Carola of Vasa

Carola of Vasa

Princess Carola of Sweden or of Vasa ("Caroline Friederike Franziska Stephanie Amelie Cecilie") (5 August, 1833 at Schonbrunn – 15 December, 1907 at Dresden) was a princess of Sweden and queen consort of Saxony. She was the daughter of the former Crown Prince Gustav of Sweden and Princess Luise Amelie Stephanie of Baden, and a granddaughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden who had been deposed in 1809.

In the early 1850s, she was considered one of the most beautiful royal princesses of Europe. Suitors were not lacking, and there had been plans for her to marry Napoléon III, Emperor of the French. She was a cousin of the Emperor's through her maternal grandmother Stéphanie de Beauharnais. Her father was against the marriage due to the volatile political situation in France and his dynasty's historical dispute with the Napoleon monarchy. 20 years later, when Napoleon III fell from power, her father is quoted as saying, "I foresaw that correctly!"

In 1852, against her father's wishes, Carola converted to Catholicism. On 18 June, 1853, Carola married Crown Prince Albert of Saxony, who later succeeded his father as King Albert I. Their marriage was childless. Her closest heirs were: in paternal side, Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (1857-1928), son of her first cousin; and her first cousin King Carol I of Romania (1839-1914) in maternal side.


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1= 1. Princess Carola of Sweden
2= 2. Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden
3= 3. Princess Luise Amelie Stephanie of Baden
4= 4. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
5= 5. Frederica of Baden
6= 6. Karl, Grand Duke of Baden
7= 7. Stéphanie de Beauharnais
8= 8. Gustav III of Sweden
9= 9. Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
10= 10. Margrave Charles Louis of Baden
11= 11. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
12= 12. Margrave Charles Louis of Baden (= 10)
13= 13. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 11)
14= 14. Claude de Beauharnais, 2nd Count of Roches-Baritaud
15= 15. Claude Françoise de Lezay
16= 16. Adolf Frederick of Sweden
17= 17. Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
18= 18. Frederick V of Denmark
19= 19. Louise of Great Britain
20= 20. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
21= 21. Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
22= 22. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
23= 23. Caroline of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
24= 24. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden (= 20)
25= 25. Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 21)
26= 26. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 22)
27= 27. Caroline of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (= 23)


* Schimpff, George von. "Aus dem Leben der Königin Carola von Sachsen: zur fünfundzwanzigjährigen Regierungs-Jubelfeier Seiner Majestät des Königs und Ihrer Majestät der Königin". Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs, 1898.

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