Army of the Andes


Army of the Andes

The Army of the Andes ( _es. Ejército de los Andes) was the military force mustered by José de San Martín in his campaign to free Chile from the Spanish Empire. In 1817 it crossed the Andes Mountains from its staging point in Cuyo in the Argentine province of Mendoza, succeeding in its objective by dislodging the Spanish from the country.

When it set out for Chile, the Army was composed of some 4000 soldiers, mainly Argentine and the remainings of the then defeated Chilean Army, with 1200 auxiliaries to help in provisioning and supply. In addition, it had a complement of artillery.

For the crossing of the mountains, the Army was divided into two main columns, the first, commanded by Bernardo O'Higgins, taking the Los Patos Pass and the second, commanded by Juan Gregorio de las Heras, taking the Uspallata Pass. Because this second pass was more negotiable, the artillery was taken in the second column.

These two divisions were the main body of the Army, but there were smaller detachments sent to the north and south as flanking wings. The smaller division to the north was composed of some 130 infantry as well as a group of Chilean ex-patriots, and was under the command of Juan Manuel Cabot. To the south was a group under the command of the Chilean Ramón Freire Serrano.

ee also

*Crossing of the Andes
*Chilean Independence


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Army of the North — The Army of the North (Spanish: Ejército del Norte ), called Army of Peru in the documents of the time, was one of the armies deployed by the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata in the Hispanic American wars of independence. This army was in… …   Wikipedia

  • Flag of the Andes — The Flag of the Andes was a flag used by Argentine patriot Jose de San Martin and his Army of the Andes during their famous Crossing of the Andes and their susequent military campaigns to Chile and Peru. The Flag of the Andes was personally… …   Wikipedia

  • Crossing of the Andes — Part of the Spanish American wars of independence …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the Redeemer of the Andes — Christ the Redeemer of the Andes …   Wikipedia

  • Andes — This article is about the mountain range in South America. For other uses, see Andes (disambiguation). Andes (Quechua: Anti(s/kuna)) Range …   Wikipedia

  • The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada — Infobox Military Unit unit name=The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada caption=Seaforth Highlanders of Canada Heraldry dates=1910–present country=Canada allegiance= branch=Militia type=Line Infantry role= Light infantry size= One battalion command… …   Wikipedia

  • Argentine Army — The Argentine Army ( Ejército Argentino , EA) is the land armed force branch of the Argentine military and the senior military service of the country. History The Army s official foundation date is May 29th, 1810 (celebrated in Argentina as the… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Ecuadorian–Peruvian territorial dispute — The territorial dispute between Ecuador and Peru was one of the most persistent and seemingly most resistant to resolution of any in the Western Hemisphere. The conflict arose virtually at the birth of these two nations from the Spanish Empire in …   Wikipedia

  • Military structure of the FARC-EP — The military structure of the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – Ejército del Pueblo ( Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People s Army , or FARC EP), formally began to be developed after the middle of 1964, when the Colombian… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Incas — The Inca Empire was an empire centered in what is now Peru from AD 1438 to AD 1533. Over that period, the Inca used conquest and peaceful assimilation to incorporate in their empire a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andes… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.