Banat, Bačka and Baranja


Banat, Bačka and Baranja

:"Also see: Banat (disambiguation), Bačka (disambiguation), and Baranja (disambiguation)"The Banat, Bačka and Baranja (Serbian: "Banat, Bačka i Baranja" / Банат, Бачка и Барања) was a de facto existing province of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between October 1918 and March 1919. It included geographical regions of Banat, Bačka, and Baranja and its administrative center was Novi Sad.

Name

The official name of the province used by its people's administration was "Banat, Bačka and Baranja", but it was also unofficially known as "Vojvodina".

History

Following the collapse of Austria-Hungary in October 1918, the regions of Banat, Bačka, and Baranja were under control of the Serbian army and the local ethnic Serb population from these regions formed its own administration under the supreme authority of Serbian National Board in Novi Sad.

On November 25, 1918, the Great People's Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and Other Slavs ("Velika narodna skupština Srba, Bunjevaca i ostalih Slovena" / Велика народна скупштина Срба, Буњеваца и осталих Словена) from Banat, Bačka and Baranja, voted that these regions join to the Kingdom of Serbia (The assembly numbered 757 deputies, of whom 578 were Serbs, 84 Bunjevci, 62 Slovaks, 21 Rusyns, 6 Germans, 3 Šokci, 2 Croats, and 1 Hungarian), while on December 1, the Kingdom of Serbia together with the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs formed new country named Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

The Great People's Assembly from November 25, decided not only to join Banat, Bačka and Baranja to Serbia, but also to form new local administration (government) in these regions known as the People's Administration for Banat, Bačka and Baranja ("Narodna uprava za Banat, Bačku i Baranju" / Народна управа за Банат, Бачку и Барању). The president of People's Administration was Dr. Jovan Lalošević. The People's Council was also formed as legislative body of the province.

Although, the government in Belgrade accepted the decision that Banat, Bačka and Baranja join to Serbia, it did not recognized the People's administration. The People's administration for Banat, Bačka and Baranja was active until March 11, 1919, when it held its last session.

Before the peace conference defined exact borders of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, People's administration for Banat, Bačka and Baranja also administered parts of Banat, Bačka and Baranja that today belong to Romania and Hungary.

Population

Population of Banat, Bačka and Baranja (in borders defined on the peace conference) was 1,365,596, including 29% Serbs, 27.7% Hungarians, 23.8% Germans, and others )Fact|date=October 2007.

Institutions

The legislative body (parliament) of the province was known as "Great People's Council" ("Veliki Narodni Savet"), while executive body (government) was known as "People's Administration" ("Narodna Uprava"). Great People's Council was composed of 50 members, which included 35 Serbs, 8 Bunjevci, 5 Slovaks, 1 Krashovan, and 1 Uniate priest.

People's Administration included following sections:
*Political affairs
*Internal affairs
*Jurisdiction
*Education
*Finances
*Traffic
*Economy
*Food and supplies
*Social reforms
*People's Health
*People's Defence

Administrators

*Dr. Jovan Lalošević, president of People's Administration, people's commissioner for political affairs, and temporary people's commissioner for education.
*Petar Konjović, vice-president of People's Administration.
*Jovan Hranilović, temporary president of Great People's Council.
*Dr. Slavko Miletić, president of Great People's Council.
*Dr. Jovan Latinčić, vice-president of Great People's Council.
*Dr. Ignjat Pavlas, people's commissioner for internal affairs
*Dr. August Rat, people's commissioner for jurisdiction.
*Dr. Vladislav Manojlović, people's commissioner for finances.
*Stevan Slavnić, people's commissioner for traffic.
*Mita Klicin, people's commissioner for economy.
*Dr. Kosta Popović, people's commissioner for food and supplies.
*Dušan Tušanović, people's commissioner for social reforms.
*Dr. Laza Marković, people's commissioner for people's health.
*Dušan Popov, people's commissioner for people's defence.

References

#Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Novi Sad, 2004.
#Lazo M. Kostić, Srpska Vojvodina i njene manjine, Novi Sad, 1999.
#Dimitrije Boarov, Politička istorija Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 2001.
#Čedomir Popov - Jelena Popov, Autonomija Vojvodine - srpsko pitanje, Sremski Karlovci, 2000.

ee also

*History of Vojvodina
*History of Serbia

External links

* [http://www.sluzba.vojvodina.sr.gov.yu/SEKRETARIJATI-V/MANJINE/manjine-koliko-se-poznajemo/web-tekst/Brosura-ceo-tekst.htm Vojvodina u Prvom svetskom ratu] (in Serbian)
* [http://www.danas.co.yu/20040828/vikend2.html Nedovršeno prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji] (in Serbian)
* [http://www.rastko.org.yu/antropologija/ljcerovic_srbi_ro.html Srbi u Rumuniji od ranog srednjeg veka do današnjeg vremena] (in Serbian)
* [http://www.gradnovisad.org.yu/cnt/index.php?id_node=338 History of Novi Sad]
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/167.gifMap]
* [http://www.terra.es/personal7/jqvaraderey/193818BK.gifMap]
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/174.gifMap]
* [http://www.magma.ca/~rendic/map_stvaranje_drzave.gifMap]


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