Stepan Petrichenko


Stepan Petrichenko

Infobox Officeholder
name = Stepan Petrichenko

|230px
nationality = Russian
order = Chairman of the Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders of Nargen
term_start = December, 1917
term_end = February 26, 1918
predecessor = Vladimir Lenin (Russian SFSR)
successor = Wilhelm II (German Empire)
birth_date = 1892
birth_place = Imperial Russia
death_date = death date|1947|6|2|mf=y (aged 55)
death_place = Soviet Union
profession = Politician, revolutionary
party = Anarcho-syndicalism

Stepan Maximovich Petrichenko ( _ru. Степан Максимович Петриченко; 1892 – June 2, 1947), was a Russian revolutionary, an anarcho-syndicalist politician, one of the main leaders of the Third Russian Revolution, the head of the Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders of Nargen and in 1921, "de facto" leader of the Kronstadt Commune, and the leader of the "revolution comiteé appointed" which led to the Kronstadt Rebellion of 1921.

Biography

Petrichenko was born in 1892 in the village of Nikitenka, Zhizdrinskogo county, Kaluga province (Russia) to a family of peasants.Two years after his birth his family moved to Zaporizhia, where Stepan graduated from City College and joined the local ironworks as a metalworker. In 1913 Petrichenko was called up for military service with the Russian navy, where he was assigned to the Russian battleship Petropavlovsk, part of the Baltic Fleet.

During the February Revolution in Russia, he had been with the fleet at the Estonian island Nargen (now "Naissaar").In December 1917, it was proclaimed a "Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders".A republic under the red-black flag of anarcho-syndicalism was launched with eighty-two navy troops guiding hundreds of indigenous islanders.

Petrichenko fought the Bolsheviks, and the German Empire, aiding in the evacuation of Naissaar on February 26 with the Baltic Fleet in the direction of Helsinki, and from there to Kronstadt.

In 1919 he entered the Russian Communist Party (bolsheviks) himself but later resigned (a veiled cleansing).In the summer of 1920, he went home and returned with the approval of Nestor Makhno.He was not a career officer in the Baltic fleet, and when he took the responsibility of guiding the fleet he was an engineer on the battle ship Petropavlovsk. After the rebellion was struck down by Trotsky, he fled over the ice to Finland, where he continued his agitation against the Bolsheviks. He stayed in Finland for many years, until he came into conflict with the Finnish government over his support of Soviet groups during the Winter War between the Soviet Union and Finland in 1940. He was expelled to the Soviet Union, where he was soon arrested and deported to prison camp where he died shortly after.

External links

* [http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mhuey/TOC/TOC.Authors.html The Truth about Kronstadt]
* [http://www.skarv.se/ij/IJKron1921.htm Kronstadt 1921]
* [http://www.marxist.com/russiske-revolution-farver-4.htm "Den russiske revolution i farver" - En kritisk anmeldelse]
* [http://www.alasbarricadas.org/forums/viewtopic.php?p=239764&sid=cb2f66da79baf71fe40c1fa3b538ef78 Kronstadt: Mentiras anarquistas]
* [http://www.answers.com/topic/kronstadt-rebellion Kronstadt rebellion]
* [http://www.soviethistory.org/index.php?action=L2&SubjectID=1921kronshtadt&Year=1921 Kronstadt Uprising]

References

*cite book |last=Petrichenko |first=Stepan |authorlink= |coauthors= |others= |title=Pravda o kronshtadtskikh sobytiiakh |year=1921 |publisher= |location= |id= ( _ru. "Правда о кронштадтских событиях") ( [http://orbis.uoregon.edu/record=b7714181 bibrec] ):"The truth about the Kronstadt events"


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