- Lists of mountains
There are many notable lists of mountains around the world. Typically, a list of mountains becomes notable by first being listed or defined by an author or group (e.g.,
Sir Hugh Munrodefining the Munros in Scotland). This list then becomes a popular target for peak bagging, where a number of people attempt to climb all of the peaks in the list.
Alternatively, a list of mountains may become notable in the
mountaineeringcommunity as a challenge. An example of such a challenge list is the Seven Summitsdefined by Richard Bass.
Examples of notable lists of mountains are shown below.
Seven Summitsare the highest peaks on each continent, from the Vinson Massifin Antarcticato Everest in Asia.
Seven Second Summitsare the second highest peaks on each continent. Climber and writer Jon Krakauer, survivor of the 1996 Everest Disaster, argues that a true climber would find more reward in ascending these largely more technical, demanding climbs.
Eight-thousanders are the fourteen mountains over convert|8000|m|0|lk=on in height, all in the Himalayaand Karakoramranges in Asia.
*The Ultras are mountains worldwide that have a
relative heightof at least convert|1500|m|ft|0, regardless of location, absolute height or other merit.
*The Alpine four-thousanders are the 128 summits (82 'official summits' and 46 'lesser summits') of convert|4000|m|ft|0 or more in the
Alpsin France, Italyand Switzerlandas defined by the UIAA.
* The Pyrenean three-thousanders are the 129 summits of convert|3000|m|ft|0 or more in the
Pyreneesin Franceand Spainas defined by a UIAA-sponsored joint Franco-Spanish team.
The hills of Britain and Ireland are classified into a large number of lists for peak bagging purposes. Among the better-known lists are the following:
Munros: a selection of mountains in Scotlandover convert|3000|ft|m|1. The list was originally compiled by Sir Hugh Munro.
*The Corbetts: mountains in
Scotlandbetween convert|2500|ft|m|0 and convert|3000|ft|m|0, with a relative heightof at least convert|500|ft|m|1.
*The Marilyns: hills in the
British Islesthat have a relative height of at least convert|150|m|ft|0, regardless of distance, absolute height or other merit. There are currently 1554 Marilyns in Britain and 453 Marilyns in Ireland.
* The Wainwrights: the 214 fells in the English
Lake Districtthat have a chapter in one of Alfred Wainwright's " Pictorial Guides to the Lakeland Fells".
*The Hewitts: hills in England, Wales or Ireland over two thousand feet (609.6 m) high with a relative height of at least convert|30|m|ft|0.
4000 meter peaks of North America
4000 metre peaks of Canada
Popular peak-bagging challenges in the US include:
fourteeners of the Western United States(peaks with at least convert|14000|ft|m|1 of elevationand convert|300|ft|m|2 of topographic prominence), including:
California fourteeners, and
Mount Rainierin the State of Washington.
4000 meter peaks of the United States(peaks with at least convert|4000|m|ft|0|sp=us of elevationand convert|500|m|ft|0|sp=us of topographic prominence), including:
4000 meter peaks of Colorado,
4000 meter peaks of Alaska,
4000 meter peaks of California,
Gannett Peak, Grand Teton, Wind River Peak, Cloud Peak, and Francs Peakin the State of Wyoming,
Mauna Keaand Mauna Loain the State of Hawai'i,
Mount Rainierin the State of Washington,
Kings Peakin the State of Utah, and
Wheeler Peakin the State of New Mexico.
* The highest point in each of the 50 US states (ranging from convert|105.2|m|ft|0|sp=us to convert|6193.5|m|ft|0|sp=us in elevation).
* Several peakbagging sections of the
Sierra Club's Angeles Chapter maintain lists of notable peaks, and organize outings to climb them.
** The Sierra Peaks Section keeps a [http://angeles.sierraclub.org/sps/spslist.htm list of peaks] in the Sierra Nevada, and [http://angeles.sierraclub.org/peaks/sps/emblems.htm a series of emblems] (levels) for climbing a large number of them.
** The Desert Peaks Section climbs [http://angeles.sierraclub.org/dps/dpslist.htm peaks in deserts] of the Southwestern U.S. and Baja Mexico.
** The Hundred Peaks Section bags [http://angeles.sierraclub.org/hps/hpslist.htm all the 277 peaks] in Southern California over convert|5000|ft|m|1.
** The Lower Peaks Section keeps a [http://angeles.sierraclub.org/lpc/lpclist.htm list of 79 peaks] of Southern California shorter than convert|5000|ft|m|1.
* The 46 highest peaks in
New York's Adirondack Mountains(or rather, the list of 46 peaks once thought to be the highest. Successful completers are eligible for membership in the Adirondack Forty-Sixers)
* The 48 peaks over 4,000 feet (1,219 m) in the White Mountains of
* All peaks in
New Englandover convert|4000|ft|m|1.
* The highest 100 peaks in
* The highest 100 peaks in
* The "Fifty Finest" peaks in New England (those with the most
* All peaks in the
Catskill Mountainsover convert|3500|ft|m|1.Those who climb these, plus four of them a second time in winter, are eligible for membership in the Catskill Mountain 3500 Club.
Northeast 111: The White Mountain 48, the Adirondack 46 and 14 Mainepeaks, five in Vermontand two Catskill summits over convert|4000|ft|m|1.
Southern Sixers, or South Beyond 6000: all 40 peaks above convert|6000|ft|m|1. in the southern Appalachians, which are in either North Carolinaor Tennessee. Technically, there are more than forty convert|6000|ft|m|1 mountains in the Southern Appalachians, but the list does not include mountains with peaks that have restricted access.
* Varying just barely from the Southern Sixers are the East Beyond 6000: all 41 peaks above convert|6000|ft|m|1. east of the Mississippi. These include the 40 Southern Sixers, plus
Mount Washington (New Hampshire).
4000 meter peaks of México
Popular peakbagging challenges in Australia include:
* the "State 8": the highest peak in each of the 6 states and 2 territories (excluding Australia's external territories) -
Mount Kosciuszkoin New South Wales(convert|2228|m|ft|disp=/), Mount Bogongin Victoria (convert|1986|m|ft|disp=/), Bimberi Peakin the Australian Capital Territory(convert|1911|m|ft|disp=/), Mount Bartle Frerein Queensland(convert|1622|m|ft|disp=/), Mount Ossain Tasmania(convert|1617|m|ft|disp=/), Mount Zeilin the Northern Territory(convert|1531|m|ft|disp=/), Mount Woodroffein South Australia(convert|1435|m|ft|disp=/), and Mount Meharryin Western Australia(convert|1249|m|ft|disp=/).
* [http://dukenemesis.890m.com/files/peakbaggers.html A Peak Baggers Guide to Tasmania.] Lists a total of 412 of Tasmania's tallest peaks.
East Antarctic two-thousandersare the 29 summits of convert|2000|m|ft|0 or more in the East Antarctica Rangesin East Antarctica.
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