Bank of Mauritius


Bank of Mauritius

Infobox Central bank
bank_name_in_local =
image_1 = BOM Tower.jpg
image_title_1 = New Bank of Mauritius Tower
image_2 =
image_title_2 =
headquarters = Port Louis, Mauritius
president = Mr Rundheersing Bheenick
leader_title = Governor
bank_of = Mauritius
currency = Mauritian rupee
currency_iso = MUR
borrowing_rate =
deposit_rate =
website = [http://bom.intnet.mu/ bom.intnet.mu]
footnotes =
The Bank of Mauritius is the central bank of the Republic of Mauritius. It was established in September 1967 as the central bank of Mauritius. It was modelled on the Bank of England and was, in effect, set up with the assistance of senior officers of the Bank of England.Amongst its responsibilities is the issuance of the Mauritian currency, the Mauritian rupee.

History

In the 19th Century three separate commercial banks, now all defunct, operated under the Bank of Mauritius name.

The first Bank of Mauritius started operations in 1813 or so, but survived only until 1825.

The second Bank of Mauritius was a British overseas bank with two boards of directors, one in London and the other in Port Louis. It began operations in 1832 and favored the interests of the planter class. In 1838 traders established Mauritius Commercial Bank to give themselves an alternative source of credit as until its establishment the Bank of Mauritius had a monopoly on the island. The financial crisis of 1847 in London resulted in the collapse of the sugar market, and severe losses to both of Mauritius's banks. Bank of Mauritius ceased business in 1848, though the Mauritius Commercial Bank has survived to the present.

Local interests established the third Bank of Mauritius in 1894 to take over the local business of the failed New Oriental Bank Corporation. In 1911 the bank opened a branch in the Seychelles. However, in 1916 the Mercantile Bank of India (est. 1893) acquired the bank. HSBC in turn acquired the Mercantile Bank in 1959. Because of this history, HSBC refers to itself as the oldest foreign bank in Mauritius. The next foreign bank to arrive, and to survive to the present, was National Bank of South Africa, an ancestor of Barclays Bank Mauritius.

In addition to the above three banks, a bank by the name of the Colonial Bank of Mauritius, Bourbon, and Dependencies, operated between 1812 and 1813.

Board of Commissioners of Currency

Before the establishment of the Bank, the currency issue was managed by a Board of Commissioners of Currency. The duties of the Board were restricted to those of an issuing authority.

The setting up of the Bank of Mauritius marked the beginning of a new phase in the monetary history of Mauritius, with the monetary system moving forward from the stage of 'Sterling Exchange Standard', under which currency was issued in exchange for sterling at a fixed rate of exchange, to that of a 'managed currency' in which the discretionary role of the monetary authority becomes important.

Objectives of the Bank

The Bank of Mauritius Act 1966 (as amended) lays down the purposes of the Bank which are to 'safeguard the internal and external value of the currency of Mauritius and its internal convertibility' and to 'direct its policy towards achieving monetary conditions conducive to strengthening the economic activity and prosperity of Mauritius.'

The Bank has been set up as the authority which is responsible for the formulation and execution of monetary policy consistent with stable price conditions. It also has responsibility for safeguarding the stability and strengthening of the financial system of Mauritius.

Online Sales of Commemorative coins and Dodo Gold Coins

On the 12th March 2008, the Bank of Mauritius launched the online sales of Commemorative coins and Dodo Gold Coins to international buyers. [ [http://bom.intnet.mu/Ecommerce Bank of Mauritius - The Central Bank of Mauritius ] ]

Past governors

* Rameswurlall Basant Roi

ee also

*Central banks and currencies of Africa
*Economy of Mauritius
*List of central banks
*Mauritian rupee

References

*Mauritius Commercial Bank. 1963. "The Mauritius Commercial Bank Limited, 1838-1963". Port Louis.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bank of Mauritius Headquarters (Port Louis) — Infobox Skyscraper building name=Bank of Mauritius previous tallest= Mauritius Telecom Tower built=2004 2006 use= location= Port Louis, Mauritius antenna spire=124m top floor= roof=98m floor count=22 floor area=16,834m² elevator count= architect …   Wikipedia

  • Bank of Mauritius Tower — Vue de la tour. La Tour de la Banque de Maurice (en anglais : Bank of Mauritius Tower) est un édifice mauricien situé à Port Louis, la capitale du pays. D une hauteur de 98 mètres, 124 mètres avec son mât, il s agit de la tour la plus élevée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • State Bank of Mauritius — Création 1973 Personnages clés Chaitlall Gunness (CEO) Soopaya Parianen (COO) Forme juridique Société à responsabilité limitée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • State Bank of Mauritius — Infobox Company company name = State Bank of Mauritius Ltd company vector company type = Limited liability company genre = foundation = 1973 founder = location = State Bank Tower1, Queen Elizabeth II Avenue, Port Louis, Mauritius origins = key… …   Wikipedia

  • State bank of mauritius — Création 1973 Personnages clés Chaitl …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mauritius Commercial Bank — Ltd Type Limited liability company Industry Financial Institution Founded 1838 Founder(s) Mr. James Blyth …   Wikipedia

  • Bank of England — Bank of England …   Wikipedia

  • Bank of Mexico — Banco de México Bank of Mexico headquarters in Mexico City …   Wikipedia

  • Bank of Japan — 日本銀行 (Japanese) …   Wikipedia

  • Bank of Slovenia — Banka Slovenije (Slovene) Headquarters Ljubljana Established 25 June 1991 President Marko Kranjec Central bank of Slovenia Website …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.