:"For the Barnaul meteorite of 1904, see
Meteorite falls. For the bird, see barn owl."Infobox Russian city
Skyline=Barnaul Skyline 2007.jpg
CityDay=One of Sundays in August or September
Charter of Barnaul
Barnaul ( _ru. Барнау́л) is a city and the administrative center of
Altai Krai, Russia. Barnaul is situated in the southwest of the Siberian Federal Districton the Ob River. Population: 649,600 (2007 est.); 600,749 (2002 Census).
The city lies along the
Ob Riverin the West Siberian Plain. It is the closest major city to the Altai Mountainsto the south. Barnaul is also situated relatively close to the border with the countries of Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China.
The continental climate of Barnaul is defined by its geographical position at the southern end of the Siberian
steppe: it is subject to long, frigid winters, with an average of -17.5 C/0 F in January, but also enjoys a short warm season in the summer with an average high of 19.8 C (68 F) in July. Temperatures can vary in the extreme, from -40 C (-40 F) in the winter to above 40 C (104 F) in the summer.
The climate is relatively dry. Average
rainfallin the area is 538 mm (21 in) per year, 75% of which occurs during the region's warmer season.
Barnaul was one of the earlier cities established in
Siberia. Originally chosen for its proximity to the mineral-rich Altai Mountains and its location on a major river, the site was founded by the wealthy Demidovfamily in the 1730s. In addition to the copper which had originally attracted the Demidovs, substantial deposits of silver were soon found as well. In 1747, the Demidovs' factories were taken over by the Crown, and soon became the major silver center of Russia.
By the 18th and early 19th centuries, 90% of Russian silver was produced in the Altai region. Barnaul was the site of the country's largest silver-smelting factory, and as production expanded, so did the population. In 1771, the once-small settlement acquired the status of a mining town that was one of the largest in Siberia.
By the 1900s, Barnaul had grown into a major center for trade and culture of the region, especially after the construction of the
World War II
Despite the fact that Barnaul was thousands of miles away from the actual fighting, hundreds of thousands of citizens from
Altai Kraiwere killed on the front during World War II. As there are in many Russian cities, a large Soviet memorial dedicated to those who died can be found in the city center.
Economically speaking, Barnaul benefited during the World War II period as a result of the relocation of major Soviet factories from the west of
Russiaand Ukraineto areas less likely to be overrun by enemy forces in Siberia.
As a legacy of this period, today Barnaul continues to be home to one of the largest ammunition factories in Russia.
Barnaul is an important industrial center in Western
Siberia. There are more than 100 industrial enterprises in the city, employing approximately 120 thousand people. Leading industries in the city work with dieseland carbon processing; as well as production of heavy machinery, tires, furniture and footwear. It is also home to a newly established diamondfaceting industry, which the city hopes will expand and become a major source of revenue in the future. Barnaul is currently one of the only locations in Russia which has an industry specializing in diamond-faceting.
The main business street of the city is Leninsky Prospect, which runs southwest from the Ob River through the center of the city. Thanks to the currently surging
Russian economy, a number of new high-end shopping centers have appeared in recent years to meet demand for products desired by the city's " nouveau riche". Another industry quickly changing the face of Barnaul's downtown area is the restaurant industry: while choices had been extremely limited until recently, a growing number of eating establishments catering to people of differing income levels are becoming available, coinciding with the upturn in the region's economy.
Barnaul is linked by air, railways, roads and riverboats with other parts of Russia. The city lies approximately km to mi|220 south of
Novosibirsk, the largest city in Siberia and the third-largest in Russia. It is at a junction of the Novosibirsk– Almatyand Biysktrain lines. There are also frequent buses to nearby cities Biyskand Gorno-Altaysk. It takes about four hours to reach the Altai Mountainsin the south by car along the Chuysky highway.
Barnaul airport is distant about an hour from the center of the city, which offers daily flights to and from
Moscowand Saint Petersburgamong other more local flights. Barnaul is approximately four hours by plane to Moscow, and slightly longer to Saint Petersburg. It also takes approximately four hours by plane to reach Vladivostokon the Pacific coast of Russia.
Any part of the city can be reached using public transport, whether one decides to use the city's many buses, trolleys, or taxis.
Education and culture
Barnaul is known as a Siberian scientific center. Five universities, including I. I. Polzunov
Altai State Technical University, Barnaul State Pedagogical University, Altai State Medical Universityand Altai State University, as well as 35 libraries are located there. It also has five theatres and three museums. The city's Museum of Local Lore was founded in 1823 and is one of the oldest museums in Siberia, displaying local artists' work as well as unique artifacts from the nearby Altairegion and more.
FC Dynamo Barnaulis a professional football club, founded in 1957. The club has recently advanced from the Russian Second Divisionto the Russian First Division.
*flagicon|United States Flagstaff,
Baicheng, People's Republic of China
Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, People's Republic of China (2007)
Images of Barnaul
Nagorny park, Barnaul
Tsentralny City District, Barnaul
* [http://www.barnaul.org Barnaul.org Official website of Barnaul]
* [http://www.wunderground.com/cgi-bin/findweather/getForecast?query=Barnaul%2c+Russia Weather in Barnaul]
* [http://www.suvenirograd.ru/geography.php?id=20&lang=2 Barnauls places of interest]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Barnaúl — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Барнаул Barnaúl Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Barnaul — Barnaul, 1) Kreis im russischen Gouvernement Tomsk an dem Kolywanschen Erzgebirge, am Ob, Irtysch u. dem See Telezkoi; 1851 77,720 Ew.; 2) Kreisstadt an der in den Ob fallenden Barnaulka; Sitz der altaischen Hüttenverwaltung, 6 Kirchen, 2… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Barnaūl — Barnaūl, Bezirk im russisch sibir. Gouv. Tomsk, 125,730 qkm groß mit (1897) 585,344 Einw. Der Bezirk wird vom Ob durchflossen, linkes Uferland ist die Baraba (s. d.), hier Kulundinsche Steppe genannt, während sich rechts Ebenen, Hügelland und… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Barnaul — Barnaūl, Kreisstadt im sibir. Gouv. Tomsk, am Ob, 29.850 E., Mittelpunkt des Bergbaus im Altai … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Barnaul — Barnaul, russ. Stadt im sibir. Gouvernement Tomsk am Obi, 10000 E., Hauport der Bergwerke im kleinen Altai; viele Schmelzöfen, Schmieden, Glashütten; Bergschule … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Barnaul — [bär΄nä o͞ol′] city in SC Russia, on the Ob River: pop. 596,000 … English World dictionary
Barnaul — Stadt Barnaul Барнаул Flagge Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Barnaul — Original name in latin Barnaul Name in other language BARNAUL, BAX, Barnaoel, Barnaoul, Barnauel, Barnaul, Barnaul Barnaul, Barnaul Барнаул, Barnaula, Barnaulas, Barnaulia, Barnauyl, Barnau Barnal, Barnal, Gorad Barnaul, Mparnaoul, ba er nao er,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Barnaul — /bahr neuh oohl /; Russ. /beuhrdd nu oohl /, n. the capital of the Altai territory in the Russian Federation, on the Ob River, S of Novosibirsk. 602,000. * * * ▪ Russia city and administrative centre, Altay kray (region), south central… … Universalium
barnaul — |bärnə|ül adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Barnaul, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Barnaul, Altai territory, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of the kind or style prevalent in Barnaul … Useful english dictionary