- USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7)
USS "Mount McKinley" (AGC-7/LCC-7) was the
lead shipof the "Mount McKinley"-class of amphibious force command ships. She was named after the highest mountain in North America. She was designed as an amphibious force flagship, a floating command post with advanced communications equipment and extensive combat information spaces to be used by the amphibious forces commander and landing force commander during large-scale operations.
Launch and commissioning
"Mount McKinley" (AGC 7), was laid down as "Cyclone", a
transport, on 31 July 1943by North Carolina Shipbuilding Company, Wilmington, North Carolina; launched on 27 September, sponsored by Mrs. T. L. Lainer; renamed "Mount McKinley" on 27 December1943; and commissioned at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyardon 1 May 1944, with Captain W. M. Grahamin command.
World War II
After a brief shakedown cruise, she departed Norfolk 8 June for Hawaii, arriving at
Pearl Harboron 27 June. The new AGC got underway on 20 July, for Palauwith Amphibious Group 5embarked. The assault force arrived off Peleliu15 September, with ComPhibGru 5 directing the landing of the 1st Marine Division. On 28 September, AGC 7 proceeded to nearby Ngesebus Island to provide shore bombardment coordination. "Mount McKinley" left the area 14 October after Peleliu and the other main islands of the chain were secure. After a stop at Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, the ship sailed to San Pedro Bay, Leyte Gulf, for the assault on Leyte and Ormoc. While in San Pedro Bay, the force was under constant air attack, but the AGC was not hit. 15 December, the ship participated in the invasion of Mindoroand proceeded to Lingayen Gulfto direct shore bombardment on 9 January. After directing an unopposed landing at San Narciso, near Subic Bay, the command ship returned to Leyte Gulf. On 21 March 1945, "Mount McKinley" proceeded to Kerama Rettooff the southern coast of Okinawa. Six days prior to the last major assault of the war, AGC 7 directed the landing of the 77th Infantry Division. For the next 2 months, the ship remained at anchorage at Kerama Retto, threatened by constant air attacks. On 22 May, she sailed for Saipan, thence to Pearl Harborand San Francisco, arriving in CONUS23 June.
In overhaul for 2 months, she deployed 20 August. Arriving Sasebo 23 September, she participated in landing occupation troops there and at Kure. Returning to the United States 12 February 1946, she sailed in the early summer for
Bikini Atollwhere she was flagshipfor Operation Crossroads. Following the atomic bomb test in July, the ship operated out of San Diegofor the next 18 months. In early 1948, she was the command ship for the atomic bomb test at Eniwetok. Upon completion of these tests, she returned to San Diegoto resume coastal operations.
On 20 May 1950, "Mount McKinley" was underway for WesPac to conduct training operations with the 8th Army. On 26 June, the ship proceeded from
Japanto direct the landing of American reinforcements at Po Hanat the beginning of the Korean War. In early September 1950, General Douglas MacArthurwas on board, directing the amphibious assault at Inchonwhich forced the Communists to retreat north. The next assault was against the heavily mined port of Wonsan. When communist Chinese troops entered the war, and American troops were pushed back to the Hungman beachhead, "Mount McKinley" assisted in the evacuation. In late January 1951, she assisted in the transfer of thousands of Korean refugees to Cheja Island. On 7 June 1951, "Mount McKinley" sailed from Yokosukaand entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard3 August for an extensive overhaul. "Mount McKinley" departed for WesPac, 6 March 1952, returning to the States 30 January 1953. While in Mare Island Naval Shipyard, a helicopter deck was installed on the fantail. AGC 7 sailed again, 27 October 1953, for her third tour of duty in the Korean wararea, arriving Yokosuka16 November. From then until her departure for the States 30 July 1954, she was involved in fleet and amphibious exercises off Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. After arrival in San Diego18 August, the remainder of the year was spent in local operations and a month long training exercise off Hawaii in October. In the spring of 1955, "Mount McKinley" served as flagshipfor Operation Wigwam, an underwater atomic bomb test in the central Pacific. After a yard overhaul in the summer of 1955, the amphibious flagship returned to WestPac in January 1956 for a 3 month period. In April, she was press observer ship for further nuclear tests.
