- The Southern Star (observation wheel)
The Southern Star
The Southern Star prior to its 2009 closure
General information Status Dismantled for major repairs Type Ferris wheel Location Melbourne Docklands Coordinates Coordinates: Construction started 30 June 2006 Completed 2008 Renovated 2009-2011 Cost A$100 million Height 120 m (394 ft) Design and construction Owner ING Real Estate Main contractor Hansen Yuncken Architect Sanoyas Hishino Meisho Developer Alfasi Group
The Southern Star is a currently nonoperational Ferris wheel in the Waterfront City precinct at Melbourne Docklands in Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. It is 120 m (394 ft) tall, the equivalent of a forty storey building. It opened in December 2008, but then closed the following month due to structural defects, and was subsequently dismantled for major repairs. Reconstruction began in January 2011.
World Tourist Attractions submitted a proposal[when?] to the Commonwealth Government for the acquisition of the land and assets on the site from ING Real Estate, however ING Real Estate were still the owners of the wheel in January 2011.
The outer ring of the wheel was completed on 1 March 2008. The passenger pods arrived onsite on 10 June 2008 for installation. By 20 October 2008, the pods were receiving their fit out. An opening date of 28 November 2008 was set only to be postponed due to delays in procuring parts and bad weather. The wheel opened on 20 December 2008.
In January 2009, approximately one month after its opening, the Southern Star observation wheel was shut down indefinitely after structural defects, including buckling and cracks, were detected. The operators initially blamed the 2009 Southeastern Australia heat wave for causing the damage. It was not known when the wheel would reopen.
Upon further investigation, engineers working on the wheel discovered the cracks were not caused by the heatwave but rather a problem in the original design. Fourteen cracks were found in the steel.
“ The Southern Star Observation Wheel was temporarily closed in January 2009. As a result of extensive design and technical reviews a conclusion was reached to build a new wheel. ”
Reconstruction work began in January 2011 with the delivery to Docklands of the first of the seven replacement spokes, manufactured by BMC, from the Latrobe Valley. In July 2011 the wheel was expected to be turning again by the end of the year. In October 2011 reconstruction was continuing, but no completion date had yet been confirmed.
The structure consists of 1,250 t (1,230 long tons; 1,380 short tons) of steel and 3.7 km (2.3 mi) of LED lighting. The supporting steel columns were manufactured in Tasmania by Alfasi Group, and the wheel structure was manufactured in the Greater Melbourne suburb of Dandenong.
The 21 5.7 m (19 ft) long and 3.7 m (12 ft) high air-conditioned enclosed capsules were imported from Sanoyas Hishino Meisho in Osaka, Japan. Each can accommodate up to 20 passengers, and provides extensive views of the city and Port Phillip bay and as far as Geelong.
- ^ Kelly, Jan (2006-05-30). "Work to spin Ferris wheel". Herald Sun. http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,19300554-2862,00.html. Retrieved 2008-10-25. [dead link]
- ^ Observation wheel at a turning point | Herald Sun
- ^ a b c "The Southern Star". The Southern Star. http://www.thesouthernstar.com.au/. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- ^ a b c Royall, Ian; Matt Johnston (2008-10-20). "Man seeks to propose to girlfriend in new Southern Star wheel". Herald Sun. http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,24520672-661,00.html. Retrieved 2008-10-25. [dead link]
- ^ a b Observation wheel at a turning point
- ^ Rennie, Reko (2008-10-27). "Melbourne's big wheel to open next month". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2008/10/27/1224955915134.html. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
- ^ Rennie, Reko (2008-12-19). "After the spin, Melbourne's wheel ready to turn". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/travel/after-the-spin-melbournes-wheel-ready-to-turn-20081219-721z.html. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
- ^ "Wheel Closure". The Southern Star. 2009-01-30. http://www.thesouthernstar.com.au/mediarelease.aspx?id=15. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- ^ Cooper, Mex (2009-02-02). "Heat Closes Melbourne's Southern Star". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/travel/travel-news/heat-closes-melbournes-southern-star-wheel-20090202-7v8r.html. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- ^ "Design fault to keep wheel shut". The Age. 2009-03-02. http://business.theage.com.au/business/design-fault-to-keep-ailing-wheel-shut-20090301-8lh8.html. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- ^ Southern Star Observation Wheel - Press Release
- ^ Southern Star Observation Wheel - Media Centre
- ^ Docklands attraction making wheel progress
- ^ Anger over Docklands' hotel plan
- ^ "The Southern Star Observation Wheel". The Southern Star. 2008-04-28. http://replay.waybackmachine.org/20080719084801/http://www.waterfrontcity.com.au/Home/tabid/56/mid/465/newsid465/40/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
Ferris wheels Fixed Ferris wheels Americas Asia Europe Southern Hemisphere
- Australia: Southern Star
Variations Transportable Ferris wheels
- Individual wheels: Roue de Paris
- Steiger Ferris Wheel
- Installations in Australia: Wheel of Brisbane
- Installations in Malaysia: Eye on Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur & Malacca)
- USA: Giant Wheel
- USA: Sky Whirl
- USA: Mickey's Fun Wheel
- Wonder Wheel
Venues hosting other major Ferris wheels Asia
- China: Jinjiang Action Park (Shanghai Ferris Wheel)
- Lake Tai (Star of Lake Tai)
- Iran: Mellat Park (Mashhad Ferris Wheel)
- South Korea: Kumdori Land (Polaris Tower)
Europe & Eurasia Proposed Ferris wheels
cancelled proposals, and those for which no completion date has been announced or whose original completion date has already passed, are shown in italics
Americas Asia Europe Related topics Designers, manufacturers, and operators Lists
- List of amusement parks
- List of amusement rides
- List of Ferris wheels
- List of Ferris wheels in Moscow
- Categories: Amusement rides
- Ferris wheels
- Proposed Ferris wheels
- Ferris wheels @ Wikimedia Commons
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