- United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
The United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. It is charged with leading foreign-policy legislation and debate in the Senate. The Foreign Relations Committee is generally responsible for overseeing (but not administering) and funding foreign aid programs as well as funding, arms sales and training for national allies. The committee is also responsible for holding confirmation hearings for high-level positions in the Department of State. The committee has considered, debated, and reported important treaties and legislation, ranging from the purchase of Alaska in 1867 to the establishment of the United Nations in 1945. It also holds jurisdiction over all diplomatic nominations. Along with the Finance and Judiciary Committees, the Foreign Relations Committee is one of the oldest in the Senate, going back to the initial creation of committees in 1816. Its sister committee in the House of Representatives is the Committee on Foreign Affairs (renamed from International Relations by the 110th Congress in January 2007).
Members, 112th Congress
Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps and Narcotics Affairs Robert Menendez (D-NJ) Marco Rubio (R-FL) Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs Bob Casey, Jr. (D-PA) Jim Risch (R-ID) African Affairs Chris Coons (D-DE) Johnny Isakson (R-GA) East Asian and Pacific Affairs Jim Webb (D-VA) James Inhofe (R-OK) International Operations and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy and Global Women's Issues Barbara Boxer (D-CA) Jim DeMint (R-SC) European Affairs Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) John Barrasso (R-WY) International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs, and International Environmental Protection Ben Cardin (D-MD) Bob Corker (R-TN)
Chairman Party State Years James Barbour Democratic Republican Virginia 1816–1818 WALKING Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican North Carolina 1818–1819 James Brown Democratic Republican Louisiana 1819–1820 James Barbour Democratic Republican Virginia 1820-1821 Rufus King Federalist New York 1821-1822 James Barbour Democratic Republican Virginia 1822-1825 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican North Carolina 1825–1826 Nathan Sanford Democratic-Republican New York 1826–1827 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican North Carolina 1827-1828 Littleton Tazewell Democratic Virginia 1828-1832 John Forsyth Democratic Georgia 1832-1833 William Wilkins Democratic Pennsylvania 1833-1834 Henry Clay Whig Kentucky 1834-1836 James Buchanan Democratic Pennsylvania 1836-1841 William C. Rives Whig Virginia 1841-1842 William S. Archer Whig Virginia 1842-1845 William Allen Democratic Ohio 1845-1846 Ambrose H. Sevier Democratic Arkansas 1846-1848 Edward A. Hannegan Democratic Indiana 1848-1849 Thomas Hart Benton Democratic Missouri 1849 William R. King Democratic Alabama 1849-1850 Henry S. Foote Democratic Mississippi 1850-1851 James M. Mason Democratic Virginia 1851-1861 Charles Sumner Republican Massachusetts 1861-1871 Simon Cameron Republican Pennsylvania 1871-1877 Hannibal Hamlin Republican Maine 1877-1879 William W. Eaton Democratic Connecticut 1879-1881 Ambrose Burnside Republican Rhode Island 1881 George F. Edmunds Republican Vermont 1881 William Windom Republican Minnesota 1881-1883 John F. Miller Republican California 1883-1886 John Sherman Republican Ohio 1886-1893 John T. Morgan Democratic Alabama 1893-1895 John Sherman Republican Ohio 1895-1897 William P. Frye Republican Maine 1897 Cushman Davis Republican Minnesota 1897-1901 Shelby M. Cullom Republican Illinois 1901-1911 Augustus O. Bacon Democratic Georgia 1913-1914 William J. Stone Democratic Missouri 1914-1918 Gilbert M. Hitchcock Democratic Nebraska 1918-1919 Henry Cabot Lodge Republican Massachusetts 1919-1924 William E. Borah Republican Idaho 1924-1933 Key Pittman Democratic Nevada 1933-1940 Walter F. George Democratic Georgia 1940-1941 Tom Connally Democratic Texas 1941-1947 Arthur H. Vandenberg Republican Michigan 1947-1949 Tom Connally Democratic Texas 1949-1953 Alexander Wiley Republican Wisconsin 1953-1955 Walter F. George Democratic Georgia 1955-1957 Theodore F. Green Democratic Rhode Island 1957-1959 J. William Fulbright Democratic Arkansas 1959-1975 John J. Sparkman Democratic Alabama 1975-1979 Frank Church Democratic Idaho 1979-1981 Charles H. Percy Republican Illinois 1981-1985 Richard Lugar Republican Indiana 1985-1987 Claiborne Pell Democratic Rhode Island 1987-1995 Jesse Helms Republican North Carolina 1995-2001 Joe Biden Democratic Delaware 2001 Jesse Helms Republican North Carolina 2001 Joe Biden Democratic Delaware 2001-2003 Richard Lugar Republican Indiana 2003-2007 Joe Biden Democratic Delaware 2007-2009 John Kerry Democratic Massachusetts 2009-present
- Congresspedia (2006). Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.
- U.S. Senate Committee of Foreign Relations Official Website
- U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) Page for the Committee of Foreign Relations
- Senate Foreign Relations Committee member profiles at WhoRunsGov at The Washington Post
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