- Shanghai People's Commune
People's Communewas originally established during the Cultural Revolution in the late 1960's.
The Commune was modeled on the
Paris Commune. Control was supposed to fall into the hands of the workers thus establishing a grassroots system.
Mao Zedonglater decided that the commune would not be the best idea at the time. He became fearful that communes would soon replace the PRC and thought this step was too far at the current stage of Chinese development. He also feared a war with the Soviet Union at the same time, and that the decentralization of power of the state through local communes would give the upper hand to the Soviets. Therefore, he ordered the disbandment of the commune after a discussion with the founders. It had only existed for less than a month.
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