imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Entrance to the
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Anyang is highlighted on this map
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption = Location in China
pushpin_mapsize = 250
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Province
area_total_km2 = 7355
timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
latd=36 |latm=06 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=114 |longm=20 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type =Postal Code
blank_info =¥21.35 billion (1996)
blank1_name =Major Nationalities
blank2_name =County-level divisions
website = http://www.anyang.gov.cn
Anyang (zh-stp|s=安阳|t=安陽|p=Ānyáng) is a
prefecture-level cityin Henanprovince, People's Republic of China. The northernmost city in Henan, Anyang borders Puyangto the east, Hebiand Xinxiangto the south, and the provinces of Shanxiand Hebeito its west and north respectively.
prefecture-level cityof Anyang administers 4 districts, 1 county-level cityand 4 counties.
Xiaonanhai, on the far western edge of the city, was home to prehistoric cavemen during the Stone Age. Over 7,000 artifacts (including stone tools and animal bone fossils) have been unearthed here representing what has been dubbed the " Xiaonanhai culture".cite web |url = http://www.chinahotelsreservation.com/China_Anyang_travel.html |title = Anyang Tour Guide |accessdate = August 4 |accessdaymonth = |accessmonthday = |accessyear = 2007 |author = |last = |first = |authorlink = |coauthors = |date = |year = |month = |format = |work =|publisher = chinahotelsreservation.com |pages = |doi = |archiveurl = |archivedate = |quote = ]
Around 2000 BC the legendary sage-kings
Zhuanxuand Emperor Kuare said to have established their capitals in the area around Anyang from where they ruled their kingdom. Their mausoleums are today situated in Sanyangvillage south of Neihuang County.cite web |url = http://www.chinahotelsreservation.com/China_Anyang_travel.html |title = Renny Harlin |accessdate = August 4 |accessdaymonth = |accessmonthday = |accessyear = 2007 |author = |last = |first = |authorlink = |coauthors = |date = |year = |month = |format = |work =|publisher = chinahotelsreservation.com |pages = |doi = |archiveurl = |archivedate = |quote = ]
At the beginning of the 14th century BC King
Pangengof the Shang Dynastyestablished his capital 2km north of the modern city on the banks of the Huan River. The city, known as Yin, was the first stable capital in Chinese history and from that point on the dynasty that founded it would become known as the Yin Dynasty.
The capital served 12 kings in 8 generations, including
Wu Dingunder whom the dynasty reached the zenith of its power, until it was wiped out along with the dynasty that founded it by King Wu of the Zhou Dynastyin BC 1046.
Anyang's Tangyin County was the seat of
Yue Village, birth place of the famous Song DynastyGeneral Yue Fei. This was also the historic home of Zhou Tong, yue's military arts tutor (though fictional sources place him in Shaanxi).
The contemporary Anyang was constructed in
1368AD during the Ming Dynasty.
Anyang's opening to the outside world has enabled its foreign economic relations and trade progress rapidly. Sixteen foreign-funded enterprises (
joint ventures, cooperative enterprises and wholly foreign-owned enterprises) have been established. Recently, Anyang has established an economic and technological development zone covering a total area of 22.8 square kilometers and issued a series of preferential policies to attract many domestic Chinese and foreign businesses. A multichannel, all-round foreign relations and trade network have been set up to lay a foundation for developing Anyang's economy.
Anyang City is an ancient city with a history of over 3,000 years and is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China. It is one of the key birthplaces of Chinese ancient culture. Here are the primitive caves of 25,000 years ago, the overlapping
stratums of the Yangshao Culture, Longshan Cultureand Xiaotun Culture, the memorial mausoleums of ancient Emperor Zhuanxuand Emperor Kuover 4,000 years ago, the first library of inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, the Soul Spring Templeknown as the "First Ancient Buddhist Temple in Henan", and 10,000-Buddha Ravine, as well as unique Wenfeng Pagoda, Xiuding Temple Pagodaand Mingfu Temple Pagoda. Anyang also has beautiful natural scenery -- the Taihang Linlu Hill Scenic Areaon the 400-kilometer Taihang Mountainsand the grand 1,500-kilometer Red Flag Canal.
