Cloth merchant

Cloth merchant
Cloth Merchant's Shop, Brooklyn Museum

Cloth merchant is, strictly speaking, like a draper, the term for any vendor of cloth. However, it is generally used for one who owned and/or ran a cloth (often wool) manufacturing and/or wholesale import and/or export business in the Middle Ages or 16th and 17th centuries. A cloth merchant might additionally have owned a number of draper's shops.

In England, cloth merchants might be members of one of the important trade guilds, such as the Worshipful Company of Drapers.

An alternative name is a clothier, but that tends to refer more to some one who organised the production and sale of cloth, whereas a cloth merchant would be more concerned with distribution, including overseas trade.

The largely obsolete term merchant tailor also describes a business person who trades in textiles. In England, the term is best known in the context of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors, a Livery Company of the City of London which is also a charitable institution known for its Merchant Taylors' schools. (The Company preserves the antiquarian spelling "taylor".)

Notable cloth merchants

See also

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Kendrick (cloth merchant) — Infobox Person name = John Kendrick residence = City of London other names = imagesize = 200px caption = Founder of this workhouse With permission from Mrs Elms, Head of Kendrick School birth name = birth date = 1573 birth place = Reading,… …   Wikipedia

  • merchant tailor — noun : a custom tailor who owns his business and supplies the fabrics he uses * * * merchant tailor noun A tailor who supplies the cloth for the clothes that he makes • • • Main Entry: ↑merchant * * * merchant tailor, a tailor who furnishes cloth …   Useful english dictionary

  • Merchant's mark — The merchant s mark of Thomas Horton, used on English woolens sent to Flanders …   Wikipedia

  • Merchant Taylors' Hall, London — The Merchant Taylors Hall, London is the seat of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors, one of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of the City of London surviving from Mediaeval times. The Company has occupied its present site between… …   Wikipedia

  • cloth — noun 1 material used for making clothes, curtains, etc. ADJECTIVE ▪ coarse, fine ▪ woven ▪ cotton, woollen/woolen ▪ a jacket made from woollen/woolen cloth …   Collocations dictionary

  • Merchant Adventurers — ▪ English history       company of English merchants who engaged in trade with the Netherlands (and later with northwest Germany) from the early 15th century to 1806. The company, chartered in 1407, principally engaged in the export of finished… …   Universalium

  • Merchant Taylors, Worshipful Company of — This company was granted its first charter in 1327. Its early wealth came from the making of tents and *acton. In time its power and influence increased as it acquired the authority to check measures of cloth at fairs and at places like Cheapside …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Merchant Taylors' Hall —    On the south side of Threadneedle Street at No. 30 (P.O. Directory).    First mention: Tailors Hall, 10 H. VIII. 1519 (L. and P. H. VIII. III. Pt. 2, p. 1534).    Stow says that it originally belonged to Edmond Crepin and was granted 6th Ed.… …   Dictionary of London

  • Thomas White (merchant) — Sir Thomas White (1492 – 12 February 1567) was an English cloth merchant, civic benefactor and founder of St John s College, Oxford.He was born in Reading, Berkshire, the son of William White, a clothier, and brought up in London. He was twice… …   Wikipedia

  • Company of Merchant Adventurers of London — The Company of Merchant Adventurers of London brought together London s leading overseas merchants in a regulated company, in the nature of a guild. Its members main business was the export of cloth, especially white (undyed) broadcloth. This… …   Wikipedia