Stavropol Krai


Stavropol Krai
Stavropol Krai
Ставропольский край (Russian)
—  Krai  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: none
Coordinates: 45°03′N 43°16′E / 45.05°N 43.267°E / 45.05; 43.267Coordinates: 45°03′N 43°16′E / 45.05°N 43.267°E / 45.05; 43.267
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district North Caucasian[1]
Economic region North Caucasus[2]
Established January 10, 1934
Administrative center Stavropol
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Governor[3] Valery Gayevsky[4]
 - Legislature State Duma[3]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[5]
 - Total 66,500 km2 (25,675.8 sq mi)
Area rank 45th
Population (2010 Census)[6]
 - Total 2,786,084
 - Rank 14th
 - Density 41.9 /km2 (109 /sq mi)
 - Urban 57.15%
 - Rural 42.85%
Population (2002 Census)[7]
 - Total 2,735,139
 - Rank 16th
 - Density 41.13 /km2 (106.5 /sq mi)
 - Urban 56.0%
 - Rural 44.0%
Time zone(s) MSD (UTC+04:00)[8]
ISO 3166-2 RU-STA
License plates 26
Official languages Russian[9]
http://www.stavkray.ru/

Stavropol Krai (Russian: Ставропо́льский край, Stavropolsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). Its administrative center is the city of Stavropol. Population: 2,786,084 (2010 Census preliminary results).[10]

Contents

Geography

Stavropol Krai encompasses the central part of the Fore-Caucasus and most of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. It borders on Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, the Republic of Kalmykia, the Republic of Dagestan, the Chechen Republic, the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic.

Stavropol is traversed by the northeasterly lines of equal latitude and longitude.

Demographics

Population

According to the 2010 Census, the population of the krai is 2,786,084;[10] up from 2,735,139 recorded in the 2002 Census[7] and further up from 2,410,379 recorded in the 1989 Census.[11] The population of the krai is concentrated in the Kuban River and the Kuma River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have been settling here since at least the 18th century.

Ethnic groups

The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than 2,000 persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:

Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
2,231,759 Russians 81.6%
149,249 Armenians 5.46%
45,892 Ukrainians 1.68%
40,218 Dargins 1.47%
34,078 Greeks 1.25%
20,680 Nogais 0.76%
19,094 Roma people 1.47%
15,146 Karachay 0.55%
15,069 Azeris 0.55%
13,937 Turkmens 0.51%
13,208 Chechens 0.50%
12,988 Tatars 0.5%
8,047 Germans 0.28%
7,772 Ossetians 0.26%
7,484 Turks 0.26%
5,744 Kumyks 0.22%
3,902 Kazakhs 0.2%
3,300 Abazin 0.17%

A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.[12]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.22 per 1,000
  • Death Rate: 13.32 per 1,000
  • Net Immigration: +3.5 per 1,000
  • NGR: -0.21% per Year
  • PGR: +0.14% per Year

Administrative divisions

Agriculture

Irrigated agriculture is well developed in the region. As of the beginning of 2001, Stavropol Krai had 3,361 km of irrigation canals, of which 959 km were lined (i.e., had concrete or stone walls, rather than merely soil walls, to reduce the loss of water).[13]

Among the major irrigation canals are:[13]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ a b Charter, Article 8
  4. ^ Official website of the Governor of Stavropol Krai. Biography of Valery Veniaminovich Gayevsky (Russian)
  5. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  6. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  7. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  9. ^ Official the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  10. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  12. ^ (XLS) National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation. 2002 Russian All-Population Census. 2002. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/English/4-2.xls. Retrieved 2006-07-20. 
  13. ^ a b Общая информация О водных ресурсах края (General information about the water resources of the krai), from the regional government site. (Russian)

References

  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. №6-кз 12 октября 1994 г. «Устав (Основной Закон) Ставропольского края», в ред. Закона №25-кз от 7 апреля 2011 г «О поправке к Уставу (Основному Закону) Ставропольского края». Опубликован: "Ставропольская правда", №198–199, 14 октября 1994 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. #6-kz October 12, 1994 Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #25-kz of April 7, 2011 On the Amendment of the Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai. ).

External links


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