Vera Rubin


Vera Rubin

Vera (Cooper) Rubin (born 23 July 1928) is an astronomer who has done pioneering work on galaxy rotation rates. Her opus magnus was the uncovering of the discrepancy between the predicted angular motion of galaxies and the observed motion, by studying galactic rotation curves. This phenomena became known as the galaxy rotation problem.

Currently, the theory of dark matter is the most popular candidate for explaining this, although the alternative theory of MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) also gaining much support from the scientific community.

After she earned an A.B. from Vassar College (1948) she tried to enroll at Princeton but never received their graduate catalog as women there were not allowed in the graduate astronomy program until 1975. She applied to Cornell University, where she studied physics under Philip Morrison, Richard Feynman, and Hans Bethe. There she earned a M.A. in 1951. Then in 1954 at Georgetown University she earned a Ph.D. under George Gamow.

Vera Rubin also has honorary Doctors of Science degrees from numerous universities, including Harvard and Yale. Rubin is currently a research astronomer at the Carnegie Institution of Washington. She is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. So far she has co-authored 114 peer reviewed research papers.

All four of her children have earned Ph.D.s in the natural sciences or mathematics: David (1950), Ph.D. geology, a geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey; Judith Young (1952), Ph.D. cosmic-ray physics, an astronomer at the University of Massachusetts; Karl (1956), Ph.D. mathematics, a mathematician at Stanford University; and Allan (1960), Ph.D. geology, a geologist at Princeton University.

She is the author of "Bright Galaxies Dark Matters" (Masters of Modern Physics), AIP Press, 1996, ISBN 1-56396-231-4

Honors

Awards
* Dickson Prize for Science
* National Medal of Science (1993)
* Henry Norris Russell Lectureship in 1994
* Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1996:She was only the second female recipient of this medal, the first being Caroline Herschel in 1828.
* James Craig Watson Medal in 2004Named after her
* Asteroid 5726 Rubin
* Rubin-Ford effect

Recent documentary interview

Vera Rubin can be seen on the BBC documentary Most of the Universe is Missing. [ cite web |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/sn/tvradio/programmes/horizon/missing.shtml |title=Most of the Universe is Missing (Text summary)|accessdate=2008-05-18 ]

Notes

ee also

*Galaxy rotation problem

Further reading

*Robert Rubin, "Vera Rubin" in "OUT OF THE SHADOWS: Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics", Nina Byers and Gary Williams, ed., Cambridge University Press 2006.

External links

* [http://www.dtm.ciw.edu/content/view/122/168/ Vera Rubin at Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington]
* [http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=000ACDF5-CFD1-1CE1-8583809EC5880000&pageNumber=1&catID=9 Vera Rubin autobiography notes at Scientific American]
* [http://cwp.library.ucla.edu/Phase2/Rubin,_Vera_Cooper@931234567.html Vera Rubin in CWP at UCLA]
* [http://webs.wichita.edu/lapo/vr.htm Vera Rubin's Dark Universe]
* [http://www.amnh.org/education/resources//rfl/web/essaybooks/cosmic/p_rubin.html Vera Rubin and Dark Matter, American Museum of Natural History]
* [http://www.petergruberfoundation.org/Rubin.htm Vera Rubin at Peter Gruber Foundation]
* [http://www.astrosociety.org/education/resources/womenast_bib.html Astronomical Society of the Pacific: Women in Astronomy]
* [http://webs.wichita.edu/lapo/wia.html Lake Afton Public Observatory: Women in Astronomy]
* [http://www.princeton.edu/main/news/archive/S11/75/58Q44/index.xml?section=newsreleases Princeton University 2005 honorary degrees press release]


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  • Vera Rubin — Vera Cooper Rubin (nacida el 23 de julio de 1928 en Filadelfia, Pensilvania) es una astrónoma estadounidense, pionera en el estudio de las tasas de rotación galácticas. Su descubrimiento de la denomianda curvas planas de rotación es la evidencia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vera Rubin — Vera Cooper Rubin (* 23. Juli 1928 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) ist eine US amerikanische Astronomin, die sich vorwiegend mit der Erfassung der Verteilung der dunklen Materie beschäftigt. Vera Rubin wurde in Philadelphia geboren und wuchs in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vera Rubin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rubin. Vera Cooper Rubin (23 juillet 1928 à Philadelphie, Pennsylvanie, États Unis) est une astronome américaine. Elle est principalement connue pour son étude sur les vitesses de rotation des étoiles dans les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vera Cooper Rubin — Vera Rubin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rubin. Vera Cooper Rubin est une astronome américaine née le 23 juillet 1928 à Philadelphie (Pennsylvanie, États Unis). Elle est principalement connue pour son étude sur les vitesses de rotation des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vera Cooper Rudin — Vera Rubin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rubin. Vera Cooper Rubin est une astronome américaine née le 23 juillet 1928 à Philadelphie (Pennsylvanie, États Unis). Elle est principalement connue pour son étude sur les vitesses de rotation des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vera Cooper Rubin — (* 23. Juli 1928 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) ist eine US amerikanische Astronomin, die sich vorwiegend mit der Erfassung der Verteilung der dunklen Materie beschäftigt. Vera Rubin wurde in Philadelphia geboren und wuchs in Washington, D.C. auf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rubin — (Polish, German, Russian, Romanian, Serbian, Swedish, Danish and Yiddish word for Ruby) can refer to the following people:;Surnames * Alan Rubin, American musician * Andrejs Rubins * Arthur Rubin (b. 1956), American mathematician * Avi Rubin,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rubin (Begriffsklärung) — Rubin [Rubín] bezeichnet Rubin, einen Edelstein Rubin (Satellit), Minisatellitenprogramm der Firma OHB Technology Rubin (Unternehmen), serbischer Getränkehersteller Rubin Kasan, tatarischer Fußballverein Kurzform der Pokémon Rubin und Saphir… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rubin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Rubin est un patronyme porté par plusieurs personnalités: Bruce Joel Rubin (1943 ), producteur, réalisateur et scénariste américain; Chanda Rubin (1976 ) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vera (Vorname) — Kyrillisch (Russisch) вера Transl.: Vera Transkr.: Wera Vera ist ein weiblicher Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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