- Andalusian nationalism
Andalusian nationalism or Andalusian regionalism, sometimes referred as "Andalucismo" in Spanish, is the name given to the political movement in
Spainadvocating the recognition of Andalusian peopleas a "nation". It is considered to be represented primarily by the Andalusian Party[The Andalucista Party was originally known as "Partido Socialista de Andalucía" or Socialist Party of Andalusia (Not to be confused with the regional branch of PSOE, known as PSOE-A). It was born out of the "Asamblea Socialista of Andalucía" but later on it dropped the denomination "socialist" and veered to the political centre.] but there are also lesser political organisations that identify with Andalusian nationalism. Some political forces without parliamentary presence like "Nación Andaluza" and "Asamblea Nacional de Andalucía" may be found advocating independentism.
The predecessor of Andalusian nationalism is the peasant anarchism of 19th century. During the reign of
Isabella II of Spain, Andalusiawas a hotbed of anarchist insurgency. Later, these anarchist cores became protagonists in conflicts between local people and Madrid.
With the declaration of the
First Spanish Republicin 1873, various nationalist currents began to emerge in Andalusia. In 1883, an assembly gathered at Antequeradrafted a Constitutionstyling Andalusia as an autonomous republic inside a federal state ("República Andaluza o Estado libre o autónomo de Andalucía", in Spanish). [Article 1, Constitution for Andalusia, drafted by the "Asamblea de Antequera"] This constitution is known as "Constitución Federal de Antequera" [ El Mundo: "Especial "La España de las Autonomías" [http://www.el-mundo.es/especiales/2005/06/espana/estatutos_autonomia/estatutos/andalucia.html] ] The new Statute of Autonomy was approved by the Spanish parliament in 1981. [languageicon|es|Spanish The Statute of Autonomy for Andalusia was approved by "Ley Orgánica 6/1981, de 30 de diciembre, Estatuto de Autonomía para Andalucía", published in "Boletín Oficial del Estado" n. 9, 11 January 1982. As for "Decreto Ley 11/1978" a provisional Autonomous Government ("Junta de Andalucía preautonómica") had already been created.]
A proposal for the reform of the Statute of Autonomy for Andalusia was finalised by the Andalusian Parliament on May 2006. [languageicon|es|Spanish Parliament of Andalusia: "Proposal for the Reform of the Statute of Autonomy" [http://www.parlamentodeandalucia.es/webdinamica/portal-web-parlamento/pdf.do?tipodoc=bopa&id=14892] ] After being debated and posteriorly approved in the Spanish Parliament, the original wording of the statute was amended to define Andalusia as a "Nacionalidad" ("Historic Nationality"). This has led to severe criticism by the
Andalusist Partyand other political forces for falling short of the steps taken in the 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, where this territory defined itself as a "Nation".
The amended text was approved by both the
Senate of Spainand the Congress of Deputies of Spain [languageicon|es|Spanish "Proposal for the Reform of the Statute of Autonomy of Andalusia" [http://www.andaluciajunta.es/especiales/aj-nuevoestatuto-estatuto.html?idSeccion=1&idApartado=1] ] and was voted in referendum on February 18 2007. [languageicon|es|Spanish Orden PRE/3908/2006, de 22 de diciembre, por la que se da publicidad al Acuerdo de Consejo de Ministros por el que se autoriza la convocatoria del referéndum para la reforma del Estatuto de Autonomía de Andalucía [http://noticias.juridicas.com/base_datos/Vacatio/o3908-2006-pre.html] ]
Autonomous communities of Spain
Nationalities in Spain
* [http://www.partidoandalucista.org/historia.htm History of Andalucismo]
* [http://www.fundacionblasinfante.org/mblas.html Biography and thought of Blas Infante] , Blas Infante Memorial Fundation
Political Parties and Unions
* [http://www.partidoandalucista.org Andalucista Party] , in Spanish.
* [http://www.psa-andalucia.org Socialist Party of Andalusia] (refounded), in Spanish.
* [http://www.ana-andalucia.org "Asamblea Nacional de Andalucía"] , in Spanish.
* [http://usuarios.lycos.es/andalucia_2/ "Nación Andaluza"] , in Spanish.
* [http://www.nadir.org/nadir/initiativ/agp/spain1997/en/paper_andalusia.html Major standpoints of "Nación Andaluza"] (in English)
* [http://www.cut-bai.org/quees.htm CUT-BAI] , a nationalist trade union, in Spanish.
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