Sylvia Earle

Sylvia Earle

Infobox Scientist
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birth_date = August 30, 1935
birth_place = Gibbston, New Jersey
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nationality = American
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field = oceanography
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alma_mater = Duke University
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Sylvia Alice Earle (born August 30, 1935 in Gibbstown, New Jersey) is an American oceanographer. She was chief scientist for the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration from 1990-1992. She is a "National Geographic" Explorer-in-Residence, sometimes called "Her Deepness" or "The Sturgeon General". []

Earle received a B.S. degree from Florida State University (1955), M.S. (1956) and PhD. from Duke University (1966). She was Curator of Phycology at the California Academy of Sciences (1979-1986) and a Research Associate at the University of California, Berkeley (1969-1981), Radcliff Institute Scholar (1967-1969) and Research Fellow or Associate at Harvard University (1967-1981). She led the first team of women aquanauts during the Tektite Project in 1970. In 1979, she made an open-ocean JIM suit dive, setting a women's depth record of 1250 feet (381m); she also holds the women's record for a solo dive in a deep submersible(3280 feet, 1000m). From 1980 to 1984 she served on NACOA (the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere).In 1992 she founded Deep Ocean Engineeering along with her husband, engineer and submersible designer Graham Hawkes, to design, operate, support, and consult on piloted and robotic sub sea systems. The Deep Ocean Engineeering team designed and built the "Deep Rover" research submarine, which operates down to 1000 meters.

Earle has led more than 400 expeditions worldwide involving in excess of 7000 hours underwater in connection with her research. [ [ Home Page for Sylvia Earle ] ] From 1998 to 2002 she led the Sustainable Seas Expeditions, a five year program to study the United States National Marine Sanctuary sponsored by the National Geographic Society and funded by the Goldman Foundation. An expert on the impact of oil spills, she was called upon to lead several research trips during the Gulf War and following the spills of the ships, "Exxon Valdez" and "Mega Borg".

She is the author of more than 125 publications concerning marine science and technology including the books "Exploring the Deep Frontier, Sea Change" (1995), "Wild Ocean: America's Parks Under the Sea" (1999) and "The Atlas of the Ocean" (2001), she has participated in numerous television productions and given scientific, technical, and general interest lectures in more than 60 countries. Children's books that she has written include "Coral Reefs", "Hello Fish", "Sea Critters", and "Dive!"

Earle was named "Time" magazine's first "hero for the planet" in 1998. She is a Knight in the Netherlands Order of the Golden Ark.



External links

* [ Home Page for Sylvia Earle]
* [ National Geographic Profile]
* [ Sylvia Earle - Queen of the Deep] - Indepth profile.
* [ Sylvia Earle Biography]

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