West Asian cinema


West Asian cinema

"West Asian cinema" refers collectively to the film output and film industries of the West Asia.

This particular refers to the sizeable industries of Iran, and Turkey. By definition, it also covers the film industries of Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Palestinian territories, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

By country

Afghanistan

:Cinema of Afghanistan

Armenia

:Cinema of Armenia is more substantial then the cinema of the Gulf nations
*"Namus", was the first Armenian silent black and white film (1925, Imdb title|title=Namus|id=0017195), describing the ill fate of two lovers, who were engaged by their families to each other since childhood, but because of violations of "namus" (a tradition of honor), the girl was married by her father to another person.

Bahrain

The Cinema of Bahrain is small, there being only three Bahraini-made films as of 2007, all directed by Bassam Al-Thawadi. The first Bahraini film dates from 1990.

There are lots of cinemas in the country showing a mix of Hollywood and Bollywood movies. In addition there is an annual film festival and a cinema club.

The Bahraini Film Production Company was set up in 2006 to help support the Bahraini and wider Arab film industry.

Bahraini films

* "Al-Hajiz" ("The Barrier"; 1990)
* "Za'er ("Visitor"; 2004)
* "A Bahraini Tale" (2006)

Films shot in Bahrain

* "Ajnabee" (2001) - an Indian film set in several countries including Bahrain
* "Afghan Muscle" (2006) - a Danish/Afghan feature-length documentary covering a group of Afghan bodybuilders who travel to the Middle East
* "Cinema 500 km" (2006) - a Saudi feature-length documentary about a young Saudi film fan who travels to Manama to attend a cinema, there being none in Saudi Arabia)

Bahraini directors

* Bassam Al-Thawadi

Iraq

:Cinema of Iraq

Israel

:Cinema of Israel

Iran

:Cinema of Iran:Iranian New Wave
* Abbas Kiarostami - Director
* Mohsen Makhmalbaf - Director
* Majid Majidi - Director

Kuwait

The cinema of Kuwait is small. The first Kuwaiti film "Bas ya Bahar" ("Cruel Sea") was released in 1972 with just a film or two per year. The movies aren't worldly known because of their lack of publicity. They are mainly made for the Gulf audiences. After the 90's Kuwait has developed it's theaters and cinemas, the new and developed national cinema company is "Cinescape". There 14 theaters in Kuwait presently.

Films shot in Kuwait

* "365 Boots on Ground" (American documentary; 2005)
* "Baraka" (American documentary; 1982)
* "Desert Sky" (American documentary; 2005)
* "Fires of Kuwait (American short documentary; 1982)
* "Les Anges" (Tunisian; 1984)
* "Lektionen in Finsternis (German short documentary; 1992)
* "Losing Ahmad" (2006)
* "VeTool" (short documentary; 2004)
* "Ahmad Al Sane's Life" (African documentary; 1976)

Kuwaiti directors

* Khalid Al Siddiq
* Khalefah AL-Ghanem

Oman

The cinema of Oman is very small, there being only one Omani film "Al-Boom" (2006)as of 2007. Partly inspired by Samuel Beckett's "Waiting For Godot", "Al-Boom" (released in 2006), deals with the challenges facing a small fishing community. There is an annual film festival held in Muscat. A few Bollywood movies have been partly filmed in the country.

Films shot in Oman

* "Ajnabee" (Indian; 2001)
* "Awara Paagal Deewana" (Indian; 2002)
* "Sachein" (Indian; 2005)
* "Fool N Final" (Indian; 2007)

Omani directors

* Khaled Abdul Raheem Al-Zadjali

Palestine

:Cinema of Palestine

audi Arabia

:Cinema of Saudi Arabia

Syria

Turkey

:Cinema of Turkey

United Arab Emirates

:Cinema of the United Arab Emirates

Yemen

The Cinema of Yemen is very small, there being only one Yemeni film as of 2007. Released in 2005, "A New Day in Old Sana'a" deals with a young man struggling between whether to go ahead with a traditional marriage or go with the woman he loves.

The film faced several difficulties in this very conservative country: an Austrian actor due to appear in the film was stabbed, the reluctance of Yemeni women to appear in the film forced them to cast a Lebanese woman in the lead female role and the set was stormed on the first day of shooting by a group of Islamic extremists. There were considerable problems with the government over the film and its content.Fact|date=April 2008

Yemeni films

* "A New Day in Old Sana'a" (2005)

Films shot in Yemen

* "The English Sheik and the Yemeni Gentleman" (American; 2000)
* "Il Fiore Delle Mille e Una Notte" (Italian; 1974) - this film generated controversy in Yemen when it was discovered that the finished film contained sex scenes
* "Le Mura di Sana" (Italian short; 1964)
* "Le Schiave Esistono Ancora" (Italian; 1964)

List of Yemeni directors

* Bader Ben Hirsi

ee also

* World cinema
* Asian cinema
* East Asian cinema
* South Asian cinema
* Southeast Asian cinema

External links

* [http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/mag/2006/07/16/stories/2006071600260500.htm The Hindu newspaper article covering the filming of 'A Bahraini Tale']
* [http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Countries/Oman/ IMDB entry for Oman]
* [http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Countries/Yemen/ IMDB entry for Yemen]


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