Dadra and Nagar Haveli


Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી/दादरा आणि नगर हवेली
—  union territory  —
Silvassa
Location of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી/दादरा आणि नगर हवेली
Coordinates 20°16′N 73°01′E / 20.27°N 73.02°E / 20.27; 73.02Coordinates: 20°16′N 73°01′E / 20.27°N 73.02°E / 20.27; 73.02
Country India
District(s) 1
Established 1961-08-11
Capital Silvassa
Administrator Shri Narendra Kumar, IAS
Population

Density

342,853 (5th)

704 /km2 (1,823 /sq mi)

HDI (2005) increase
0.618 (medium
Official languages Gujarati, Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area 487 km2 (188 sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 IN-DN
Website dnh.nic.in

Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Marathi: दादरा आणि नगर हवेली, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. Nagar Haveli is wedged between Maharashtra and Gujarat, whereas Dadra is an enclave lying a few kilometres north of Nagar Haveli in Gujarat. Its capital is Silvassa. The territory lies some ten to thirty kilometres up-river from the city of Daman.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli are in the watershed of the Daman Ganga River, which flows through the territory. The towns of Dadra and Silvassa both lie on the north bank of the river. The Western Ghats range rises to the east, and the foothills of the range occupy the eastern portion of the district. The territory is landlocked, although the Arabian Sea coast lies just to the west in Gujarat.

The major spoken languages in the territory are Gujarati, Hindi and Marathi.[1]


In order to keep the English at bay and to enlist their support against the Moghals, the Marathas made friends with the Portuguese and signed with them a treaty in 1779. According to this historic treaty of friendship, the Maratha-Peshwa agreed that the Portuguese will be allowed to collect revenues from Dadra and Nagar Haveli which consisted of 72 villages, then known as parganas (now we refer as district place). These territories were earlier ruled by the Koli chiefs who were defeated by the Hindu kings of Jawhar and Ramnagar. The Marathas conquered and annexed these territories to their kingdom.

By and large, this treaty was signed only to the extent that the Portuguese will only collect the revenue in compensation for their loss of a warship called ‘Santana’ which had earlier been captured by the Marathas but not surrendered to the Portuguese in spite of their many entreaties.

The area of Dadra and Nagar Haveli spread over 491 sq. kms., land locked between Gujarat in North and Maharashtra in South was liberated from Portuguese Rulers by people themselves on 2nd August 1954 . The people of the U.T. established free Administration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, which was finally merged in to Union of India in the year 1961


Contents

History

Portuguese era

In 1783, Nagar-Haveli was given to the Portuguese as a compensation for the sinking of a Portuguese ship by the Maratha navy.[clarification needed] Then, in 1785 the Portuguese purchased Dadra. It was administered by the Portuguese Governor of Daman until 1954.

Liberation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli

After India attained Independence in 1947, the residents of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, with the help of volunteers of organisations like the United Front of Goans (UFG), the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the National Movement Liberation Organisation (NMLO) and the Azad Gomantak Dal liberated the territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli from Portuguese rule in 1954.[2]

Integration into India

Old map of the territory.

Although it enjoyed de facto independence, Dadra and Nagar Haveli were still recognized internationally (e.g., by the International Court of Justice) as Portuguese possessions.[3] The residents of the former colony requested the Government of India for administrative help. Mr. K.G. Badlani, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) was sent as the administrator.

From 1954 to 1961, the territory was administered by a body called the Varishta Panchayat of Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[4][5]

In 1961 when Indian forces took over Goa, Daman, and Diu, Mr. Badlani was, for one day, designated the Prime Minister of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, so that, as Head of State, he could sign an agreement with the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, and formally merge Dadra and Nagar Haveli with the Republic of India.

Geography

Dadra and Nagar Haveli occupies an area of 491 square kilometres (190 sq mi),[6] comparatively equivalent to the Phillippines' Biliran Island.[7]

Administration

A Lieutenant Governor administers the territory, which covers an area of 188 sq mi or 487 km² and consists of two talukas:

Dadra is the headquarters of Dadra taluka, comprising Dadra town and two other villages. Silvassa is the headquarters of Nagar Haveli taluka, comprising Silvassa town and 68 other villages.

Economy

Dadra and Nagar Haveli's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $218 million in current prices.

Manufacturing is the main economy in Dadra and Nagar Haveli as the taxes are low.[9]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Dadra and Nagar Haveli has a population of 342,853 ,[10] roughly equal to the nation of Belize.[11] This gives it a ranking of 566th in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 698 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,810 /sq mi) .[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 55.5 %.[10] Dadra and Nagar Haveli has a sex ratio of 775 females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 77.65 %.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Dadra Nagar Haveli tourism
  2. ^ P S Lele, Dadra and Nagar Haveli: past and present, Published by Usha P. Lele, 1987,
  3. ^ "Case concerning Right of Passage over Indian Territory (Merits), Judgement of 12 April 1960". International Court of Justice Reports 1960: 6. http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/32/4521.pdf. Retrieved 2011-04-01. 
  4. ^ Constitution of India, 10th Amendment
  5. ^ Umaji Keshao Meshram & Ors v. Radhikabhai w/o Anandrao Banapurkar AIR 1986 SC 1272: this judgment mentions the Administration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli in this period
  6. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Dadra and Nagar Haveli". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1213. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  7. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. http://islands.unep.ch/Tiarea.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Biliran Island 501km2" 
  8. ^ "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. http://indiabudget.nic.in/es2006-07/chapt2007/tab97.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-18. 
  9. ^ Industries in Dadar and Nagar Haveli
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Belize 321,115 July 2011 est." 

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — [də drä′ and nə gʉr′ hä′vel ē] territory of India (formerly two territories) consisting of an enclave on the S coast of Gujarat state: 190 sq mi (492 sq km); pop. 153,000 * * * Union territory (pop., 2001 prelim.: 220,451), western India. Located …   Universalium

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — [də drä′ and nə gʉr′ hä′vel ē] territory of India (formerly two territories) consisting of an enclave on the S coast of Gujarat state: 190 sq mi (492 sq km); pop. 153,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli —   [ dædrə ænd nægə hə velɪ], Unionsterritorium an der Westküste Indiens, nördlich von Bombay am Golf von Khambhat, 491 km2, (2001) 220 000 Einwohner (1962: 58 000 Einwohner), Hauptstadt ist Silvassa (6 900 Einwohner). Die Bevölkerung lebt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Dādra and Nagar Haveli Country and Admin Code IN.06 IN …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — Dadra et Nagar Haveli Dadra et Nagar Haveli Vue de cet État sur la carte de l Inde Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dādra and Nagar Haveli — Dadra et Nagar Haveli Dadra et Nagar Haveli Vue de cet État sur la carte de l Inde Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — Da•dra and Na•gar Ha•ve•li [[t]dəˈdrɑ ənˈnʌg ər həˈveɪ li[/t]] n. geg a union territory in W India, between Gujarat and Maharashtra. 138,477; 189 sq. mi. (491 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — geographical name union territory India bordering on Gujarat and Maharashtra area 189 square miles (491 square kilometers), population 138,477 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — noun Union territory in western India which has Silvassa as its capital …   Wiktionary

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli — /dəˌdra ən ˌnʌga əˈvɛli/ (say duh.drah uhn .nugah uh velee) noun a union territory of western India on the Gulf of Cambay. 489 km2. Capital: Silvassa …   Australian English dictionary


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