- Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel
For|the original subway tunnel to Brooklyn, sometimes called the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel in the early days [CityClub of New York, [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC28110662&id=Aj4-cN9oow0C New York City Transit: A Memorandum Addressed to the Public Service Commission of the First District] , 1907] |Joralemon Street TunnelInfobox_Bridge
bridge_name= Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel
caption= Manhattan portal
carries= 4 lanes of I-478
Manhattan, New Yorkand Brooklyn, New York
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority
length= 2,778.86 m (9,117 feet)
clearance=12 feet 1 inch (3.7 m)
traffic= 52,400 [cite web | url=https://www.nysdot.gov/portal/page/portal/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/appendixctdr.pdf | accessdate=2007-05-05 | title=2005 NYSDOT Traffic Data Report: AADT Values for Select Toll Facilities]
May 25, 1950
toll= $5.00 (both directions per car in cash); discount available with
The Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel is a
toll roadin New York Citywhich crosses under the East Riverat its mouth, connecting the Boroughs of Brooklynand Manhattan. The tunnel nearly passes underneath Governors Islandhowever does not provide vehicular access to the island. It consists of twin tubes, carrying an aggregate of four traffic lanes, and at 9,117 feet (2,779 meters) is the longest continuous underwater vehicular tunnelin North America. It was opened to traffic in 1950. It currently carries the unsigned Interstate 478, and formerly carried New York State Route 27A.
The "Battery" in the tunnel's name refers to the southernmost tip of Manhattan Island, site of an
artillery batteryduring the city's earliest days.
The tunnel is owned by the City of New York and operated by the
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, an affiliate agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Robert Moses, the chairman of the Triborough Bridge Authority, attempted to scuttle the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel proposal and have a bridge built in its place. Many objected to the proposed bridge on the grounds that it would spoil the dramatic view of the Manhattan skyline, reduce Battery Parkto minuscule size and destroy what was then the New York Aquarium at Castle Clinton. Moses remained adamant, and it was only an order from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, via military channels, which restored the tunnel project, on the grounds that a bridge built seaward of the Brooklyn Navy Yardwould prove a hazard to national defense. This edict was issued in spite of the fact that the Manhattan Bridgeand the Brooklyn Bridgewere already seaward of the Navy Yard.
The tunnel was designed by
Ole Singstadand partially completed when World War IIbrought a halt to construction. After the War, Moses's Triborough Bridge Authoritywas merged with the Tunnel Authority, allowing the new Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authorityto take over the project. Moses directed the tunnel be finished with a different method for finishing the tunnel walls. This resulted in leaking and, according to Caro, the TBTA fixed the leaks by using a design almost identical to Singstad's original. [Caro]
March 16, 2008, the crossing charge for a two-axle passenger vehicle is $5.00 in each direction, with a $0.50 discount for E-ZPassusers. The crossing charge for a motorcycle is $2.50 charged in each direction, with a $0.25 discount for E-ZPass users.
1997feature film "Men in Black", the tunnel's Manhattan ventilation fan station is the location of the secret alien immigration terminal and the headquarters of the Men in Black.
length_ref=cite web|url=http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/routefinder/table2.cfm|title=Route Log and Finder List - Interstate System: Table 2|publisher=FHWA|accessdate=2008-03-28]
next_route=481"Interstate 478"'s entire length consists of the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel and its approaches. Its south end is at
Interstate 278, and its north end is at NY-9A ( West Side Highway).
I-478 was planned to be signed and continue north to
Interstate 78at the Holland Tunnelvia the now-canceled underground Westway project.
The I-478 number has been considered for other routes as well, including:
Lower Manhattan Expresswaybranch along the Manhattan Bridge, between I-78 (which was to use the branch to the Williamsburg Bridge) and I-278 (1958-1971)
Grand Central Parkwaybetween I-278 and I-678(1971)Before I-478 was moved to the Westway project in 1971, that project was planned as I-695, which would have continued north along the Henry Hudson Parkwayto the George Washington Bridge(Interstate 95).
*Caro, Robert A., "", New York: Knopf, 1974.
* [http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/brooklyn-battery/ nycroads.com about Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel]
structure = Crossings
bridge = Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel
bridge signs =
Joralemon Street Tunnel
upstream signs = NYCS-bull-small|4NYCS-bull-small|5
Verrazano Narrows Bridge
downstream signs =
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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