- Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor (Cornish: Goen Bren [http://homepage.univie.ac.at/albert.bock/files/placenames.pdf] ) is a
granite moorlandin northeastern Cornwall, UK, 208 km² (80 sq mile) in size, dating from the Carboniferousperiod of geological history.
The name "Bodmin Moor" is relatively recent, being an
Ordnance Surveyinvention of 1813. It was formerly known as "Fowey Moor", after the river which rises here. [ [http://www.cornwalltour.co.uk/bodmin_moor.html Conwall Tour - An illustrated guide to Cornwall - Bodmin Moor ] ]
Dramatic granite tors rise from the rolling moorland
Brown Willybeing the highest point in Cornwall at 417m (1368 ft) [ [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Cornwall/ GENUKI: Cornwall ] ] and Rough Torat 400m (1313 ft).
On the southern slopes of the moor lies
Dozmary Pool, where, according to Arthurian legend, Sir Bediverethrew Excaliburto The Lady of the Lake. It is Cornwall's only natural inland lake and is glacial in origin. [Cornish Archaeology No 34 1995]
The Moor contains about 500 holdings with around 10,000 Beef Cows, 55,000 Breeding Ewes and 1,000 Horses and Ponies. [ [http://www.bodminmoor.co.uk/history.html The Bodmin Moor Pages ~ The History ] ] Most of the moor is a
Site of Special Scientific Interest(SSSI)and has been officially designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty(AONB), as part of Cornwall AONB. [http://www.cornwall-aonb.gov.uk/documents/12_bodmin_character.pdf]
The moor is the source of a number of the county's main rivers. The
River Foweyrises at a height of 290m and flows through Lostwithieland into the Foweyestuary. [ [http://www.cornwallriversproject.org.uk/geography/fowey.htm Cornwall Rivers Project | Geography | Fowey and Lerryn ] ] The River Camelrises on Hendraburnick Down and flows for approximately 40km (25 miles) before joining the sea at Padstow. [ [http://www.cornwallriversproject.org.uk/geography/camel.htm Cornwall Rivers Project | Geography | Camel and Allen ] ] The River Camel and De Lank are an important habitat for the otter and both have been proposed as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) [ [http://www.bodminmoor.co.uk/rivers.html The Rivers of Bodmin Moor - The Bodmin Moor Pages ] ] Colliford Lakeand Siblyback Lakereservoirs supply water for a large part of the county's population.
10,000 years ago
Mesolithic hunter-gathererswandered the moor when it was wooded and had a temperate climate. During the Neolithicera, from about 4,500 to 2,300 BC, people began clearing trees and farming the land. More than 200 Bronze Agesettlements with enclosures and field patterns have been recorded. [ [http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/T/timeteam/2007_bod_t.html channel4.com - Time Team - Bodmin Moor, Cornwall - text only ] ] and many prehistoric stone barrows and circles lie scattered across the moor. King Arthur's Hallthought to be a late Neolithicor early Bronze Ageceremonial site can be found to the east of St Brewardon the moor. [ [http://www.whitedragon.org.uk/articles/secretcornwall.htm Secret cornwall - Bodmin moor and its environs ] ]
In 1844 on Bodmin Moor the body of 18 year old Charlotte Dymond was discovered. Local labourer Matthew Weeks was accused of the murder and at noon on 12th August 1844 he was led from
Bodmin Gaoland hanged. The murder site now has a momument erected from public money and the grave is at Davidstowchurchyard. [ [http://www.parmaq.com/truecrime/CharlotteDymond.htm The Murder of Charlotte Dymond] ]
Beast of Bodmin
Geology of the United Kingdom
List of topics related to Cornwall
Brown Willy effect
* Weatherhill, Craig "Cornish Placenames and Language"
* [http://www.cornwalltour.co.uk/bodmin_moor.html Illustrated Guide to Bodmin Moor]
* [http://www.cornwall365.co.uk/cornwall/places,12,Bodmin-Moor.html Photos of Bodmin Moor]
* [http://www.countryside.gov.uk/LivingLandscapes/finest_countryside/aonbs/aonb_cornwall.asp Cornwall AONB]
* [http://www.marhamchurch.eu/Cornwall_picture_5.htm Photos of Roughtor and Cheesewring]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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