- Terra (satellite)
Terra (EOS AM-1) is a multi-national
NASAscientific research satellitein a sun-synchronous orbitaround the Earth. It is the flagship of the Earth Observing System(EOS).
The name "Terra" comes from the
Latinword for earth. The satellite was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Baseon December 18, 1999aboard an Atlas IIASvehicle and began collecting data on February 24, 2000.
Terra carries a payload of five remote sensors designed to monitor the state of Earth's environment and ongoing changes in its
ASTER(Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer)
*CERES (Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System)
MISR(Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer)
MODIS(Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer)
MOPITT(Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere)The data collected by Terra will ultimately become a new, 15-year global data set.
* [http://terra.nasa.gov/ NASA Terra site]
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