Earl of Strafford


Earl of Strafford

Earl of Strafford is a title that has been created three times in British history. The first creation was in the Peerage of England in 1640 for Thomas Wentworth, 1st Baron Wentworth, the close advisor of King Charles I. He had already been created Baron Wentworth, of Wentworth-Woodhouse, Baron of Newmarch and Oversley, in 1628, Viscount Wentworth in 1629 and was made Baron Raby at the same time he was given the earldom. In 1641 he was attainted. His son successfully had the attainder reversed in 1662, but died without heirs in 1695 when the barony of Wentworth, viscountcy and earldom became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony of Raby according to a special remainder by his first cousin once removed, Thomas Wentworth, the third Baron. He was the grandson of Sir William Wentworth, younger brother of the first Earl of the 1640 creation. In 1711 the earldom was revived when he was created Viscount Wentworth and Earl of Strafford in the Peerage of Great Britain. However, all titles became extinct on the death of the third Earl in 1799.

The title was created for a third time in 1847 in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, when the prominent soldier John Byng, 1st Baron Strafford, was made Viscount Enfield, of Enfield in the County of Middlesex, and Earl of Strafford. He had already been created Baron Strafford, of Harmondsworth in the County of Middlesex, in 1833. Byng was the grandson the Hon. Robert Byng, third son of George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, and the great-grandson of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (of the second creation). He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He was a Whig politician and held minor office under Lord Grey, Lord Melbourne and Lord John Russell.

His eldest son, the third Earl, was a Liberal politician and served under William Gladstone as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Under-Secretary of State for India. In 1874, twelve years before he succeeded his father, he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Strafford. On his death the titles passed to his younger brother, the fourth Earl. He was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth Earl. He was a clergyman. His son, the sixth Earl, was a County Alderman in Middlesex and Hertfordshire. He was succeeded by his nephew, the seventh Earl. He was the second but only surviving son of the Hon. Ivo Francis Byng, fourth son of the fifth Earl. As of 2007 the titles are held by his eldest son, the eighth Earl, who succeeded in 1984. As a descendant of the first Viscount Torrington Lord Strafford is also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles the barony of Byng and baronetcy of Wrotham.

Another member of the Byng family was the soldier Field Marshal Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy. He was the youngest son of the second Earl of Strafford from his second marriage.

The family seat is Apple Tree Cottage, near Winchester, Hampshire.

Earls of Strafford, First Creation (1640)

*Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (1593-1641) (forfeit 1641)
*William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1626-1695) (attainder reversed 1662)

Barons Raby (1640; Reverted)

*Thomas Wentworth, 3rd Baron Raby (1672-1739) (created Earl of Strafford in 1711)

Earls of Strafford, Second Creation (1711)

*Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (1672-1739)
*William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1722-1791)
*Frederick Thomas Wentworth, 3rd Earl of Strafford (1732-1799)

Earls of Strafford, Third Creation (1847)

*John Byng, 1st Earl of Strafford (1772-1860)
*George Stevens Byng, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1806-1886)
*George Henry Charles Byng, 3rd Earl of Strafford (1830-1898)
*Henry William John Byng, 4th Earl of Strafford (1831-1899)
*Francis Edmund Cecil Byng, 5th Earl of Strafford (1835-1918)
*Edmund Henry Byng, 6th Earl of Strafford (1861-1951)
*Robert Cecil Byng, 7th Earl of Strafford (1904-1984)
*Thomas Edmund Byng, 8th Earl of Strafford (b.1936)

The Heir Apparent is the present holder's son William Robert Byng, Viscount Enfield (b. 1964)

ee also

*Viscount Torrington
*Viscount Byng of Vimy

References

*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/ www.thepeerage.com]


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