Principality of Trubetsk


Principality of Trubetsk

Infobox Former Country
native_name = Kniastwa Trubetskie
conventional_long_name = Principality of Trubetsk
common_name = Trubetsk
continent = Europe
region = Belarus
year_start = 1164
year_end = 1566
date_start =
date_end = January 20
event_start =
event_end =
p1 = Nowogród Siewierski
flag_p1= Novhorod-Siversky-COA.gif
s1 = Muscovy
flag_s1= Romanov Flag.svg







image_map_caption = The Principality of Trubetsk was located on the later territory of Smoleńsk Voivodeship (below, near eastern border).
religion= Roman Catholic
capital = Trubeck
government_type = Principality
title_leader= Prince of Trubetsk
leader1 = Wsiewołod IV Czermny (first)
year_leader1 = 1164-1196
leader2 = Symeon Perski Trubetsky (last)
year_leader2 = 15201566
common_languages= Ruthenian
currency =

The Principality of Trubetsk (Ruthenian: "Kniastwa Trubetskie") was a small, landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by The Grand Duchy of Lithuania to its west and by Muscovy to its east. The Principality of Trubetsk was a principality within modern Bryansk Oblast, about 50 miles (80 kilometres) southwest of Briańsk. A sub-principality under Nowogród Siewierski, it was elevated to the status of independent principality 11641196, 12021211, 12121240, 13571566.

The Trubetsk town was founed in the era of vikings. The official date of town foundation is 975. It referred in a great ancient Ruthenian poem, "The Tale of Igor's Campaign". This poem called the princes of the Slavonic lands to join forces to resist the approaching Tatar invasion. This poem also glorified the courage of army of Wsiewołod IV Czermny, the Prince of Trubetsk and of Kursk.

Inhabitants of Trubetsk were famous for their bravery in military actions. In 1185 the Trubetsk army fought against Cumans (the common name of the nomadic tribes, who made a plundering raids to Ruthenia). That war was described in "The Tale of Igor's Campaign."

In 1239, after the Mongol invasion of Rus, The Principality of Trubetsk passed to the Princes of Briańsk, and then to the Princes of Trubetsk. In 1566 Ivan IV the Terrible took the principality during the Livonian War. In 1609 Vasili IV of Russia had to relinquish it to The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618). In 1648 Bogdan Khmelnytsky told the people that the Poles had sold them as slaves "into the hands of the accursed Jews". With this as their battle-cry, the Cossacks killed a large number of Jews (estimated at 100,000 to 200,000) during the years 1648 – 1649 (Polish-Cossack War). In 1654 Prince Aleksy Trubetsky on the side of Alexis I of Russia led the southern flank of the Muscovian army from Briańsk to Ukraine. The territory between the Dniepr and Berezyna was overrun quickly, with Aleksy Trubetsky taking Mścisław and Rosławl. In 1654 The Principality of Trubetsk was finally conquered by Aleksy Trubetsky, Prince of Trubetsk himself, as a result of the Russo-Polish War (1654-1667).

Ruling princes

:To Nowogród Siewierski until 1164.:"RURIKOVICH"
*Wsiewołod the Wild Ox (at Kursk in 1180 - 1196) 1164 - 1196:To Nowogród Siewierski........................1196 - 1202
*Światosław I (Włodzimierz Wołyński 1206 - 1210) 1202 - 1211:To Nowogród Siewierski........................1211 - 1212
*Światosław II (at Velikiy Novgorod in 1232)..........1212 - 12 ? d. aft. 1232 :Under The Golden Horde control.........................1240 - 1357:"GIEDYMINOWICZ-TRUBETSKY"
*Dymitr I Starszy (also at Briańsk)....1357 - 13791399
*Andrzej Dymitrowicz Trubetsky...................................1379 - 1399
*Michał Dymitrowicz Trubetsky..................................1399 - 15th century
*Symeon Michałowicz Trubetsky (also at Świsłocz 1366 – 14??)....15th century – after 1411 (½ of the principality)
*Jerzy Michałowicz Trubetsky..................................15th century1445 (½ of the principality) † after 1445
*Iwan Symeonowicz Trubetsky....after 1411 – before 1499 (½ of the principality) † 16th century:"WOLOWICZ"
*Grinka Wolowicz............1445 - before 1489 (1462? ;½ of the principality):"GIEDYMINOWICZ-CZARTORYSKI"
*Iwan Wasylewicz Czartoryski...........................before 1489 (1462?) - 1489 (½ of the principality):"GIEDYMINOWICZ-TRUBETSKY"
*Andrzej Iwanowicz Trubetsky...................................before 149916 May 1546 (⅓ of ½ of the principality)
*Iwan Iwanowicz Trubetsky...................................before 14991538 (⅓ of ½ of the principality)
*Fiodor Iwanowicz Trubetsky...................................before 14991540 (⅓ of ½ of the principality)
*Iwan Jerziewicz Trubetsky..................................14991500, 1503-15 January 1520 (½ of the principality)
*Symeon Iwanowicz Perski Trubetsky...................................15 January 152020 January 1566 (¼ of the principality)
*Symeon-Bogdan Aleksandrowicz Trubetsky...................................15 January 1520 — ca 1543 (¼ of the principality)
*Michał Andrzejowicz Trubetsky...................................16 May 15465 December 1556 (½ of the principality):To Muscovian Tsardom........................................20 January 1566:To Rzeczpospolita........................................1609
*Wigund-Jeronym Trubetsky....1611 - 1634 (under authority of Rzeczpospolita)
*Aleksy Trubetsky....16341645 (under authority of Rzeczpospolita) † 1680:The Deluge (Khmelnytsky Uprising)......................1648:To Muscovian Tsardom........................................1654

External links

* [http://rzecz-pospolita.com/trubczewsk0.php3 Trubetsk]
* [http://encyklopedia.stylokna.pl/trubczewsk Trubetsk]
* [http://bibleocean.com/OmniDefinition/Trubetsk Trubetsk]
* [http://www.prescriptiondrug-info.com/drug_information_online.asp?title=Trubetsk Trubetsk]
* [http://www.algebra.com/algebra/about/history/Trubetsk.wikipedia Trubetsk]
* [http://goroda.novozybkov.ru/trubchevsk/ Photographies of Trubetsk 1]
* [http://goroda.novozybkov.ru/trubchevsk/?page=2 Photographies of Trubetsk 2]
* [http://www.gosiewski.pl/scylla_pl.htm Scylla Trubecka]
* [http://lamar.colostate.edu/~aksmith/HY438/igor.htm The Kiev Chronicle. (XII. century.)]
* [http://www.recherche.fr/encyclopedie/Troubetzko%C3%AF Troubetzkoy]
* [http://www.laborunion.lt/memorandum/ru/modules/myarticles/print.php?storyid=53 Wyprawa cara na Litwę. - Bitwa pod Szkłowem i pod Szepielewiczami. - Zdobycie Smoleńska.]


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