Krasnodar Krai


Krasnodar Krai

Infobox Russian federal subject
EnglishName=Krasnodar Krai
RussianName=Краснодарский край
Locator



LocatorMap



CoatOfArmsLink=Coat of arms of Krasnodar Krai


FlagLink=Flag of Krasnodar Krai
AnthemLink=Anthem of Krasnodar Krai
AdmCtrOrCapital=Administrative center
AdmCtrName=Krasnodar
FoundationDate=September 13, 1937
PoliticalStatus=Krai
PoliticalStatusLink=Krais of Russia
FederalDistrict=Southern
EconomicRegion=North Caucasus
CodeNumber=23
Area=76000
AreaRank=42nd
Population=5125221
PopulationRank=3rd
UrbanPopulation=53.5%
RuralPopulation=46.5%
LangLangs
LangList=Russian
HeadTitle=Head of Administration
HeadName=Alexander Tkachyov
PrimeTitle=First Deputy Head of Administration
PrimeName=Alexander Remezkov
Legislature=Legislative Assembly
ConstitutionType=Charter
ConstitutionName=Charter of Krasnodar Krai
Website=http://admkrai.kuban.ru/

Krasnodar Krai ( _ru. Краснода́рский край, "Krasnodarsky kray") is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District.

Geography

Krasnodar Krai encompasses the western part of the Forecaucasus and a part of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. Krasnodar Krai borders, clockwise from the west, Ukraine—from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch and the Sea of Azov—Russia's Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, and Georgia's breakaway republic of Abkhazia. The krai territory encompasses the Republic of Adygea. Krasnodar Krai's southern border is formed by what is left of Russia's Black Sea coast, with the most important port (Novorossiysk) and resort (Sochi) in this part of the country.

Geographically, the area is split by the Kuban River into two distinct parts. The southern, seaward third (historically known as Circassia) is the western extremity of the Caucasus range, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion; the climate is Mediterranean or, in the south-east, subtropical. The northern two-thirds lies on the Pontic Steppe and shares continental climate patterns. The largest lake is Abrau in the wine-making region of Abrau-Dyurso.

Time zone

Krasnodar Krai is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).

Administrative divisions

Demographics

"Population": 5,125,221 (2002 Census); 5,113,148 (1989 Census). The population of Krasnodar Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see" History of Cossacks"). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have lived in the region since at least the 18th century.

"Ethnic groups": The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:

A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire. [cite paper|url=http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/English/4-2.xls |title=National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation |accessdate=2006-07-20 |format=XLS |publisher=2002 Russian All-Population Census |date=2002]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

Birth Rate: 11.19 per 1000

Death Rate: 14.39 per 1000

Net Immigration: +7.1 per 1000

NGR: -0.32% per Year

PGR: +0.39% per Year

ee also

*Music of Krasnodar
*Governors of Krasnodar Krai

References

External links

* [http://eng.russ-yug.ru/section/krasnodar/ News and events of Krasnodar Krai]
* [http://www.russiakrasnodar.com/ Krasnodar Photographs]

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