Atlantic and Mediterranean service
On 3 June, the ship returned to
San Diegoand was detached from the Pacific Fleet 1 September. She arrived Norfolk 20 September via the Panama Canal. The following January 9th, AGC-7 deployed to the Mediterranean. While in the eastern Mediterranean, the ship rescued the crew of a burning Greek fishing vessel, extinguished the fire, and towed the damaged vessel into Port. After conducting NATOand fleet exercises in the Mediterranean, she returned to Norfolk 19 June. September and early October were spent in NATOexercises in the eastern Atlantic. In January 1958, "Mount McKinley" deployed to 6th Meet, operating with the Amphibious Ready Group in NATO and U.S. exercises. Due to return to the States in June, the ship’s departure was delayed due to increasing tensions in the Middle East. The ship served as an afloat headquarters for the Marine force landed in Lebanonduring the crisis of July 1958. She returned to Norfolk 16 August. "Mount McKinley"’s third Mediterraneancruise from 20 February to 26 August 1959 was marked by seven amphibious exercises involving U.S. and NATOforces.
In February 1960, the ship sailed to
Valparaiso, Chile, via the Panama Canalto provide communications support for President Eisenhower’s good will visit to Latin America. On 19 April, the AGC deployed to 6th Fleet, returning to Norfolk 7 December. Upon completion of her yard period in the summer of 1961, "Mount McKinley" made her fifth deployment to the Mediterraneanfrom September to February 1962, acting as flagshipfor several large scale amphibious exercises. In October, during the Cuban missile crisis, "Mount McKinley" served at flagshipfor ComPhibLant and ComPhIbGru 4. Following the Cuban quarantine, she sailed for the Mediterranean10 January 1963 to act as command flagshipfor the Amphibious Strike Force. Arriving back in Norfolk 2 August 1963, she entered Norfolk Naval Shipyardfor a FRAM II overhaul, extending from September to January 1964. After refresher training and exercise “Quick Kick V,” AGC 7 departed Norfolk 10 May, arriving San Diego26 May via Panama Canal. Immediately after the Tonkin Gulf Incident, she was ordered to Southeast Asia.
She sailed from
San Diego25 August, arriving Luzon16 September. She relieved Eldorado at Subic Baya week later, becoming flagshipof the 7th Fleet, Amphibious Strike Force. Taking station in the South China Sea, with other elements of Amphibious Group 1, AGC 7 stood prepared for any contingency. While proceeding to Bangkok, "Mount McKinley" came to assistance of Herkimer, whose master was severely ill. Herkimer’s captain was taken on board for further treatment in Singapore while the MSTS ship sailed on to Saigon. In early March and again in mid April, the flagshipcoordinated the landing of Marine reinforcements at Da Nangand Hue, Vietnam. Relieved by "Estes" at Subic Bayin April, she arrived San Diego15 May 1965. The command ship sailed again from San Diegoon 15 March, arriving at Subic Bayon 17 Aprilvia Pearl Harbor. Based there, the ship visited ports in Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Vietnam, and Okinawa, acting as flagshipof ComPhibGru 1. On 23 August, "Mount McKinley" sailed for home, arriving 19 September1966. She sailed on her third WesPac deployment 1 July, arriving Da Nang 28 Julyto become once more the flagshipof Commander, 7th Fleet Amphibious Force. She provided communications support for search and destroy operations against the Vietcongand North Vietnameseregulars. As in earlier deployments, support for our military forces was combined with civic action for the benefit of the helpless civilian victims of war. Relieved in mid-January, AGC-7 sailed east for CONUSand home, arriving San Diego 10 February 1968. The ship’s designation was changed from AGC-7 to LCC-7 on 1 January 1969. Following her arrival back in CONUS, she has been engaged in type training and amphibious exercises on the west coast as flagshipof ComPhibGru 3 Into 1969.
Awards and Decommissioning
"Mount McKinley" received four
battle stars for World War IIservice and eight stars for Korean service. "Mount McKinley" was sold for disposal in 1976.
* [http://www.USSMtMcKinley.Com: USS "Mount McKinley Association Home Page"]
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/0107.htm navsource.org: USS "Mount McKinley"]
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ships/AGC/AGC-7_MountMcKinley.html Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945]
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