Ercole II d'Este


Ercole II d'Este

Ercole II d'Este (April 5, 1508 - October 3, 1559) was Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559. He was a member of the house of Este and the eldest son of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia.

Through his mother, Ercole was a grandson of Pope Alexander VI, nephew of Cesare Borgia, and cousin of Saint Francis Borgia. Through his father, he was nephew of both Isabella d'Este, "the First Lady of the Renaissance", and Cardinal Ippolito d'Este.
His siblings included Ippolito II, Archbishop of Milan and later Cardinal, nun Leonora, and Francesco, Marchese di Massalombarda. His half-siblings included Rodrigo Borgia of Aragon, Lucrezia’s son by Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Bisceglie, and perhaps Giovanni Borgia, the “infans Romanus”.

In April 1528, he married Renée of France, the second daughter of Louis XII, King of France, and Anne of Brittany. Renée received from Francis I of France an ample dowry and annuity. Thus the court she assembled about her in Ferrara corresponded to the tradition which the cultivation of science and art implicitly required, including scholars like Bernardo Tasso and Fulvio Pellegrini Morato.
Their first child, Anna, born in 1531, was followed by Alfonso in 1533; Lucrezia in 1535, who was marriaed to the duke of Urbino; and later Eleonora and Luigi, whose education she carefully directed.

Once he became Duke in October of 1534, Ercole turned against the French at his court, finding them both too expensive and too influential, and by 1543 they had all been dismissed. He was also under pressure from the Curia to dismiss those suspected of heresy; John Calvin himself was in Ferrara sometime in 1536. Meanwhile, Duchess Renée was corresponding with a number of Protestants and was suspected to have converted, despite the presence of a special court of the Inquisition in Ferrara. Ercole brought accusations of heresy against his wife to King Henry II of France and Inquisitor Oriz in 1554, and she subsequently confessed.

Ercole sided with Pope Paul IV and France against Spain in 1556, but made a separate peace agreement in 1558.
He was also a patron of the arts along with his brother, Cardinal Ippolito, who built the Villa d'Este near Tivoli.

Ancestors


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ercole III. d'Este — Ercole III. d’Este Maria Teresia Cybo Malaspina Ercole III. Rinaldo d’Este (* 22. November 1727 in Modena; † 14. Oktober 1803 in Treviso) war der dritte Sohn, der älteste erwachs …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole II. d'Este — Ercole II. d’Este Ercole II. d’Este (* 4. April 1508 in Ferrara; † 3. Oktober 1559 ebenda) war der älteste Sohn Alfonsos I., des Herzogs von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio, und Lucrezia Borgias. Er folgte seinem Vater am 31. Oktober 1534 als Herzog… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole I. d'Este — Ercole I. d’Este Ercole I. d’Este (* 26. Oktober 1431 in Ferrara; † 15. Juni 1505 ebenda) war eines der ehelichen Kinder Niccolòs III. d’Este, des Markgrafen von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio. Er folgte seinem Halbbruder Borso d’Este am 20. August… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole III. d’Este — Maria Teresia Cybo Malaspina …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole II. d’Este — (* 4. April 1508 in Ferrara; † 3. Oktober 1559 ebenda) war der älteste Sohn Alfonsos I., des Herzogs von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio, und der Lucrezia Borgia. Er folgte seinem Vater am 31. Oktober 1534 als Herzog n …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole I. d’Este — (* 26. Oktober 1431 in Ferrara; † 15. Juni 1505 ebenda) war eines der ehelichen Kinder Niccolòs III. d’Este, des Markgrafen von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio. Er folgte seinem Halbbruder Borso d’Este am 20. August 1471 als Herzo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara — Ercole I d Este, possibly by Dosso Dossi (Galleria Estense, Modena) Ercole I d Este (26 October 1431 – 15 June 1505) was Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505. He was a member of the house of Este. He was nicknamed North Wind and the Diamond.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena — Ercole III Rinaldo d Este (november 22, 1727 october 14, 1803) was Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1780 to 1796. He was a member of the House of Este.BiographyHe was born in Modena, the son of Duke Francesco III and Charlotte Aglae, daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • Corso Ercole I d'Este — Vue du corso Ercole I d Este …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ercole d'Este I — Ercole I d Este (October 26, 1431 ndash; june 15, 1505) was Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505. He was a member of the house of Este. He was nicknamed North Wind and the Diamond . [http://www.xenophon mil.org/milhist/renaissance/deste.htm]… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.