Lombard League

Lombard League

The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of northern Italy (although its membership changed in time), including, among others, Milan, Piacenza, Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, Brescia, Bologna, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, Venice, Verona, Lodi, and Parma, and even some lords, such as the Marquis Malaspina and Ezzelino da Romano. The League was formed to counter the Holy Roman Empire's Frederick I, who was attempting to assert Imperial influence over Italy. Frederick claimed direct Imperial control over Italy at the Diet of Roncaglia (1158). The League had the support of Pope Alexander III, who also wished to see Imperial power in Italy decline. At the Battle of Legnano on May 29, 1176, Frederick I was defeated and, by the Peace of Venice, agreed to a six-year truce from 1177 to 1183, until the Second Treaty of Constance, where the Italian cities agreed to remain loyal to the Empire but retained local jurisdiction over their territories.

The Lombard League was renewed several times and after 1226 regained its former prestige by countering the efforts of Frederick II to gain greater power in Italy. These efforts included the taking of Vicenza and the Battle of Cortenuova which established the reputation of the Emperor as a skillful strategist. He misjudged his strength, rejecting all Milanese peace overtures and insisting on unconditional surrender. It was a moment of grave historic importance when Frederick's hatred coloured his judgment and blocked all possibilities of a peaceful settlement. Milan and five other cities held out, and in October 1238 he had to unsuccessfully raise the siege of Brescia.Once again receiving papal support, the Lombard League effectively countered Frederick's efforts. During the 1249 siege of Parma, the Imperial camp was assaulted and taken, and in the ensuing Battle of Parma the Imperial side was routed. Frederick lost the Imperial treasure and with it any hope of maintaining the impetus of his struggle against the rebellious communes and against the pope. The League was dissolved in 1250 once Frederick died.


"Lombard League." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 6 Apr. 2008 .

G. Fasoli,"La Lega Lombarda --Antecedenti,formazione, struttura," Problema des 12.Jahrhunderts, Vortraege und Forchungegen, 12 ,1965-67)143-160.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lombard League — Italian league that resisted attempts by the Holy Roman emperors to curtail the liberties of the communes of Lombardy in northern Italy in the 12th–13th century. Founded in 1167, it was backed by Pope Alexander III, who saw it as an ally against… …   Universalium

  • Lombard — The term Lombard refers to members of or things related, directly or indirectly, to the Lombards ( Longobardi ), a Germanic tribe that dominated northern Italy and adjoining areas from the 6th to 8th centuries. Uses of the term include:History… …   Wikipedia

  • Lombard — /lom bahrd, beuhrd, lum /, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Lombardy. 2. a member of an ancient Germanic tribe that settled in N Italy. 3. a banker or moneylender. adj. 4. Also, Lombardic. of or pertaining to the Lombards or Lombardy. /lom bahrd,… …   Universalium

  • league — league1 /leeg/, n., v., leagued, leaguing. n. 1. a covenant or compact made between persons, parties, states, etc., for the promotion or maintenance of common interests or for mutual assistance or service. 2. the aggregation of persons, parties,… …   Universalium

  • League of towns — A league of towns (in German: Städtebund ) is an alliance of two or more, usually geographically close, towns and/or cities for the protection of their political and/or economic interests. The term predominantly refers to medieval leagues of… …   Wikipedia

  • Lombard language — For the extinct 6th century Germanic language, see Lombardic language. Lombard Lombard/Lumbaart (WL), Lombard (EL) Spoken in   …   Wikipedia

  • Lombard-Pápa TFC — Football club infobox clubname = Lombard Pápa fullname = Lombard Pápa Football Club nickname = founded = ground = Stadion Várkerti, Pápa capacity = 5,500 chairman = Péter Bíró manager = Florián Urban league = NB II season = 2006 ndash;07 position …   Wikipedia

  • George Lombard — Infobox MLB player width = 150 name=George Lombard position=Outfielder team=Free Agent number=22 bats=Left throws=Right birthdate=birth date and age|1975|9|14 debutdate=September 4 debutyear=1998 debutteam=Atlanta Braves statyear=2006… …   Wikipedia

  • Kirk Lombard — Record Monkeyface Eel Kirk Lombard is the current record holder of the largest monkeyface prickleback eel ever caught on hook and line. The eel was caught on February 7, 2006 on the waters off Moss Beach, California and submitted to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Football League of Ireland 2006 — Clubs information (*) Shamrock Rovers F.C. were deducted three points for fielding a suspended playerP = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.