13th Battalion, CEF


13th Battalion, CEF

The 13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada) of the Canadian Expeditionary Force was an active service battalion during the First World War.

The battalion was formed from volunteers from the Royal Highland Regiment of Canada (The Black Watch), a militia regiment based in Montreal, as well as men from other militia regiments. Sent to England as part of the First Contingent in September, 1914, the 13th Battalion became part of the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division. The 3rd Brigade had the distinction of containing the 13th Battalion (the Royal Highlanders of Canada), the 14th Battalion (the Royal Montreal Regiment), the 15th Battalion (the 48th Highlanders of Canada) and the 16th Battalion (the Canadian Scottish).

The 1st Canadian Division served on the Western Front from April, 1915 until the armistice in November, 1918. Its baptism of fire occurred at the Second Battle of Ypres in April, 1915, when the German Army used chlorine gas for the first time in war. Neighbouring French divisions fled in terror from the new weapon, but the Canadians held the line at tremendous cost.

The 1st Canadian Division fought in every major engagement involving the Canadian Corps, including the Second Battle of Ypres in 1915, the Somme in 1916, Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele in 1917, and the Pursuit to Mons in 1918.

Three members of the 13th Battalion won the Victoria Cross. The first, Frederick Fisher, won his on 23 April 1915 at St. Julien during the Second Battle of Ypres. Two other members, Herman James Good and John Bernard Croak, won their crosses on 8 August 1918 at Hangard Wood, near Amiens in France. Croak's award was posthumous.

After the armistice, the 13th Battalion returned to Canada and was disbanded in April, 1919. On December 1, 1920, the 13th Battalion was perpetuated by the 1st Battalion of the newly reorganized The Royal Highlanders of Canada.

External links

* [http://www.regiments.org/regiments/na-canada/warformed/inf-cef/013bn.htm 13th Battalion CEF] at Regiments.org


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 13th Battalion — may refer to:* 13th Battalion, CEF, a unit of the Canadian Army * 13th Shavnabada Light Infantry Battalion, a unit of the Georgian Army * 13th Airmobile Battalion (Ukraine), a unit of the Ukranian Army * 13th Psychological Operations Battalion, a …   Wikipedia

  • 38th Battalion, CEF — The 38th Battalion, CEF was a unit of the First World War Canadian Expeditionary Force.The battalion was mobilized in Ottawa and recruited in Ottawa and district (Brockville, Perth, Prescott and Alexandria).An initial draft of 5 officers and 251… …   Wikipedia

  • 207th (Carleton) Battalion, CEF — Organized at Ottawa by Lt Col Charles Wesley MacLean with members recruited by the 43rd Regiment Duke of Cornwall s Own Rifles and volunteers from Carleton Co. and environs beginning in February 1916. Initial training was conducted at Rockcliffe… …   Wikipedia

  • 164th (Halton and Dufferin) Battalion, CEF — The 164th Battalion, CEF 3rd Battalion The Lorne Rifles (Scottish) was a unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War. Based in Orangeville, Ontario, the unit began recruiting in late 1915 in Halton and Dufferin Counties.… …   Wikipedia

  • 140th (St. John's Tigers) Battalion, CEF — The 140th (St. John s Tigers) Battalion, CEF was a unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War. Based in Saint John, New Brunswick, the unit began recruiting in late 1915 throughout New Brunswick. After sailing to England… …   Wikipedia

  • 132nd (North Shore) Battalion, CEF — The 132nd (North Shore) Battalion, CEF was a unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War. Based in Chatham, New Brunswick, the unit began recruiting in late 1915 in North Shore and Northumberland Counties. After sailing to …   Wikipedia

  • 165th (French Acadian) Battalion, CEF — The 165th (French Acadian) Battalion, CEF was a unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War. Based in Moncton, New Brunswick, the unit began recruiting in late 1915 throughout the Maritime provinces. After sailing to… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (0-9) — # 1 Alpine Division Taurinense # 1 Alpini Regiment # 1 Cent WWII (Dutch coin) # 1 Mountain Artillery Regiment (Italy) # 1 vs 40 (Zipang manga) # 1. Jagd Division # 1.1 /75 caliber gun # 10 cm K 17 # 10.5 cm FlaK 38 # 10.5 cm leFH 16 # 10.5 cm… …   Wikipedia

  • List of infantry battalions in the Canadian Expeditionary Force — During the First World War, the Canadian Army authorized the formation of 260 infantry battalions to serve in the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Of these, only a small fraction of these battalions ever reached France to serve on the front lines.… …   Wikipedia

  • Second Battle of Ypres — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Second Battle of Ypres partof=the Western Front of World War I caption= The Second Battle of Ypres by Richard Jack, 146 x 234½ in., at the Canadian War Museum. date=Thursday 22 April 25 May 1915 place=Ypres,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.