1998 Sudan famine


1998 Sudan famine

The famine in Sudan in 1998 was a humanitarian disaster caused mainly by human rights abuses, as well as drought and the failure of the international community to react to the famine risk with adequate speed. [http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/sudan/SUDAWEB2.htm#P374_19682 Famine In Sudan, 1998] Human Rights Watch, Accessed May 25 2006 ] The worst affected area was Bahr El Ghazal in southwestern Sudan. In this region over 70,000Fact|date=February 2007 people diedFact|date=February 2007 during the famine.

Causes

The famine was caused almost entirely by human rights abuse and the war in Southern Sudan. [http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/africa/9807/31/sudan.famine/ Despite aid effort, Sudan famine squeezing life from dozens daily] CNN, Accessed May 25 2006 ] Despite the Sudanese government's claims that only the rebel groups were to blame, [http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/Day/980803/1998080337.html 70 Sudanese dying daily due to famine] Arabicnews.com Accessed May 25 2006] Human Rights Watch blamed the following groups:

* The government of Sudan
* The Baggara militia
* Sudan People's Liberation Army
* Dinka warlord Kerubino Kuanyin Bol

The government and Kuanyin Bol are blamed for their role in destroying the local agriculture during their attempt to take the city of Wau. [http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/sudan/SUDAWEB2-10.htm#P488_51738 The 1998 Famine In Bahr El Ghazal] Human Rights Watch, Accessed May 25 2006 ] The SPLA are blamed for their maintenance of slavery and pilfering of aid.

This was worsened by the late arrival of the rainy season and a failure to respond to the situation by the international community. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/11/newsid_2510000/2510999.stm 1998: UN warns of famine in Sudan] BBC Accessed May 25 2006 ]

Effects

The effects on the region were massive, with the excess mortality estimated at about 70 000 people. [http://www.ids.ac.uk/ids/bookshop/dp/dp369.pdf Famine in the Sudan: Causes, Preparedness and Response] Luka Biong Deng, Institute of Development Studies, 1999, accessed August 29 2006] ] Many more are thought to have been displaced, with over 72 000 people reported as migrating from the threatened rural zones to Wau alone from May 1998 to August 1998. [http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/sudan/SUDAWEB2-01.htm Bahr El Ghazal and the Famine of 1998] Human Rights Watch, Accessed May 25 2006] ]

Aftermath

A ceasefire was signed on July 15 1998, some eight months after the Sudanese government had first warned of a possible famine. After numerous extensions, this ceasefire lasted nearly a year, until April 1999. However, the Baggara militia continued to ignore the ceasefire, reducing the ability of aid agencies to help. [ [http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/sudan/SUDAWEB2-47.htm#P1714_319942 Cease-fire Brought Relief] Human Rights Watch, Accessed May 25 2006 ] Thanks to a good crop and this ceasefire, however, the situation was brought under control by the end of 1998. [ [http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/sudan/SUDAWEB2-49.htm#P1735_324735 Political Complications Boding Ill For Future Relief: The 1998 Famine in Bahr El Ghazal is Brought Under Control] Human Rights Watch, Accessed May 25 2006 ] However, the area has remained in trouble and a number of famine warnings have come since the end of 1998.

See also

* Second Sudanese Civil War
* Darfur conflict

Notes and references

External links

* [http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/sudan/index.htm#TopOfPage Human Rights Watch Report on the Famine]
* [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40C1EF83C5D0C7A8EDDAE0894DC494D81&showabstract=1#TopOfPage Report of the Pullitzer-winning photographer's death who shot the NY Times cover about the Sudan Femine- baby toddler crawling for food with the vulture waiting around for him/her to die to eat it]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Famine — This article is about scarcity of food. For other uses, see Famine (disambiguation). Child victim of the Holodomor. A famine is a widespread scarcity of food. This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation …   Wikipedia

  • Famine scales — are the ways in which degrees of food security are measured, from situations in which an entire population has adequate food to full scale famine. The word famine has highly emotive and political connotations and there has been extensive… …   Wikipedia

  • Sudan, The — officially Republic of the Sudan Country, North Africa. Area: 966,757 sq mi (2,503,890 sq km). Population (2002 est.): 37,090,000. Capital: Khartoum. Muslim Arab ethnic groups live in the northern and central two thirds of the country, while… …   Universalium

  • Sudan, history of the — Introduction       history of the area from prehistoric and ancient times to the present. Ancient Nubia  The earliest inhabitants of what is now The Sudan can be traced to African peoples who lived in the vicinity of Khartoum in Mesolithic times… …   Universalium

  • Sudan — /sooh dan /, n. 1. a region in N Africa, S of the Sahara and Libyan deserts, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea. 2. Republic of the. Formerly, Anglo Egyptian Sudan. a republic in NE Africa, S of Egypt and bordering on the Red Sea: a… …   Universalium

  • Sudan — This article is about the country. For the geographical region, see Sudan (region). For the state that seceded from Sudan, see South Sudan. For other uses, see Sudan (disambiguation). Republic of the Sudan جمهورية السودان Jumhūrīyat as Sūdān …   Wikipedia

  • Sudan — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Sudan <p></p> Background: <p></p> Military regimes favoring Islamic oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan …   The World Factbook

  • Human rights in Sudan — Some human rights organizations have documented a variety of abuses and atrocities carried out by the Sudanese government over the past several years. Abuses in conflict settingsConflicts between the government and rebel groups the civil war… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Sudan-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Sudan. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.udan* SudanBuildings and structures in SudanArchaeological sites in Sudan* H.U.N.E. * Nubian …   Wikipedia

  • Aktion Überlebensbrücke Sudan — OLS Einsatzgebiet: Sudan Deutsche Bezeichnung: Aktion Überlebensbrücke Sudan Englische Bezeichnung: Operation Lifeline Sudan …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.