- Stephen Schwartz (composer)
Infobox musical artist
Name = Stephen Schwartz
Img_size = 200px
Background = non_performing_personnel
Born = Birth date and age|1948|3|6|df=yes
New York, New York, United States.
Genre = Theater/Film
Years_active = 1970 - present
Stephen Lawrence Schwartz (born
March 6, 1948) is an American musical theaterlyricist and composer. In a career already spanning over four decades, Schwartz has written such hit musicals as " Godspell" ( 1971), "Pippin" ( 1972) and "Wicked" ( 2003). He has also contributed lyrics for a number of successful films, including "Pocahontas" ( 1995), "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" ( 1996), " The Prince of Egypt" ( 1998; music and lyrics) and "Enchanted" ( 2007). Along the way, Schwartz has won three Grammy Awards, three Academy Awardsand garnered six Tony Awardnominations.
Stephen Schwartz was born in
New York Cityand grew up in the area of Williston Park, where he attended Mineola High School. He studied piano and composition at the Juilliard School of Musicwhile in high school and graduated from Carnegie Mellon Universityin 1968 with a B.F.A. in Drama.
Upon returning to New York City, Schwartz went to work as a producer for RCA Records, but shortly thereafter began to work in the
Broadway theatre. His first major credit was the title song for the play " Butterflies Are Free"; the song was eventually used in the movie version as well.
In 1971, he wrote music and new lyrics for "
Godspell", for which he won several awards including two Grammys. This was followed by the English texts, in collaboration with Leonard Bernstein, for Bernstein's "Mass", which opened the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. In 1972, the long-running "Pippin" premiered on Broadway. Schwartz had begun writing songs for "Pippin" while in college, although none of the songs from the college version ended up in the Broadway production. Both "Pippin" and "Godspell" continue to be frequently produced.
Two years after "Pippin" debuted, Schwartz wrote music and lyrics to "
The Magic Show", which ran for just under 2,000 performances. Next were the music and lyrics for " The Baker's Wife", which closed before reaching Broadway after a disastrous out-of-town tryout tour in 1976. However, the cast album went on to attain cult status, leading to several subsequent productions, including a Londonproduction directed by Trevor Nunnin 1990 and, in 2005, a highly–acclaimed production at the Papermill Playhousein New Jersey.
In 1978, Schwartz's next Broadway project was a musical version of
Studs Terkel's "Working", which he adapted and directed, winning the Drama Desk Awardas best director, and for which he contributed four songs. He also co-directed the television production, which was presented as part of the PBS "American Playhouse" series. In 1977, Schwartz wrote a children's book called " The Perfect Peach". In the 1980s, Schwartz wrote songs for a one-act musical for children, "The Trip", which 20 years later was revised, expanded and produced as "Captain Louie". He then wrote music for three of the songs of an Off-Broadway revue, " Personals", and lyrics to Charles Strouse's music for the musical "Rags".
In 1991, Schwartz wrote the music and lyrics for the popular musical "
Children of Eden". He then began working in film, collaborating with composer Alan Menkenon the scores for the Disney animated features "Pocahontas" (1995), for which he received two Academy Awards, and "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" (1996). He also provided songs for DreamWorks' first animated feature, " The Prince of Egypt" (1998), winning another Academy Award for the song " When You Believe". He wrote music and lyrics for the original television musical, "Geppetto" (2000), seen on The Wonderful World of Disney. A stage adaptation of this piece premiered in June 2006 at The Coterie Theatre in Kansas City, Missouri, and was entitled "Geppetto and Son."
In 2003, Schwartz returned to Broadway, as composer and lyricist for "Wicked", a musical based on the novel ', which tells the story of the famous "Oz" characters from the point of view of the witches. Schwartz won a Grammy Award for his work as composer and lyricist and producer of "Wickeds
cast recording. On March 23, 2006, the Broadway production of "Wicked" passed the 1,000 performance mark, making Schwartz one of four composers (the other three being Andrew Lloyd Webber, Jerry Herman, and Richard Rodgers) to have three shows last that long on Broadway (the other two were "Pippin" and "The Magic Show"). In 2007, Schwartz joined Jerry Herman as being one of only two composer/lyricists to have three shows run longer than 1,500 performances on Broadway.
Schwartz also wrote lyrics for the successful 2007 Disney film "Enchanted", again collaborating with Menken. Three songs from the film, "Happy Working Song," "That's How You Know," and "So Close," were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song. A recent project is
incidental musicfor his son Scott Schwartz's adaptation of Willa Cather's " My Antonia". He has also written the theme song for the new Playhouse Disneyshow " Johnny and the Sprites", starring John Tartaglia.
He is currently writing an opera based on the film "
Seance on a Wet Afternoon".Fact|date=January 2008
Awards and nominations
Schwartz has won almost every major award in his field, including three
Oscars, three Grammys, four Drama Desk Awards, one Golden Globe Awardand a self-described "tiny handful of tennis trophies."
He has received five
Tony Awardnominations: "Wicked", "Pippin", and "Godspell", music and lyrics; "Rags", lyrics; and "Working", music, lyrics, and book. [ [http://www.ibdb.com/person.php?id=12375 Internet Broadway Database listing] ]
Butterflies Are Free" ( 1969) title song (play and movie)
1971) English texts (in collaboration with Leonard Bernstein)
Godspell" ( 1971) composer, lyricist
1972) composer, lyricist
The Magic Show" ( 1974) composer, lyricist
The Baker's Wife" ( 1976) composer, lyricist
1978) adaptation, direction 4 songs
1985) composer, 3 songs
*"The Trip" (
1986) children's show - composer, lyricist
Children of Eden" ( 1991) composer, lyricist
Der Glockner von Notre Dame" ( 1999Berlin) lyricist to Alan Menken (stage version of Disney's The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996 film)) Michael Kunzetranslated the lyrics to German
2003) composer, lyricist
Tiruvasakam- [http://www.raaja.com/thiruvasagam.html 2005 English translation] of selected verses of the Tamil hymn on Lord Siva by Manickavasagar. Maestro Ilaiyaraaja scored the music.
*" Snapshots" (2005)
Captain Louie" (2005)
Mit Eventyr - My Fairy Tale" (2005) (contributed 6 songs)
Reluctant Pilgrim" ( 1997)
*"Uncharted Territory" (
The Perfect Peach" ( 1977) children's book
2000) composer, lyricist
Johnny and the Sprites" ( 2005) theme song
The Chanukah Song (We are Lights)"
* [http://www.stephenschwartz.com Stephen Schwartz official site home page]
* [http://www.musicalschwartz.com Stephen Schwartz official fan site]
* [http://www.theschwartzscene.com/blog/ The Schwartz Scene blog with podcasts of Stephen Schwartz talks]
* [http://www.musicaltalk.co.uk/episodes_0002.html Stephen Schwartz Interview for MusicalTalk]
* [http://www.musicalsingers.com/auditioning/stephen-schwartz.htm Stephen Schwartz's audition tips at MusicalSingers.com]
* [http://www.musicalwriters.com/write/stephen-schwartz/schwartz.htm Musical writing tips from Stephen Schwartz at MusicalWriters.com]
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