National Emblem of the People's Republic of China


National Emblem of the People's Republic of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
Details
Armiger People's Republic of China
Adopted September 20, 1950
Escutcheon Gules, a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate of the Forbidden City from the Tiananmen Square in Beijing in base and five mullets in chief. An outer disc is a sheaves of wheat and the inner sheaves of rice and a cog-wheel At the center of the bottom portion of the border all or


The national emblem of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国国徽; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國國徽; pinyin: Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó guóhuī) contains a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate of the Forbidden City from the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, in a red circle. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag. The largest star represents the Communist Party of China, while the four smaller stars represent the four social classes as defined in Maoism. The emblem is described as being "Composed of patterns of the national flag."[1] These elements were described as

...The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution and the yellow color of the stars the golden brilliant rays radiating from the vast red land. The design of four smaller stars surrounding a bigger one signifies the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC)

—China Yearbook 2004[2]

The outer circle has a border that contains sheaves of wheat and the inner sheaves of rice reflecting the Maoist philosophy of an agricultural revolution. At the center of the bottom portion of the border is a cog-wheel that represents the industrial workers.

These elements together were designed to symbolise the revolutionary struggles of the Chinese people since the May Fourth Movement, and the coalition of the proletariats which succeeded in founding the People's Republic of China.

History

The emblem was designed by Liang Sicheng, a famous architect, in a competition held at the founding of the People's Republic of China with obvious similarities to the symbols used by the USSR. It was determined as the national emblem on September 20, 1950, by the Central People's Government.

See also

References


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