- Nanyang, Henan
— Prefecture-level city — 南阳市 Coordinates: Coordinates: Country People's Republic of China Province Henan Government – Mayor Huang Xingwei Area – Prefecture-level city 26,591 km2 (10,266.8 sq mi) – Urban 1,887 km2 (728.6 sq mi) – Metro 1,887 km2 (728.6 sq mi) Elevation 131 m (430 ft) Population (2010 census) – Prefecture-level city 10,263,006 – Density 386/km2 (999.6/sq mi) – Urban 1,672,171 – Urban density 886.2/km2 (2,295.1/sq mi) – Metro 1,672,171 – Metro density 886.2/km2 (2,295.1/sq mi) Time zone China Standard (UTC+8) Postal code 473000 Area code(s) 377 GDP ¥120billion (2006) Major Nationalities Han County-level divisions 13 Township-level divisions unknown City Flowers Chrysanthemum&China Rose License plate prefixes 豫R Website http://www.nanyang.gov.cn
Nanyang (simplified Chinese: 南阳; traditional Chinese: 南陽; pinyin: Nányáng) is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Henan province, People's Republic of China. The city with the largest administrative area in Henan, Nanyang borders Xinyang to the southeast, Zhumadian to the east, Pingdingshan to the northeast, Luoyang to the north, Sanmenxia to the northwest, the province of Shaanxi to the west, and the province of Hubei to the south.
- 1 Administration
- 2 Names
- 3 Geography
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Economy
- 9 External links
- Wolong District (卧龙区)
- Wancheng District (宛城区)
- Gaoxin District (高新区)
- Dengzhou City (邓州市)
- Xinye County (新野县)
- Sheqi County (社旗县)
- Tanghe County (唐河县)
- Tongbai County (桐柏县)
- Fangcheng County (方城县)
- Nanzhao County (南召县)
- Zhenping County (镇平县)
- Neixiang County (内乡县)
- Xixia County (西峡县)
- Xichuan County (淅川县)
Nanyang (Simplified Chinese: (南阳), Traditional Chinese: (南阳); pinyin: Nányáng) 南 Nán-South,阳 yáng-sun (the south side of a mountain, or the north side of a river, which in Chinese is called Yang meaning "sunny"). Wan (宛) is the abbreviation for Nanyang which in ancient times was known as Wancheng (宛城), meaning "Wan City".
- Zhumadian (E)
- Xinyang (SE)
- Sanmenxia (NW)
- Luoyang (N)
- Pingdingshan (NE)
The latitude of the entire prefecture ranges from 32° 17' to 33° 48' N, while the longitude ranges from 110° 58' to 113° 49' E, and the prefecture spans 26,600 square kilometres (10,300 sq mi). The city lies within the Nanyang Basin, which is part of a region in Central China that lies in the gap between the eastern end of the Qin Mountains and the source of the Huai River. Thus, using those two geographic features as the standard dividing line, it is difficult to classify the city into northern or southern China.
To the north of Nanyang city proper, there is a mountain called Mount Du, which is famous for the Dushan Jade, one of the four famous jades of China and is now a rarity. To the southwest is Neixiang County with the newly developing Baotianman Biosphere Reserve—an area of high biodiversity, with 65 rare and endangered species.
The climate is generally moderate and is a four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with strong monsoon influences: winters are cool but dry, and summers are hot and humid. Spring and autumn provide transitions of reasonable length. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 1.4 °C (34.5 °F) and in July it is 26.9 °C (80.4 °F); the annual mean is 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). More than half the annual rainfall occurs from June to August.
Climate data for Nanyang, Henan (1971–2000) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) 6.7
20.3 Average low °C (°F) −2.6
10.4 Precipitation mm (inches) 13.7
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.5 5.0 7.9 8.1 9.5 9.9 12.3 10.4 9.2 8.8 6.0 3.8 95.4 Source: Weather.com.cn
Nanyang has one major railway station: Nanyang Railway Station. There are also several other small stations serving suburban area.
Nanyang is a railway junction for the Nanjing-Xi'an Railway and the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway. Direct train service is available to Shanghai, Nanjing, and Hefei to the east, Xian and Lanzhou to the west, Luoyang to the north and Liuzhou to the south.
Roads and expressways
Over 500 km of highway network has been built along the railway line and others. A 80 km of beltway is being constructed surrounding the city. As of 2009, feasibility studies for 80KM of elevated rope suspension pathways hanging 10 meters high for pedestrian and bicycle use have been approved by city level governance. Installation will begin early 2010.
Airport and Airlines
Nanyang Airport is one of the three civil aviation airports in Henan Province. It is only 20 minutes bus time from the urban area. Passengers can take airplanes to and from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Guilin.
There are also two avion airports.
Nanyang city buses has about 30 lines in the urban area. Taxis are common.
The whole city area has a population over 10.5 million, which is the largest prefecture-level city in China now. The Urban area has over 0.8 million people, which is the third largest city in Henan Province.
It has a population of about 1 million who commute from the city, mainly to Zhengzhou, Guangdong province, Beijing and Shanghai.
Henan dialect, with easily identifiable stereotypical features. Its local dialect is known as Nanyang Hua (南阳话), spoken by about 15 million people around the area.
It is the local form of Chinese opera.
Famous persons of Nanyang
- Zhang Heng, Eastern Han Dynasty astronomer, mathematician and inventor of the first seismometer in history.
- Zhang Zhongjing, late Eastern Han Dynasty physician and pharmacist.
