Nigel de Longchamps


Nigel de Longchamps

Nigel de Longchamps, also known as Nigel Wireker, (fl. c. 1190, died c. 1200), was an English satirist and poet of the late twelfth century, writing in Latin. He is known to have been a monk of Christ Church, Canterbury, from 1186 to 1193, and perhaps earlier (he claims to have met Thomas Becket, killed in 1170).

Contents

Works

Speculum stultorum

He is the author of the Speculum stultorum (A Mirror of Fools), a satire in Latin elegiac verse on the clergy and society in general. The hero is Burnellus, or Brunellus, a foolish ass, who goes in search of a means of lengthening his tail. Brunellus first visits Salernum to obtain drugs for this purpose. However, he loses these when attacked by a Cistercian monk with dogs. He then goes to Paris to study, but makes no progress there, being unable to remember the city's name after eight years of study. He then decides to join a religious order, but instead founds a new one by taking the easiest parts from the rules of other orders. Finally, his master recaptures him.

The poem was immensely popular for centuries. Under the title "Daun Burnel the Asse" it is quoted by Chaucer in line 15328 of the "Nun's Priest's Tale."

Other works

Many other short Latin poems from a thirteenth-century manuscript are attributed to him, along with a prose treatise, Contra Curiales et Officinales Clericos. This treatise is an affectionate reproof to William Longchamp the Chancellor, in his role as Bishop of Ely. Wireker takes his intimate friend (possibly a relative) to task for attempting to combine Church with State.

Bibliography

  • Speculum Stultorum, ed. John H. Mozley and Robert R. Raymo (Berkeley, 1960) – critical edition of the Latin text
  • The Book of Daun Burnel the Ass: Nigellus Wireker's Speculum Stultorum, trans. Graydon W. Regenos (Austin, 1959) – English translation
  • A Mirror for Fools: The Book of Burnel the Ass, trans. John H. Mozley (Oxford, 1961) – English translation
  • Wright, The Anglo-Latin Satirical Poets (London, 1874)
  • Ward, Catalogue of Romances (London, 1883–93)

Notes

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nigel de Longchamps — Néel de Longchamps, alias en anglais Nigel Wireker, (fl. ca. 1190, † ca. 1200), est un auteur satirique et poète anglo normand de la fin du XIIe siècle, qui composait ses œuvres en latin. Il a été moine de Christ Church, de 1186 à 1193, et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Longchamps (Eure) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Longchamps (homonymie). 49° 21′ 43″ N 1° 37′ 34″ E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nigel — For other uses, see Nigel (disambiguation). Nigel Gender Male Origin Word/Name Niall > Njáll > Neel, Niel, Nihel > Nigellus > Nigel Region of origin Normandy, England …   Wikipedia

  • Canterbury Cathedral — Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Christ at Canterbury Canterbury Cathedral from the city entrance …   Wikipedia

  • 12th century in poetry — centuryinbox in?=in poetry cpa=11 cpb=th century c=12th century cn1=13th centuryEuropeEvents* Emergence of the troubadour, trouvère and minnesänger traditions, in the Occitan, Langues d oïl and Middle High German vernaculars respectivelyMajor… …   Wikipedia

  • Speculum literature — The medieval genre of speculum literature, popular from the twelfth through the sixteenth centuries, was inspired by the urge to encompass encyclopedic knowledge within a single work. The modern equivalent is a summary survey, in the sense of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Historia Scholastica — Pierre le Mangeur Pierre le Mangeur (Petrus Comestor)[1] est un théologien né à Troyes[2] vers 1110. L ouvrage de sa vie L Historia Scholastica est un recueil des histoires de la Bible destiné à accompagner les clercs itinérants pour leur fournir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Le Mangeur — Pierre le Mangeur Pierre le Mangeur (Petrus Comestor)[1] est un théologien né à Troyes[2] vers 1110. L ouvrage de sa vie L Historia Scholastica est un recueil des histoires de la Bible destiné à accompagner les clercs itinérants pour leur fournir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miroir (genre littéraire) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Miroir (homonymie). Le miroir est un genre littéraire né au Moyen Âge, désignant des ouvrages destinés à conseiller son lecteur sur des questions morales. Les premiers exemples du genre remontent au IXe siècle,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petrus Comestor — Pierre le Mangeur Pierre le Mangeur (Petrus Comestor)[1] est un théologien né à Troyes[2] vers 1110. L ouvrage de sa vie L Historia Scholastica est un recueil des histoires de la Bible destiné à accompagner les clercs itinérants pour leur fournir …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.