- Sakai, Osaka
Infobox City Japan
July 1, 2008
CityHallAddress= 3-1 Minamikawaramachi, Sakai-ku, Sakai-shi, Osaka-fu
CityHallLink= [http://www.city.sakai.osaka.jp/index_en.html City of Sakai] nihongo|Sakai|堺市|Sakai-shi is a city located in
Osaka Prefecture, Japan. It has been one of the largest and most important seaports of Japan since the Medieval era.
Following the February 2005 annexation of Mihara Town in Minamikawachi District, the city has grown further and is now the fourteenth most populous city in Japan, [ [http://www.city.sakai.osaka.jp/foreigner_en/profile/profile1.html Sakai City profile] . Accessed
2007-03-13. Note that although the reference refers to Sakai as the fourteenth-largest city in Japan, this reference excludes Tokyo.] with 833,414 residents as of 2007-05-01. [nihongo|Sakai City Department of Planning, Head of Statistical Research|堺市企画部調査統計担当|Kikakubu Chōsa Tōkei Tantō. Published 2007-05-21.] The current city was legally founded on April 1, 1889according to the laws of Imperial Japan. Sakai became a designated city in April 2006 [ [http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/20070217TDY03003.htm "Tokyo pollsters in the money"] , " Yomiuri Shimbun", 2007-02-17. Accessed 2007-03-13.] giving it a greater measure of self-determination in governmental affairs. It is divided into seven districts.
Sakai is known for its keyhole-shaped burial mounds, or
kofun, which date from the 5th century. The largest of these, Daisen Kofun, is believed to be the grave of the Emperor Nintokuand is the largest grave in the world by volume. Once known for samurai swords, Sakai is now famous for the quality of its Japanese kitchen knives; most high-quality Japanese cutlery originates in Sakai, and its production is a major industry in the city.
Muromachi PeriodSakai was one of richest cities in Japan.Sakai is located on the edge of Osaka Bayand at the mouth of the Yamato River, which connected the Yamato Province(now Nara Prefecture) to the sea. Sakai thus helped to connect foreign trade with inland trade.
Sakai was an autonomous city run by merchant citizens. In those days it was said that the richest cities were "Umi Sakai, Riku Imai" (tr. "along the sea, Sakai; inlands, Imai"). The famous
ZenBuddhist priest Ikkyuchose to live in Sakai because of its free atmosphere. In the Sengoku Periodsome Christian priests, including St. Francis Xavier in 1550, visited Sakai and documented its prosperity.
, seized power. Sakai became a prosperous city again under his reign.
Sen no Rikyu, known as the greatest master of the tea ceremony, was originally a merchant of Sakai. Because of the close relationship between the tea ceremony and Zen Buddhism, and because of the prosperity of its citizens, Sakai was one of the main centers of the tea ceremony in Japan.
Sakai was still an important trade center during the
Edo Period, but was involved only in inland trade due to the Bakufu(Sakoku) policy of the Tokugawa government. At the end of this era Westerners again landed in Sakai, but it resulted in a tragic incident, because the Japanese citizenry and the foreigners were ignorant of each others' ways. French sailors from the "Dupleix" and Sakai citizens clashed; some French were killed, and subsequently the Japanese responsible for these deaths were sentenced to death by seppuku. This incident is called the nihongo| Sakai Incident|堺事件|Sakai-jiken.
In modern times, Sakai is an industrial city with a large port. As such, its western area suffered widespread damage from bombing raids during the Second World War. It is now known for its knives and is the home of
Shimanobicycle parts. With a population of over 800,000, it is the largest suburb of Osaka City and the fourteenth-largest city in Japan.
Sakai has seven wards ("ku"):
Sister cities and friendship cities
California, United States- 1967
Lianyungang, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China- 1983
Tanegashima, Kagoshima, Japan- 1986
* Higashiyoshino, Nara,
Wellington, New Zealand- 1994
Sen no Rikyu
Ore Ska Band
*Kentaro Kobuchi and Shunsuke Kuroda, the members of the music group
Akiko Yosano, Japanese poet and novelist
Hideo Nomoworked in Shin-nittetsu Sakai and played on its club team before he was scouted by the Kintetsu Buffaloes.
Masayuki Ishikawa, author
Yudetamago, mangakaduo (attended Hatsushiba High School in Higashi-ku)
* [http://www.city.sakai.osaka.jp/ Sakai official website] ja icon
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