- Power-law index profile
optical fibers, a power-law index profile is an index of refractionprofile characterized by
and is the nominal refractive index as a function of distance from the
fiber axis, is the nominal refractive index on axis, is the refractive index of the cladding, which is taken to be homogeneous (), is the core radius, and is a parameter that defines the shape of the profile. is often used in place of . Hence, this is sometimes called an alpha profile.
For this class of profiles,
multimode distortionis smallest when takes a particular value depending on the material used. For most materials, this optimum value is approximately 2. In the limit of infinite , the profile becomes a step-index profile.
Federal Standard 1037C
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