking
In Saxon times the village became known as South Benfleet when a new settlement, which became known as Little Benfleet, developed to the north of the original settlement. The new settlement did not last, and its site, which has since become known as North Benfleet, is now largely rural.
The Battle of Benfleet took place between the Vikings and Saxons in
894. This was towards the end of the Saxon period, and the Thames and other waterways made the area vulnerable to Viking attacks. Benfleet was used as a Viking base. However the Vikings were defeated in the battle by the army of King Alfredunder the command of his son Edward the Elderand his son-in-law Earl Aethelred of Mercia. Subsequently a church was built by the Saxons in thanksgiving for the victory over the Vikings. St Mary's church is the most recent church building occupying this site.
The railway was brought to the town in 1855. The new South Benfleet railway station connected the town with
Southend-on-Seato the east and London Fenchurch Street station.
In July 2002 Castle Point District Council named a 6-mile cycle way, from near Benfleet railway station to near Leigh-on-Sea railway station, the "de Neumann Way" after Captain Peter de Neumann, GM.
Since the abolition of the
Benfleet Urban Districtin the Local Government Act 1972, South Benfleet, along with Canvey Island, Hadleigh, and Thundersleyhas formed the parliamentary constituencyand local government districtand borough of Castle Point. As of 2008, the Member of Parliamentrepresenting Castle Point is Bob Spinkof the United Kingdom Independence Party. South Benfleet is represented within Castle Point Borough Council by nine councillors from the wards of Appleton, St. Mary, and Boyce.
Benfleet is served by the London, Tilbury and Southend railway line, currently run by
c2crail. By road the A13 and A12/A127/A130 connect the town to London.
Church of Englandin Benfleet is served by the parish church of Saint Mary. The public houses located in the Monument and St Mary's area of the town include "The Anchor", "The Hoy and Helmet" and the "Half Crown". Further north is the "Benfleet Tavern". There are also a range of restaurants in the South Benfleet conservation area.
South Benfleet is the home of Sceptre League Division 1 side Benfleet FC.
It is also host to a number of youth teams and has done over the years
*Norman M. Chisman, D.P.A., "Bygone Benfleet", Phillimore, 1991
* [http://www.benfleetcc.co.uk/home/default.aspx Benfleet Cricket Club]
* [http://www.stmarybenfleet.co.uk St Mary's Church]
* [http://www.sceptreleague.co.uk Sceptre League]
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Look at other dictionaries:
South Benfleet — Original name in latin South Benfleet Name in other language Benfleet, South Benfleet State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.55295 latitude 0.55962 altitude 10 Population 48824 Date 2010 08 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Benfleet — may refer to:*South Benfleet, a town in the borough of Castle Point, Essex, England *North Benfleet, a village in the Basildon district of Essex *Benfleet Urban District, a former Urban District in Essex *Benfleet railway station … Wikipedia
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