Tokugawa Ietsugu


Tokugawa Ietsugu

Infobox Ruler Japan
name =Tokugawa Ietsugu
title =Shogun (7th)
reign =1713 – 1716
predecessor ="Shogun:"
Tokugawa Ienobu

successor ="Shogun:"
Tokugawa Yoshimune

date of birth =birth date|1709|08|08|df=y
date of death =death date and age|1716|06|19|1709|08|08|df=y
father =Tokugawa Ienobu
mother =Gekkōin|

Tokugawa Ietsugu; 徳川 家継 (August 8, 1709-June 19, 1716) was the seventh shogun of the Tokugawa Dynasty, who ruled from 1713 until his death in 1716. He was the son of Tokugawa Ienobu, thus making him the grandson of Tokugawa Tsunashige, daimyo of Kofu, great-grandson of Tokugawa Iemitsu, great-great grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada, and finally the great-great-great grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Early Life (1709-1713)

Tokugawa Ietsugu was born in 1709 in Edo, being the eldest son of Shogun Tokugawa Ienobu and a concubine. At that time, his father was shogun, and was being advised by his long time Confucian advisor, Arai Hakuseki, who held considerable influence in the shogun's court at Edo. At the time Ietsugu was born, his father, Ienobu, was 48. His childhood name was Nobumatsu "kimi". Arai had traced the Tokugawa family's bloodline back to the Minamoto family, the founders of the first Shogunate. Thus, Ietsuga also was called Minamoto no Ietsugu. He was only three years old when his father died, upon which he became Shogun Ietsugu. [Screech, T. (2006). "Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822," p. 97.]

hogun Ietsugu (1713-1716)

Although Shogun Ietsugu assumed the role as formal head of the "bakufu",Titsingh, I. (1834). "Annales du empereurs du Japon," p. 416.] he was still a toddler. As he was not old or able enough to rule, he was put under the protection and advice of Confucian scholar Arai Hakuseki. Two problems were addressed during Ietsugu's reign: currency reform and foreign trade in Kyūshū. Ietsugu did not take much care of the country's matters; and his advisors, namely Arai Hakuseki, addressed them.

In 1713, prices were rising. Thus, after various proposals (most after the death of Ienobu) submitted to Shogun Ietsugu and Arai, it was decided to create a new currency. In 1714, the new metallic currency was introduced. While rice had increased during the rule of Ienobu, after the currency was introduced during the rule of Ietsugu, it fell to a lower level.

The currency reform was closely linked to foreign trade. In 1716, only Dutch and Chinese merchant ships could trade from Dejima in Nagasaki. Reform of the currency system also led to reform of trade rules as well. In 1716, a document was addressed saying that the "bakufu" would appoint two commissioners of Foreign Trade in Edo and Nagasaki, and that 30 Chinese ships and 2 Dutch ships be allowed to enter the country each year. Nonetheless, Japan still remained very isolated.

In "Shōoku" 6, on the 30th day of the 4th month (1716), Shogun Ietsugu died of complications of a cold, at the age of six. [Screech, p. 98.] He had not done much to rule -- but was thought of as a playful and mischeavous character. Since he left no children or direct heir, the direct paternal line of Tokugawa Ieyasu died out with him (one hundred years after Ieyasu died himself). Nonetheless, there were still collateral lineal branches descended from Ieyasu through one of his many children, and the new shogun, Tokugawa Yoshimune, was chosen from one of these lineal Tokugawa branches.

Eras of Ietsugu's "bakufu"

The years in which Ietsugu was shogun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or "nengō". [see above] ]
* " Shōtoku" (1711-1716)
* " Kyōhō" (1716-1736)

References

* Screech, Timon. (2006). "Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822." London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-7007-1720-X
* Titsingh, Isaac. (1822). "Illustrations of Japan." London: Ackerman.
* Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , "Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ...Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)]
* Totman, Conrad. (1967). "Politics in the Tokugawa bakufu, 1600-1843". Cambridge: Harvard University Press.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tokugawa Ietsugu — Tokugawa Ietsugu. Este artículo está titulado de acuerdo a la onomástica japonesa, en que el apellido precede al nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tokugawa Ietsugu — (徳川家継; * 8. August 1709 im Edo jō; † 19. Juni 1716), war von 1713 bis 1716 der 7. Shōgun der Edo Zeit in Japan. Er war bei „Amtsantritt“ vier Jahre alt und verstarb mit sieben Jahren. Tokugawa Ieshiges Grabstele auf dem Friedhof des Zōjō ji …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Tsunatoyo — Tokugawa Ienobu (徳川家宣; * 11. Juni 1662 in Edo; † 12. November 1712), war von 1709 bis 1712 der 6. Shōgun der Edo Zeit in Japan. Sein Wirken war stark von konfuzianischen Ansichten geprägt. Tokugawa Ienobu in klassischer Hoftracht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ietsugu Tokugawa — (徳川 家継 Tokugawa Ietsugu, 1709–1716) est le 7e shogun du Shogunat Tokugawa au Japon, de 1713 à 1716, commençant son règne à l âge de trois ans. Il est le fils de son prédécesseur Ienobu Tokugawa, et le dernier de la branche principale des Tokugawa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tokugawa Keiki — Tokugawa Yoshinobu Tokugawa Yoshinobu (jap. 徳川 慶喜; * 28. Oktober 1837; † 22. November 1913) war der letzte japanische Shōgun (1866–67). Er dankte 1867 unter dem Druck der Reformer ab, die anstelle des Shogunats (Bakufu) eine nominelle …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Ienobu — in klassischer Hoftracht Tokugawa Ienobu (徳川家宣; * 11. Juni 1662 in Edo; † 12. November 1712), war von 1709 bis 1712 der 6. Shōgun der Edo Zeit in Japan. Sein Wirken war stark von konfuzianischen Ansichten geprägt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Ieyasu — (jap. 徳川 家康; * 31. Januar 1543 in der Burg Okazaki; † 1. Juni 1616 in Sumpu (heute: Shizuoka)) war der Begründer des Tokugawa Shogunats in Japan und gilt mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Hidetada — (jap. 徳川 秀忠; * 30. Juli 1579 als Tokugawa Takechiyo (徳川 竹千代); † 14. März 1632) war der zweite Tokugawa Shogun. Er regierte von 1605 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Iemitsu — (jap. 徳川 家光; * 12. August 1604 als Tokugawa Takechiyo (徳川 竹千代); † 8. Juni 1651) war der dritte Shogun aus der Tokugawa Dynastie. Er regierte von 16 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Ieshige — (徳川家重; * 28. Januar 1712 in Akasaka, Edō; † 13. Juli 1761), war von 1745 bis 1760 der 9. Shōgun der Edo Zeit in Japan. Tokugawa Ieshige in klassischer Hoftracht Inhaltsverze …   Deutsch Wikipedia