Tianning Si (Mansion Temple) was established during the
Zhou dynastyand has recently been restored by the Protection and Research Institute of Ancient Architecture of Anyang City and opened to the public. Main structures within the temple compound include; the gate house, the 3 room (8.4m x 14m) Hall of the Heavenly King with hanging-eaves over the gables rebuilt in 2002,cite news | first = | last = | authorlink = | author = | coauthors = | title = Hall of the Heavenly King | url = | format = | work = | publisher = Tianning Temple | pages = | page = | date = | accessdate = | quote = The Hall, an architecture of hanging-eaves over the gables, has a space of 3 rooms with a length of 14m, a width of 8.4m and a height of 9.6m. It was designed and rebuilt on the site by the Protection and Research Institute of Ancient Architecture of Anyang City in 2002. ] the slightly larger (17.8m x 11.65m) Precious Hall of the Great Hero with single-eave gabled roof originally from the Qing dynastyand rebuilt in 2001,cite news | first = | last = | authorlink = | author = | coauthors = | title = Precious Hall of the Great Hero | url = | format = | work = | publisher = Tianning Temple | pages = | page = | date = | accessdate = | quote = The Precious Hall of the Great Hero, Tianning Temple, The Precious Hall of the Great Hero, as architecture of single-eave and gabled roof, is 11.65 meters’ long and 17.8 meters’ wide. Rebuilt in the 25th year of Qianlong in Qing Dynasty. Thoroughly restored by the Protection and Research Institute of Ancient Architecture of Anyang City in 2001. ] and the Wenfeng Pagoda.
Wenfeng Ta (Literature Peak Pagoda) on the grounds of the Tianning Temple is believed to have been constructed in
925and is known, from inscriptions concerning the reconstruction of the temple, to have been in place by 952. The current pagoda was constructed during the Ming Dynastyand got its current name during the Qing Dynastydue to its proximity to the Confucian temple. The five-story dark red brick octagonal tower is 38.65m high and unusually is larger at the top than the bottom and is topped with a 10m Lamaist stupa-style dagoba steeple. The pagoda stands on two-metre-high stone pedestal and is decorated with multi-eave pent roofs and carvings of Buddhas and bodhisattvas. The unique pagoda is the symbol of Anyang.cite web |url = http://www.chinahotelsreservation.com/China_Anyang_travel.html |title = Anyang Tour Guide |accessdate = August 4 |accessdaymonth = |accessmonthday = |accessyear = 2007 |author = |last = |first = |authorlink = |coauthors = |date = |year = |month = |format = |work =|publisher = chinahotelsreservation.com |pages = |doi = |archiveurl = |archivedate = |quote = ]
Located about 2 km northwest of Anyang are the ruins of the
Shang Dynastycapital known as Yin. This massive archaeological site was discovered in 1899, excavated in the decades that followed and first opened to the public in the 1980s as the Garden Museum of Yinxu. The current museum was opened on 16 March 2005and includes the famous Tomb of Fu Hao. The site is inscribed on the UNESCOlist of World Heritage Sites.
Historical capitals of China
* [http://www.anyang.gov.cn Government website of Anyang] (in Simplified Chinese)
* [http://www.HandanDaily.com Visit Anyang]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Anyang — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Anyang 安阳 Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Anyang — bezeichnet: Anyang (Ethnie), eine Ethnie in Westkamerun; Anyang (Henan) (安陽市 / 安阳市), eine bezirksfreie Stadt in der chinesischen Provinz Henan; Anyang (Kreis)(安阳县), einen in deren Gebiet gelegen Kreis; Anyang (Südkorea), eine Stadt in Südkorea … Deutsch Wikipedia
Anyang — Pour l’article homonyme, voir Anyang (Corée du Sud). Ānyáng · 安阳 … Wikipédia en Français
Anyang — 1 Original name in latin Anyang Name in other language AYN, An Duong, An Dng, An jan, An jang, An jang, An yang hsien, Anjan, Anjang, Anjangas, Anyang, Chang te, Changte fu, Changteh, Changten, Zhangde, an yang shi, an yang si, anyangh, Аньян,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Anyang — /ahn yahng /, n. Pinyin, Wade Giles. a city in N Henan province, in E China: site of the ancient city of Yin, the center of the Shang dynasty, dated c1350 1027 B.C. 225,000. Also, An yang. * * * ▪ China Wade Giles romanization An yang … … Universalium
Anyang — I Anyang, Anjang, früher Changte, Stadt in der Provinz Henan, China, 350 000 Einwohner; Wirtschaft: Eisen und Stahl , Textil , Lebensmittelindustrie; Kohlebergbau in der Nähe. … Universal-Lexikon
Anyang-si — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Anyang si Country and Admin Code KR.13.1846894 KR … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Anyang — geographical name 1. city E China in N Henan population 480,668 2. city NW South Korea population 361,577 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Anyang — ► C. de Corea del Sur, al NO del país; 480 668 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Anyang — An•yang [[t]ˈɑnˈyɑŋ[/t]] n. pin ara geg a city in N Henan province, in E China: site of the ancient city of Yin, the center of the Shang dynasty. 420,332 … From formal English to slang