- Zhuge Liang, renowned advisor to Liu Bei and the first chancellor of the Kingdom of Shu during the Three Kingdoms era.
- Gan Ning, general of Wu during the Three Kingdoms, born in Nanyang.
- Han Yu, Tang Dynasty poet.
- Huang Zhong a leading military general of the Kingdom of Shu ruled by Liu Bei during the Three Kingdoms era, was one of the Five Tiger Generals of Shu.
Famous persons of Nanyang, modern times
Er Yuehe, Feng Youlan, Peng Xuefeng, Yao Xueyin, Ding Shengshu, Wang Yongmin
Nanyang is a famous tourism city in China, which has a long history and beautiful sights.
Within the Nanyang City area
Temples, cathedrals, and mosques
- Wolong Gang
- Nanyang Mansion (Ming & Qing Dynasty)
- Temple of holy doctor Zhang Zhongjing
- Zhang Heng's Grave(Han Dynasty)
- Baihe River
- Dushan Hill
- Meixilu Walking and Shopping Road
- Bayi Walking and Shopping Road（Under construction）
- Nanyang Emporium
- Nanyang Xinhua Commercial City(Will be move out)
- Datton Mall
- Dannisi Underground Shopping Mall
Outside the metropolitan area, but within the municipality
Temples, cathedrals, and mosques
- Jingziguan Town in Xichuan County is a historical and cultural town.
- Neixiang County Mansion(Ming & Qing Dynasty)
- Sheqi Meeting Place(Qing Dynasty)
- Dengzhou Huazhou College
- Funiu Shan World Geology Park
- Danjiangkou Reservoir
- Tongbai Water-Curtain Cave Temple
- Shiren Shan(Stoneman in Chinese) Mountain
Hotels and lodging
- Jinkaiyue Oriental Hotel
- Jindu Hotel
- Nanyang Hotel
- Yinquan Hotel
- Baihe Band
- Central(Zhongxin) Guangchang
- Mingzhu Pool Club
- Net Cafes
- Dio Cafe
- Nanyang has a developing cattle industry, as well as a tobacco factory.
- The Bai River flows through Nanyang and provides it with an abundant supply of fish.
- Nanyang produces two kinds of quality wine: Shedianlaojiu and Wolongyuye.
- Nanyang Oilfield is one to biggest oilfield in China.
- Agriculture plays an important role in its economy.
- Government website of Nanyang (in Simplified Chinese)
Henan topics General Geography Education Culture Cuisine Visitor attractions Henan Province county-level divisionsZhengzhou: Zhongyuan District · Erqi District · Guancheng Hui District · Jinshui District · Shangjie District · Huiji District · Xinzheng City · Dengfeng City · Xinmi City · Gongyi City · Xingyang City · Zhongmu County
Kaifeng: Gulou District · Longting District · Shunhe Hui District · Yuwangtai District · Jinming District · Qi County · Tongxu County · Weishi County · Kaifeng County · Lankao County
Luoyang: Xigong District · Laocheng District · Chanhe Hui District · Jianxi District · Jili District · Luolong District · Yanshi City · Mengjin County · Xin'an County · Luanchuan County · Song County · Ruyang County · Yiyang County · Luoning County · Yichuan County
Pingdingshan: Xinhua District · Weidong District · Zhanhe District · Shilong District · Wugang City · Ruzhou City · Baofeng County · Ye County · Lushan County · Jia County
Anyang: Beiguan District · Wenfeng District · Yindu District · Long'an District · Linzhou City · Anyang County · Tangyin County · Hua County · Neihuang County
Hebi: Qibin District · Shancheng District · Heshan District · Xun County · Qi County
Xinxiang: Weibin District · Hongqi District · Fengquan District · Muye District · Weihui City · Huixian City · Xinxiang County · Huojia County · Yuanyang County · Yanjin County · Fengqiu County · Changyuan County
Jiaozuo: Jiefang District · Shanyang District · Zhongzhan District · Macun District · Mengzhou City · Qinyang City · Xiuwu County · Bo'ai County · Wuzhi County · Wen County
Puyang: Hualong District · Qingfeng County · Nanle County · Fan County · Taiqian County · Puyang County
Xuchang: Weidu District · Yuzhou City · Changge City · Xuchang County · Yanling County · Xiangcheng County
Luohe: Yuanhui District · Yancheng District · Shaoling District · Wuyang County · Linying County
Sanmenxia: Hubin District · Yima City · Lingbao City · Mianchi County · Shan County · Lushi County
Nanyang: Wolong District · Wancheng District · Dengzhou City · Nanzhao County · Fangcheng County · Xixia County · Zhenping County · Neixiang County · Xichuan County · Sheqi County · Tanghe County · Xinye County · Tongbai County
Shangqiu: Liangyuan District · Suiyang District · Yongcheng City · Yucheng County · Minquan County · Ningling County · Sui County · Xiayi County · Zhecheng County
Xinyang: Shihe District · Pingqiao District · Xi County · Huaibin County · Huangchuan County · Guangshan County · Gushi County · Shangcheng County · Luoshan County · Xin County
Zhoukou: Chuanhui District · Xiangcheng City · Fugou County · Xihua County · Shangshui County · Taikang County · Luyi County · Dancheng County · Huaiyang County · Shenqiu County
Zhumadian: Yicheng District · Queshan County · Biyang County · Suiping County · Xiping County · Shangcai County · Runan County · Pingyu County · Xincai County · Zhengyang County
Jiyuan: (no intermediate County-level divisions, see Administration of Jiyuan)■ = Prefecture-level city ■ = Sub-prefecture-level city
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